Price Watch

March 2022 Global Price Watch

March 2022

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • In West Africa, cereal prices increased due to below-average agricultural production, persistent insecurity in Sahel countries, strong export demand, depreciation of local currencies, and reduction in cross-border trade. Prices of imported and processed products such as rice, wheat flour, vegetable oil, dairy products, and sugar also increased. Prices across the region remained well above the previous year and the five-year average. 

  • In East Africa, the price of staple foods was stable or declined slightly across most markets due to supply from the October-to-December harvest. However, staple food prices increased in Tanzania as stocks tightened before the next harvest in May and in Sudan due to above-average production costs. A below-average harvest and high inflation supported above-average prices in most markets. Global supply constraints, rising global fuel and shipping costs, conflict, and localized currency depreciation led to price spikes in imported rice, vegetable oil, and wheat flour across most of the region.

  • In Southern Africa, maize prices increased seasonally across most markets reflecting the onset of the lean season, characterized by reduced volumes of maize grain in local markets and an upward movement in prices. Tropical storm Ana also severely affected crop production in Malawi, Madagascar, and Mozambique. Higher fuel and energy prices continued to drive inflation across much of the region.

  • In Central America, markets were sufficiently supplied with local and imported staple foods as well as carryover stocks. Although formal and informal imports from Mexico continued to fulfill regional consumption, the level of exports from Mexico was below average due to higher commodity prices in Mexico. Increased supply from the average January to February apante harvest were insufficient to offset white maize and beans crop losses in Honduras and Nicaragua from the below-average 2021 postrera season. 

  • In Central Asia, staple grain (wheat) availability and prices were stable but above the previous year and five-year averages in all countries amid growing concerns over diesel prices. In Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Pakistan, and Yemen, wheat prices were stable due to good currency conditions and seasonality. In Yemen, fuel shortages led to price increases that hit areas controlled by the Sana’a-based authorities (SBA) hardest.

  • International staple food markets were sufficiently supplied. Maize and wheat prices increased due to geopolitical tensions contributing to even more volatile commodities markets. Government efforts to mitigate these risks will be essential to monitor.

About Price Watch

Price Watch offers a monthly summary and outlook on global, regional and national trends of key commodity prices in FEWS NET countries. Analysis may touch on global issues, such as fuel prices or exchange rates, if they are likely to influence staple food prices in FEWS NET countries. The accompanying Price Watch Annex details price trends by country.

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on approximately 30 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, USGS, and CHC-UCSB, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica.
Learn more About Us.

Link to United States Agency for International Development (USAID)Link to the United States Geological Survey's (USGS) FEWS NET Data PortalLink to U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)
Link to National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Earth ObservatoryLink to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) National Weather Service, Climage Prediction CenterLink to the Climate Hazards Center - UC Santa BarbaraLink to KimetricaLink to Chemonics