Mozambique

Pays où nous sommes présents
Juillet 2020

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3: Crisis
4: Emergencia
5: Hambruna
Se estima que seria al menos una fase peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
La manera de clasificación que utiliza FEWS NET es compatible con la CIF. Un análisisque es compatible con la CIF sigue los protocolos fundamentales de CIF pero nonecesariamente refleja el consenso de los socios nacionales en materia de seguridad alimentaria.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3+: Crisis o peor
Se estima que seria al menos una fase
peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
La manera de clasificación que utiliza FEWS NET es compatible con la CIF. Un análisisque es compatible con la CIF sigue los protocolos fundamentales de CIF pero nonecesariamente refleja el consenso de los socios nacionales en materia de seguridad alimentaria.
Para los países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza un contorno de color en el mapa CIF que representa la clasificación más alta de CIF en las áreas de preocupación.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

Países presenciales:
1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3: Crisis
4: Emergencia
5: Hambruna
Países de monitoreo remoto:
1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3+: Crisis o peor
Se estima que seria al menos una fase
peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
Para los países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza un contorno de color en el mapa CIF que representa la clasificación más alta de CIF en las áreas de preocupación.

IPC 2.0 Phase d'Insécurité Alimentaire Aiguë

1: Minimale
2: Stress
3: Crise
4: Urgence
5: Famine
Serait probablement pire, au moins une phase, sans l'assistance humanitaire en cours ou programmée
La manière de classification que FEWS NET utilise est compatible avec l’IPC. Une analyse qui est compatible avec l’IPC suit les principaux protocoles de l’IPC mais ne reflète pas nécessairement le consensus des partenaires nationaux en matière de sécurité alimentaire.

IPC 2.0 Phase d'Insécurité Alimentaire Aiguë

1: Minimale
2: Stress
3+: Crise ou pire
Serait probablement pire, au moins une phase, sans
l'assistance humanitaire en cours ou programmée
La manière de classification que FEWS NET utilise est compatible avec l’IPC. Une analyse qui est compatible avec l’IPC suit les principaux protocoles de l’IPC mais ne reflète pas nécessairement le consensus des partenaires nationaux en matière de sécurité alimentaire.
Pour les pays suivis à distance par FEWS NET, un contour coloré est utilisé pour représenter la classification de l’IPC la plus élevée dans les zones de préoccupation.

IPC 2.0 Phase d'Insécurité Alimentaire Aiguë

Pays de présence:
1: Minimale
2: Stress
3: Crise
4: Urgence
5: Famine
Pays suivis à distance:
1: Minimale
2: Stress
3+: Crise ou pire
Serait probablement pire, au moins une phase, sans
l'assistance humanitaire en cours ou programmée
Pour les pays suivis à distance par FEWS NET, un contour coloré est utilisé pour représenter la classification de l’IPC la plus élevée dans les zones de préoccupation.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurança Alimentar Aguda Baseado

1: Minima
2: Stress
3: Crise
4: Emergência
5: Fome
Poderia ser pior sem a assistência humanitária em vigor ou programad
A maneira de classificação que utiliza FEWS NET é compatível com a CIF. A análise compatível com a CIF segue os protocolos fundamentais da CIF mas não necessariamente reflete o consenso dos parceirosnacionais com respeito a segurança alimentar.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurança Alimentar Aguda Baseado

1: Minima
2: Stress
3+: Crise ou pior
Poderia ser pior sem a assistência
humanitária em vigor ou programad
A maneira de classificação que utiliza FEWS NET é compatível com a CIF. A análise compatível com a CIF segue os protocolos fundamentais da CIF mas não necessariamente reflete o consenso dos parceirosnacionais com respeito a segurança alimentar.
Para os países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza um contorno de cor no mapa CIF para representar a classificação mais alta da CIF nas áreas de preocupação.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurança Alimentar Aguda Baseado

Países com presença:
1: Minima
2: Stress
3: Crise
4: Emergência
5: Fome
Países sem presença:
1: Minima
2: Stress
3+: Crise ou pior
Poderia ser pior sem a assistência
humanitária em vigor ou programad
Para os países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza um contorno de cor no mapa CIF para representar a classificação mais alta da CIF nas áreas de preocupação.

Juillet - Septembre 2020

(IPC Phase 1) while southern Tete is Stressed. Sofala is mostly Stressed (IPC Phase 2). Southern Mozambique is mostly in Crisis (IPC Phase 3).

Octobre 2020 - Janvier 2021

Current food security outcomes in June 2020. Stressed (IPC Phase 2) and Crisis (IPC Phase 3)  in Cabo Delgado in the north, Minimal (IPC Phase 1) in Niassa, Nampula, and Zambezia. Northern Tete are Minimal (IPC Phase 1) while southern Tete is in Crisis (IPC Phase 3). Sofala is mostly Stressed (IPC Phase 2). Southern Mozambique is mostly in Crisis (IPC Phase 3).

IPC v3.0 Phase d'Insécurité Alimentaire Aiguë

1: Minimale
2: Stress
3: Crise
4: Urgence
5: Famine
Serait probablement pire, au moins une phase, sans l'assistance humanitaire en cours ou programmée
La manière de classification que FEWS NET utilise est compatible avec l’IPC. Une analyse qui est compatible avec l’IPC suit les principaux protocoles de l’IPC mais ne reflète pas nécessairement le consensus des partenaires nationaux en matière de sécurité alimentaire.
Messages clés
  • Second season production in southern and central Mozambique, which is primarily vegetables, is progressing well in lowland areas with adequate residual soil moisture. However, the second-season harvest is expected to be below average due to below-average residual soil moisture following below-average rainfall and the early cessation rains across the southern and central regions during the 2019/20 season. Second season vegetables are currently available for consumption and sale in local markets, helping to stabilize current food security outcomes; however, Stressed (IPC Phase 2) and Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes persist.

  • In June, the World Food Programme (WFP) provided humanitarian food assistance for approximately 193,500 people across Cabo Delgado, Nampula, Sofala, and Manica. Among these beneficiaries, ration sizes were roughly 80 percent for IDPs who are primarily located in Cabo Delgado. All other beneficiaries received roughly 60 percent of their food needs through humanitarian assistance. It is anticipated ongoing assistance is improving food security among beneficiaries; however, it is anticipated that levels of acute food insecurity, in particular in Cabo Delgado and southern Mozambique, exceed the distribution of assistance.

  • The National Directorate of Agri-Livestock Health and Biosafety (DNSAB) issued an alert for a possible outbreak of red grasshoppers and African migratory grasshoppers in Mecanhelas district in Niassa province near the Lake Chirua border region of Mozambique and Malawi. Currently, swarms of African migratory locusts are in Botswana but are likely migrating, with Mozambique at possible risk for invasion. DNSAB communicated that all provincial agricultural offices must be on High Alert and report any sightings to DNSAB so appropriate control measures can be undertaken. Although the summer harvesting season in the northern regions has been completed, the grasshoppers/locusts could pose a threat to any winter crops or livestock grazing areas.

  • As of July 30, 2020, Mozambique has 1,808 confirmed COVID-19 cases with a case-fatality rate of 0.7 percent. Although the Level 3 State of Emergency measures ended on July 29 after being extended three times as permitted by law, the government has urged all citizens to continue observing all Level 3 measures until a government announcement of new measures is issued. A phased reopening of schools by grade level will take place after schools undergo strict compliance of all prevention measures including having running water, soap or disinfectants, and a maximum of 20 students per class. After four months, the State of Emergency Level 3 measures continue to negatively impact income-earning opportunities, livelihood activities, and food access for many poor households, particularly in urban and peri-urban areas. Most have lost access to some income and are Stressed (IPC Phase 2), though worst-affected households are likely in Crisis (IPC Phase 3).

  • In June, maize grain prices showed mixed trends compared to May, with maize grain prices increasing by 15-37 percent in Chimoio, Gorongosa, and Mocuba in the central region, but decreasing in Pemba and Chókwe by 40 percent and 16 percent, respectively. Maize grain prices remained stable relative to May in Maputo and Tete, but are still 10-45 percent above the five-year average. Changes in maize grain prices are primarily being driven by the arrival of trucks to either buy or sell maize grain.

     

     

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Carte des zones de moyens d'existence
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About FEWS NET

Le Réseau des systèmes d’alerte précoce contre la famine est l’un des principaux prestataires d’alertes précoces et d’analyses de l’insécurité alimentaire. Constitué par l’USAID en 1985 pour aider les décideurs à planifier pour les crises humanitaires, FEWS NET fournit des analyses factuelles  concernant quelque 35 pays. Les membres des équipes de mise en œuvre incluent la NASA, la NOAA, le département américain de l ‘Agriculture (USDA) et le gouvernement des États-Unis (USGS), de même que Chemonics International Inc. et Kimetrica. Vous trouverez d’autres informations sur notre travail.

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