Key Message Update

Stable prices are maintaining stable food access compared to recent months

Novembre 2019

Novembre 2019 - Janvier 2020

Map of Projected food security outcomes, October 2019 to January 2020: Minimal (IPC Phase 1) in most of the country, Stressed (IPC Phase 2) in the far south: parts of Atsimo Andrefana, Androy, and Anosy; Stressed (IPC Phase 2!) in Androy, and Crisis (IPC Phase 3) in the south of Atsimo-Andrefana

Février - Mai 2020

Map of Projected food security outcomes, February to May 2020: Minimal (IPC Phase 1) in most of the country, Stressed (IPC Phase 2) in the far south: parts of Atsimo Andrefana, Androy, and Anosy; Stressed (IPC Phase 2!) in Androy, and Crisis (IPC Phase 3) in the south of Atsimo-Andrefana

IPC v3.0 Phase d'Insécurité Alimentaire Aiguë

1: Minimale
2: Stress
3: Crise
4: Urgence
5: Famine
Serait probablement pire, au moins une phase, sans l'assistance humanitaire en cours ou programmée
La manière de classification que FEWS NET utilise est compatible avec l’IPC. Une analyse qui est compatible avec l’IPC suit les principaux protocoles de l’IPC mais ne reflète pas nécessairement le consensus des partenaires nationaux en matière de sécurité alimentaire.

IPC v3.0 Phase d'Insécurité Alimentaire Aiguë

1: Minimale
2: Stress
3: Crise
4: Urgence
5: Famine
Serait probablement pire, au moins une phase, sans l'assistance humanitaire en cours ou programmée
La manière de classification que FEWS NET utilise est compatible avec l’IPC. Une analyse qui est compatible avec l’IPC suit les principaux protocoles de l’IPC mais ne reflète pas nécessairement le consensus des partenaires nationaux en matière de sécurité alimentaire.

IPC v3.0 Phase d'Insécurité Alimentaire Aiguë

1: Minimale
2: Stress
3+: Crise ou pire
Serait probablement pire, au moins une phase, sans
l'assistance humanitaire en cours ou programmée
La manière de classification que FEWS NET utilise est compatible avec l’IPC. Une analyse qui est compatible avec l’IPC suit les principaux protocoles de l’IPC mais ne reflète pas nécessairement le consensus des partenaires nationaux en matière de sécurité alimentaire.
Pour les pays suivis à distance par FEWS NET, un contour coloré est utilisé pour représenter la classification de l’IPC la plus élevée dans les zones de préoccupation.

IPC v3.0 Phase d'Insécurité Alimentaire Aiguë

Pays de présence:
1: Minimale
2: Stress
3: Crise
4: Urgence
5: Famine
Pays suivis à distance:
1: Minimale
2: Stress
3+: Crise ou pire
Serait probablement pire, au moins une phase, sans
l'assistance humanitaire en cours ou programmée
Pour les pays suivis à distance par FEWS NET, un contour coloré est utilisé pour représenter la classification de l’IPC la plus élevée dans les zones de préoccupation.

Messages clés

  • The rainy season has continued normally in the central highlands, allowing farmers to transplant water-fed rice and to sow upland rice, maize and pulses. Cropped area has increased in Vakinakaratra region and some maize crops are already ready to be harvested, with yields similar to last year. Rains are ongoing in the South but are cumulatively slightly below average, though enough to maintain normal development of cassava and maize crops.

  • Staple food access has remained stable in most of Madagascar in recent months, which has been positive for poor household foods both in rural and urban areas, except in Vangaindrano where prices are increasing atypically. Overall, rice and tuber prices are near to below last year’s prices because of increased household and market stocks at the end of the post-harvest period following a generally good harvest. Their prices are also average to below average in most markets, except in main cities throughout the country andin Ampanihy and in Vangaindrano. Maize prices remain higher than last year and the 5-year average, except in Tsihombe, Beloha, Antsirabe and Morondava where prices are 10 to 30 percent below average. No maize sales are currently reported in Ambovombe.

  • Cattle herd sizes havestabilized andno excessive sales have been reported. Livestock are generally in good health with normal body conditions due to the availability of green pastureland. On average at end November, cattle are being sold at 700,000 MGA per head in Betioky, which shows an unexpected increase of 25 percent compared to September. Meanwhile, prices of small ruminants, which poor households will likely sell first when their food stocks are depleted stabilized at 55,000 MGA for a goat and 60,000 MGA for a sheep.

  • Supplies of certain necessities such as fuel, electricity and drinking water were interrupted in Antananarivo, and subsequently other provinces at the beginning of November creating panic and discontent among consumers. It did not affect prices, but the State has planned to directly import necessities such as rice, oil, flour and fuel through a company called State Procurement of Madagascar, which is a public limited company. The objective of this initiative is to stop the price fluctuation and speculation of some importers. The first imports are expected by the end of 2019.

  • Most poor and very poor households in Androy Semi-Arid Cassava, Maize and Livestock (MG 24) and in Mahafaly Plain: Cassava, Goats and Cattle (MG 23) will remain in Stressed (IPC Phase 2), except in Ampanihy where very poor and poor households remain in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) because they have not yet recovered from the previous poor season.. Increasing food prices in Vangaindrano havehad a significant impact on food access for poor households who are experiencing Stressed (IPC Phase 2) as a result. Other households throughout Madagascar remain in Minimal (IPC Phase 1) acute food insecurity.

About FEWS NET

Le Réseau des systèmes d’alerte précoce contre la famine est l’un des principaux prestataires d’alertes précoces et d’analyses de l’insécurité alimentaire. Constitué par l’USAID en 1985 pour aider les décideurs à planifier pour les crises humanitaires, FEWS NET fournit des analyses factuelles  concernant quelque 35 pays. Les membres des équipes de mise en œuvre incluent la NASA, la NOAA, le département américain de l ‘Agriculture (USDA) et le gouvernement des États-Unis (USGS), de même que Chemonics International Inc. et Kimetrica. Vous trouverez d’autres informations sur notre travail.

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