Nigéria

Pays où nous sommes présents
Décembre 2022

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Not mapped
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
Not mapped
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

1: Mínima
2: Acentuada
3: Crisis
4: Emergencia
5: Hambruna
Sin mapa
Se estima que seria al menos una fase peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
La manera de clasificación que utiliza FEWS NET es compatible con la CIF. Un análisisque es compatible con la CIF sigue los protocolos fundamentales de CIF pero nonecesariamente refleja el consenso de los socios nacionales en materia de seguridad alimentaria.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

1: Mínima
2: Acentuada
3+: Crisis o peor
Se estima que seria al menos una fase
peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
La manera de clasificación que utiliza FEWS NET es compatible con la CIF. Un análisisque es compatible con la CIF sigue los protocolos fundamentales de CIF pero nonecesariamente refleja el consenso de los socios nacionales en materia de seguridad alimentaria.
Para los países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza un contorno de color en el mapa CIF que representa la clasificación más alta de CIF en las áreas de preocupación.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

Países presenciales:
1: Mínima
2: Acentuada
3: Crisis
4: Emergencia
5: Hambruna
Países de monitoreo remoto:
1: Mínima
2: Acentuada
3+: Crisis o peor
Se estima que seria al menos una fase
peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
Sin mapa
Para los países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza un contorno de color en el mapa CIF que representa la clasificación más alta de CIF en las áreas de preocupación.

IPC 2.0 Phase d'Insécurité Alimentaire Aiguë

1: Minimale
2: Stress
3: Crise
4: Urgence
5: Famine
Non cartographié
Serait probablement pire, au moins une phase, sans l'assistance humanitaire en cours ou programmée
La manière de classification que FEWS NET utilise est compatible avec l’IPC. Une analyse qui est compatible avec l’IPC suit les principaux protocoles de l’IPC mais ne reflète pas nécessairement le consensus des partenaires nationaux en matière de sécurité alimentaire.

IPC 2.0 Phase d'Insécurité Alimentaire Aiguë

1: Minimale
2: Stress
3+: Crise ou pire
Serait probablement pire, au moins une phase, sans
l'assistance humanitaire en cours ou programmée
La manière de classification que FEWS NET utilise est compatible avec l’IPC. Une analyse qui est compatible avec l’IPC suit les principaux protocoles de l’IPC mais ne reflète pas nécessairement le consensus des partenaires nationaux en matière de sécurité alimentaire.
Pour les pays suivis à distance par FEWS NET, un contour coloré est utilisé pour représenter la classification de l’IPC la plus élevée dans les zones de préoccupation.

IPC 2.0 Phase d'Insécurité Alimentaire Aiguë

Pays de présence:
1: Minimale
2: Stress
3: Crise
4: Urgence
5: Famine
Pays suivis à distance:
1: Minimale
2: Stress
3+: Crise ou pire
Serait probablement pire, au moins une phase, sans
l'assistance humanitaire en cours ou programmée
Non cartographié
Pour les pays suivis à distance par FEWS NET, un contour coloré est utilisé pour représenter la classification de l’IPC la plus élevée dans les zones de préoccupation.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurança Alimentar Aguda Baseado

1: Minima
2: Stress
3: Crise
4: Emergência
5: Fome
Não mapeado
Poderia ser pior sem a assistência humanitária em vigor ou programad
A maneira de classificação que utiliza FEWS NET é compatível com a CIF. A análise compatível com a CIF segue os protocolos fundamentais da CIF mas não necessariamente reflete o consenso dos parceirosnacionais com respeito a segurança alimentar.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurança Alimentar Aguda Baseado

1: Minima
2: Stress
3+: Crise ou pior
Poderia ser pior sem a assistência
humanitária em vigor ou programad
A maneira de classificação que utiliza FEWS NET é compatível com a CIF. A análise compatível com a CIF segue os protocolos fundamentais da CIF mas não necessariamente reflete o consenso dos parceirosnacionais com respeito a segurança alimentar.
Para os países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza um contorno de cor no mapa CIF para representar a classificação mais alta da CIF nas áreas de preocupação.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurança Alimentar Aguda Baseado

Países com presença:
1: Minima
2: Stress
3: Crise
4: Emergência
5: Fome
Países sem presença:
1: Minima
2: Stress
3+: Crise ou pior
Poderia ser pior sem a assistência
humanitária em vigor ou programad
Não mapeado
Para os países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza um contorno de cor no mapa CIF para representar a classificação mais alta da CIF nas áreas de preocupação.

Décembre 2022 - Janvier 2023

Février - Mai 2023

IPC v3.1 Phase d'Insécurité Alimentaire Aiguë

1: Minimale
2: Stress
3: Crise
4: Urgence
5: Famine
Concentration de personnes déplacées
Serait probablement pire, au moins une phase, sans l'assistance humanitaire en cours ou programmée
La manière de classification que FEWS NET utilise est compatible avec l’IPC. Une analyse qui est compatible avec l’IPC suit les principaux protocoles de l’IPC mais ne reflète pas nécessairement le consensus des partenaires nationaux en matière de sécurité alimentaire.
Messages clés
  • In December, conflict against civilians remained relatively calm, with fighting reported between rival non-state actors in Borno State. The ongoing fighting, coupled with military operations, will continue to displace more populations to nearby urban areas. IDP camps continue to close in the northeast, particularly in Borno state, where 10 camps have closed between May 2021 and December 2022. The camp closures have resulted in about 150,000 households resettling across the state. Many of the resettled households remain highly vulnerable. They are in areas inaccessible to humanitarians, and humanitarians continue to be limited in the provision of assistance to households outside of camp settings. Some households receive temporary resettlement packages, and most rely on unskilled labor to access food. Food assistance, primarily to remaining camp residents, declined by about 19 percent in November relative to October across the three northeast states. As a result, many households depend on market purchases to access food; however, staple prices remain atypically elevated, resulting in most poor households having low purchasing power. With the persisting conflict in the northeast, many households will continue to face Crisis (IPC Phase 3) through at least May 2023.

  • Conflict in the northwest and northcentral zones continues to escalate in terms of locations affected and the number of incidents in December. Recent attacks are reported in Kaura and Birnin Gwari LGAs in Kaduna State, Batsari LGA in Katsina State, Shiroro in Niger State, and Guma LGA in Benue State. Additionally, communal attacks and farmer/herder conflict persist in Plateau and Benue states. Consequently, population displacement, civilian fatalities, market disruptions, and loss of livelihoods continue to increase in conflict-affected areas. Conflict-affected households will continue to face Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes. In addition, many areas of the northwest and northcentral were substantially impacted by the recent flooding along major rivers, including the Niger and Benue, resulting in population displacement and destruction of farmlands. Many households that remain displaced will face difficulty engaging in normal dry-season cultivation along the floodplains. 

  • Water levels along major floodplains continue to recede, driving displaced populations to return to their homesteads gradually following the historic 2022 flooding. Households along flood plains and riverine areas are engaged in land preparation for dry season cultivation. Although displacement remains high, as well as the price of agricultural inputs and fuel for irrigation, household engagement in the second season is lower than normal. Furthermore, due to the lower level of area planted and general engagement in the season, availability and income from agricultural labor remains below average and even farther below average in northwestern and northcentral conflict-affected areas. In the northeast of Nigeria, the dry season cropping will likely be above recent years as households return to homesteads and have increased access to farmlands.

  • Macroeconomic conditions continue to remain poor and are expected to continue in this trend in December In November, the inflation rate increased for the tenth straight month, reaching 21.47 percent, the highest since September 2005. Food prices and the cost of transportation are the key drivers of annual inflation. The value of the Nigerian Naira (NGN) appreciated slightly in December. As of December 20, the NGN exchanged at 743 NGN/USD, relative to 772 NGN/USD in October and 775 NGN/USD in November. With the increasing trend in crude oil production and appreciation of the NGN relative to other foreign currencies, the revenue accruing to the government will slightly increase, and government purchasing power is likely to improve in the coming months.  

Food Security

Nigeria Food Security Classification (December 2022 - May 2023)

Near term (December 2022 - January 2023) food security outcomes and forward-looking analysis representing the most likely food security outcomes for medium term (February 2023 - May 2023) periods.

Downloads

Moyens d’existence

Livelihood Zone Map

About FEWS NET

Le Réseau des systèmes d’alerte précoce contre la famine est l’un des principaux prestataires d’alertes précoces et d’analyses de l’insécurité alimentaire. Constitué par l’USAID en 1985 pour aider les décideurs à planifier pour les crises humanitaires, FEWS NET fournit des analyses factuelles  concernant quelque 35 pays. Les membres des équipes de mise en œuvre incluent la NASA, la NOAA, le département américain de l ‘Agriculture (USDA) et le gouvernement des États-Unis (USGS), de même que Chemonics International Inc. et Kimetrica. Vous trouverez d’autres informations sur notre travail.

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