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Horn of Africa Experiences Five Consecutive Seasons of Drought for First Time in History

  • news
  • East Africa
  • for immediate release: January 23, 2023
Horn of Africa Experiences Five Consecutive Seasons of Drought for First Time in History


Washington, D.C. – Grim rainfall totals for October-December 2022 indicate the eastern Horn of Africa has officially experienced five consecutive seasons of drought, marking the longest sequence of dry seasons ever recorded in the region.

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) was one of several agencies that predicted the poor rainy season across Ethiopia, Kenya, and Somalia following the historic below-average March-May 2022 season.

“Five inches or so of rain, over three months, in a very hot region, is very close to no rainfall,” Chris Funk, Research Director for the Climate Hazards Center at the University of California, Santa Barbara, wrote. “According to our rainfall data, which extends reliably back to about 1950, a sequence of five dry seasons has never happened before.”

FEWS NET’s latest Seasonal Monitor for Somalia revealed long delays in the onset of rains, erratic rainfall distribution, and significant rainfall deficits throughout the country. Across the region, seasonal rains were insufficient to support the growth of crops, the fertility of livestock, or the replenishment of critical water resources.

Funk and co-authors described rainfall totals for October-December 2022 as, “clearly far below a total adequate for healthy crop and rangeland production.”

For months, FEWS NET has warned that the historic multi-year drought is likely to continue well into 2023. Although ongoing La Niña conditions – one of the drought’s main driving forces – are expected to dissipate in the coming months, the effects on the upcoming wet season are likely to remain significant. FEWS NET climate scientists also expect a drier-than-normal wet season in March-May 2023, due to exceptionally warm west Pacific sea surface temperatures, which would mark a historic sixth consecutive season of drought.

As the exceptional drought likely enters its third year, emergency response efforts in Ethiopia, Kenya, and Somalia remain severely underfunded. Humanitarians continue to signal that a more robust and unified global response is urgently needed if a significant loss of life is to be averted.


Hannah Button
Communications Lead
Famine Early Warning Systems Network

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