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Nigeria

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Nigeria
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Food Security Outlook Update
April 2023
Prolonged conflict and poor macroeconomy drive high food assistance needs
  • Conflict in northeast Nigeria persists with relative stability due to the slightly reduced capacity of insurgents after months of intensive security force operations. Many displaced households are traveling to homesteads or nearby urban centers to prepare for seasonal land preparation; however, localized attacks continue to limit access to farmlands as well as drive displacement. Markets in accessible areas remain well supplied, though deteriorated household purchasing power and continued poor cash access limit food access. High competition for income-generating opportunities, high prices, and limited remaining food are driving decreased household food access. Consequently, many households are facing the early onset of the lean season and Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes through September. Meanwhile, households in inaccessible areas that have minimal access to livelihoods, limited mobility, and a depleted coping capacity face wide food consumption gaps and are expected to experience Emergency (IPC Phase¬†4).

  • Clashes between local militias, banditry, and violence against civilians remain elevated and continue to limit mobility in the northwest and northcentral states, driving poor dry season harvests and restricted market activity in the worst conflict-affected areas. Land preparation for the upcoming main season cultivation remains below average in most areas. Short-distance population displacement following outbreaks of conflict continues to disrupt livelihoods and limit coping capacity in Benue, Niger, Kaduna, Katsina, Plateau, Sokoto, and Zamfara states. Frequent attacks by bandits have restricted the flow of food, leading to price spikes for staple foods and the lean season has already begun in conflict-affected areas. Crisis (IPC Phase¬†3) outcomes are likely to persist in conflict-affected areas through September.

  • Macroeconomic conditions remain poor in Nigeria despite the slight easing of the cash crisis following the extension of the deadline for using old notes, increases in oil production, and favorable crude oil export prices. Despite increased revenue from oil sales, foreign reserves continue to decline due to the high debt burden. Staple food prices across most markets remain significantly higher than average, limiting food access. The average retail price of petrol increased 43 percent year-on-year in March 2023. High fuel prices will drive increased transportation and production costs, as well as high food prices through the lean season.

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Food Security
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Agroclimatology
Global Weather Hazards Flooding spreads into southeastern Africa, while parts of southern Africa remain abnormally dry Global February 2023
Global Weather Hazards Southern Africa experiences flooding, while abnormal dryness continues in Eastern Africa Global February 2023
Global Weather Hazards Southern Africa experiences flooding, while abnormal dryness continues in Eastern Africa Global February 2023
Markets & Trade
Price Bulletin Nigeria Price Bulletin Nigeria May 2023
Price Bulletin Nigeria Price Bulletin Nigeria April 2023
Price Watch March 2023 Global Price Watch Global March 2023
Alerts / Special Reports
No reports available.
Food Security Classification Data View all Nigeria classification data
Nigeria Acute Food Insecurity Classification (September 2021 - January 2022)

Forward-looking analysis representing the most likely food security outcomes for the near term (September 2021) and medium term (October 2021 - January 2022) periods.

Nigeria Acute Food Insecurity Classification Shapefile September 2021 (.zip) (ZIP) Nigeria Acute Food Insecurity Classification September 2021 (.geojson) (GeoJSON) Near Term Projection: September 2021 (.png) (PNG) Medium Term Projection: October 2021 - January 2022 (.png) (PNG) Near Term Projection: September 2021 (.kml) (KML) Medium Term Projection: October 2021 - January 2022 (.kml) (KML)
Nigeria Acute Food Insecurity Classification (August 2022 - January 2023)

Forward-looking analysis representing the most likely food security outcomes for the near term (August 2022 - September 2022) and medium term (October 2022 - January 2023) periods.

Nigeria Acute Food Insecurity Classification Shapefile August 2022 (.zip) (ZIP) Nigeria Acute Food Insecurity Classification August 2022 (.geojson) (GeoJSON) Near Term Projection: August 2022 - September 2022 (.png) (PNG) Medium Term Projection: October 2022 - January 2023 (.png) (PNG) Near Term Projection: August 2022 - September 2022 (.kml) (KML) Medium Term Projection: October 2022 - January 2023 (.kml) (KML)
Nigeria Acute Food Insecurity Classification (November 2020 - May 2021)

Forward-looking analysis representing the most likely food security outcomes for the near term (November 2020 - January 2021) and medium term (February 2021 - May 2021) periods.

Nigeria Acute Food Insecurity Classification Shapefile November 2020 (.zip) (ZIP) Nigeria Acute Food Insecurity Classification November 2020 (.geojson) (GeoJSON) Near Term Projection: November 2020 - January 2021 (.png) (PNG) Medium Term Projection: February 2021 - May 2021 (.png) (PNG) Near Term Projection: November 2020 - January 2021 (.kml) (KML) Medium Term Projection: February 2021 - May 2021 (.kml) (KML)
Seasonal Calendar Seasonal Calendar
Description

The Seasonal Calendar shows the annual and cyclical patterns of key food and income sources in a country throughout the typical year.

Nigeria Seasonal Calendar
Production & Trade Flow Maps
FEWS NET captures the market networks for a product in a given country or region, including their catchments and trade flow patterns.
Cassava, Normal Year Cowpea, Normal Year Livestock, Normal Year Maize, Normal Year Millet, Normal Year Sorghum, Normal Year
Remote Sensing Imagery Remote Sensing Imagery
Description

USGS-provided data and imagery supports FEWS NET's monitoring efforts of weather and climate throughout the world.

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Livelihood Zone Resources Livelihood Zone Resources
Revised Livelihoods Zone Map and Descriptions for Nigeria, September 2008 Nigeria Livelihood Zone Summaries, November 2014 Preliminary Livelihoods Zoning: Northern Nigeria, March 2007 Nigeria Livelihood Zone Map, September 2018
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