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A livelihood zone is an area within which people share broadly the same pattern of livelihood, including options for obtaining food and income and market opportunities. A livelihood zoning is essential for the following reasons:
1. It provides geographic orientation of livelihood systems to inform food security analysis and assistance targeting
2. It provides the basis for identifying geographically relevant food security monitoring indicators
3. It provides a sampling frame for future on-the-ground assessments
Livelihood patterns clearly vary from one geographic area to another, which is why the preparation of a Livelihood Zone Map is a logical first step for livelihoods-based analysis.
Livelihood Zone Map illustrates the country by zone, showing areas where people generally have the same options for obtaining food and income and engaging in trade.