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Rwanda

Remotely monitored country
Rwanda
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Key Message Update
May 2023
Season B green harvest and reduction in food prices improve food access
  • The start of the Season B green harvest in mid-April contributed to sustaining Minimal (IPC Phase 1) outcomes for most households across the country. Moreover, the prices of maize, rice, and Irish potato have decreased by 30 to 40 percent after the removal of the value-added tax (VAT) in April, further improving food access for households. In addition, the upcoming Season B harvest in June is expected to significantly replenish food stocks for most households in rural areas, not only improving access to food but also reducing seasonal food prices. Despite the positive developments, the prices of food and non-food items remain above average, particularly affecting poor rural households who heavily rely on the market to access their food. The National Institute of Statistics of Rwanda (NISR) reported that the monthly food inflation rate in rural areas slowed in April (2.9 percent) compared to March (6.8 percent), but the annual food inflation rate remained very high at 62.6 percent.

  • Heavy rainfall during Season B triggered a flash flood in early May, mainly in western Rwanda, affecting more than 110,000 people, damaging around 10,000 hectares of cropland, and causing 135 deaths. The flood destroyed infrastructure, cropland, and stored food in the affected areas, which will likely reduced access to food and income among the affected households in the short-term and medium-term. The districts most severely affected by the flood include Rutsiro, Nyabihu, Rubavu, and Ngororero in the Western Province; Burera, Gakenke, and Musanze in the Northern Province; and Nyamagabe in the Southern Province, where the Season B harvest is now expected to be below average. The government and partners are providing humanitarian assistance in the form of food and non-food items to prevent food consumption gaps among the affected population, and efforts are underway to permanently relocate displaced individuals to areas less prone to flooding.¬†Levels of food and non-food assistance are sufficient to completely cover their kilocalorie needs, supporting None! (Minimal !) levels of acute food insecurity among flood-affected households.

  • Minimal (IPC Phase 1) outcomes are expected in Kigali City during the projection period, and access to food is expected to improve due to growing economic activity, including enhanced income-earning opportunities and cross-border trade and reduced staple food prices. Despite the removal of VAT on selected staple foods, however, food prices in Kigali City remain high, which continues to constrain purchasing power and food access for very poor urban households. As a result, very poor urban households in Kigali City are likely to face Stressed (IPC Phase 2) outcomes. According to NISR, the April urban food inflation rate stood at 36.8 percent compared to last year and 2.2 percent compared to March.

  • The estimated 127,000 refugees and asylees in Rwanda are expected to face Stressed! (IPC Phase 2!) outcomes throughout September, with the cash and food assistance by WFP preventing worse food insecurity outcomes. The assistance is approximately enough to cover 50 percent of the monthly food basket. Ongoing fighting in the eastern DRC has resulted in an influx of approximately 6,600 new asylum seekers since November 2022, who are being temporarily accommodated in the Nkamira transit site. The influx of new arrivals is likely to strain existing humanitarian assistance resources. Furthermore, poor households in Nyamasheke and Rusizi districts in Western Province are likely to have below-average income due to the continuing conflict along the border with DRC that disrupts cross-border trade and labor prospects.¬†

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Food Security
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Agroclimatology
Global Weather Hazards Flooding spreads into southeastern Africa, while parts of southern Africa remain abnormally dry Global February 2023
Global Weather Hazards Southern Africa experiences flooding, while abnormal dryness continues in Eastern Africa Global February 2023
Global Weather Hazards Southern Africa experiences flooding, while abnormal dryness continues in Eastern Africa Global February 2023
Markets & Trade
Price Watch March 2023 Global Price Watch Global March 2023
Price Watch February 2023 Global Price Watch Global February 2023
Cross Border Trade Report East Africa Cross Border Trade Report East Africa February 2023
Alerts / Special Reports
No reports available.
Food Security
No reports available.
Agroclimatology
Global Weather Hazards Flooding spreads into southeastern Africa, while parts of southern Africa remain abnormally dry Global February 2023
Global Weather Hazards Southern Africa experiences flooding, while abnormal dryness continues in Eastern Africa Global February 2023
Global Weather Hazards Southern Africa experiences flooding, while abnormal dryness continues in Eastern Africa Global February 2023
Markets & Trade
Price Watch March 2023 Global Price Watch Global March 2023
Price Watch February 2023 Global Price Watch Global February 2023
Cross Border Trade Report East Africa Cross Border Trade Report East Africa February 2023
Alerts / Special Reports
No reports available.
Food Security Classification Data View all Rwanda classification data
Rwanda Acute Food Insecurity Classification (May 2023 - September 2023)

Forward-looking analysis representing the most likely food security outcomes for the near term (May 2023) and medium term (June 2023 - September 2023) periods.

Rwanda Acute Food Insecurity Classification Shapefile May 2023 (.zip) (ZIP) Rwanda Acute Food Insecurity Classification May 2023 (.geojson) (GeoJSON) Near Term Projection: May 2023 (.png) (PNG) Medium Term Projection: June 2023 - September 2023 (.png) (PNG) Near Term Projection: May 2023 (.kml) (KML) Medium Term Projection: June 2023 - September 2023 (.kml) (KML)
Rwanda Acute Food Insecurity Classification (April 2023 - September 2023)

Forward-looking analysis representing the most likely food security outcomes for the near term (April 2023 - May 2023) and medium term (June 2023 - September 2023) periods.

Rwanda Acute Food Insecurity Classification Shapefile April 2023 (.zip) (ZIP) Rwanda Acute Food Insecurity Classification April 2023 (.geojson) (GeoJSON) Near Term Projection: April 2023 - May 2023 (.png) (PNG) Medium Term Projection: June 2023 - September 2023 (.png) (PNG) Near Term Projection: April 2023 - May 2023 (.kml) (KML) Medium Term Projection: June 2023 - September 2023 (.kml) (KML)
Rwanda Acute Food Insecurity Classification (March 2023 - September 2023)

Forward-looking analysis representing the most likely food security outcomes for the near term (March 2023 - May 2023) and medium term (June 2023 - September 2023) periods.

Rwanda Acute Food Insecurity Classification Shapefile March 2023 (.zip) (ZIP) Rwanda Acute Food Insecurity Classification March 2023 (.geojson) (GeoJSON) Near Term Projection: March 2023 - May 2023 (.png) (PNG) Medium Term Projection: June 2023 - September 2023 (.png) (PNG) Near Term Projection: March 2023 - May 2023 (.kml) (KML) Medium Term Projection: June 2023 - September 2023 (.kml) (KML)
Seasonal Calendar Seasonal Calendar
Description

The Seasonal Calendar shows the annual and cyclical patterns of key food and income sources in a country throughout the typical year.

Rwanda Seasonal Calendar
Remote Sensing Imagery Remote Sensing Imagery
Description

USGS-provided data and imagery supports FEWS NET's monitoring efforts of weather and climate throughout the world.

View all remote sensing imagery
Livelihood Zone Resources Livelihood Zone Resources
Rwanda Livelihood Zone Descriptions, June 2012 Rwanda Livelihood Zone Descriptions, August 2011 Rwanda Livelihood Zone Map
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