Ouganda

Pays où nous sommes présents
Mai 2020

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3: Crisis
4: Emergencia
5: Hambruna
Se estima que seria al menos una fase peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
La manera de clasificación que utiliza FEWS NET es compatible con la CIF. Un análisisque es compatible con la CIF sigue los protocolos fundamentales de CIF pero nonecesariamente refleja el consenso de los socios nacionales en materia de seguridad alimentaria.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3+: Crisis o peor
Se estima que seria al menos una fase
peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
La manera de clasificación que utiliza FEWS NET es compatible con la CIF. Un análisisque es compatible con la CIF sigue los protocolos fundamentales de CIF pero nonecesariamente refleja el consenso de los socios nacionales en materia de seguridad alimentaria.
Para los países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza un contorno de color en el mapa CIF que representa la clasificación más alta de CIF en las áreas de preocupación.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

Países presenciales:
1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3: Crisis
4: Emergencia
5: Hambruna
Países de monitoreo remoto:
1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3+: Crisis o peor
Se estima que seria al menos una fase
peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
Para los países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza un contorno de color en el mapa CIF que representa la clasificación más alta de CIF en las áreas de preocupación.

IPC 2.0 Phase d'Insécurité Alimentaire Aiguë

1: Minimale
2: Stress
3: Crise
4: Urgence
5: Famine
Serait probablement pire, au moins une phase, sans l'assistance humanitaire en cours ou programmée
La manière de classification que FEWS NET utilise est compatible avec l’IPC. Une analyse qui est compatible avec l’IPC suit les principaux protocoles de l’IPC mais ne reflète pas nécessairement le consensus des partenaires nationaux en matière de sécurité alimentaire.

IPC 2.0 Phase d'Insécurité Alimentaire Aiguë

1: Minimale
2: Stress
3+: Crise ou pire
Serait probablement pire, au moins une phase, sans
l'assistance humanitaire en cours ou programmée
La manière de classification que FEWS NET utilise est compatible avec l’IPC. Une analyse qui est compatible avec l’IPC suit les principaux protocoles de l’IPC mais ne reflète pas nécessairement le consensus des partenaires nationaux en matière de sécurité alimentaire.
Pour les pays suivis à distance par FEWS NET, un contour coloré est utilisé pour représenter la classification de l’IPC la plus élevée dans les zones de préoccupation.

IPC 2.0 Phase d'Insécurité Alimentaire Aiguë

Pays de présence:
1: Minimale
2: Stress
3: Crise
4: Urgence
5: Famine
Pays suivis à distance:
1: Minimale
2: Stress
3+: Crise ou pire
Serait probablement pire, au moins une phase, sans
l'assistance humanitaire en cours ou programmée
Pour les pays suivis à distance par FEWS NET, un contour coloré est utilisé pour représenter la classification de l’IPC la plus élevée dans les zones de préoccupation.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurança Alimentar Aguda Baseado

1: Minima
2: Stress
3: Crise
4: Emergência
5: Fome
Poderia ser pior sem a assistência humanitária em vigor ou programad
A maneira de classificação que utiliza FEWS NET é compatível com a CIF. A análise compatível com a CIF segue os protocolos fundamentais da CIF mas não necessariamente reflete o consenso dos parceirosnacionais com respeito a segurança alimentar.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurança Alimentar Aguda Baseado

1: Minima
2: Stress
3+: Crise ou pior
Poderia ser pior sem a assistência
humanitária em vigor ou programad
A maneira de classificação que utiliza FEWS NET é compatível com a CIF. A análise compatível com a CIF segue os protocolos fundamentais da CIF mas não necessariamente reflete o consenso dos parceirosnacionais com respeito a segurança alimentar.
Para os países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza um contorno de cor no mapa CIF para representar a classificação mais alta da CIF nas áreas de preocupação.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurança Alimentar Aguda Baseado

Países com presença:
1: Minima
2: Stress
3: Crise
4: Emergência
5: Fome
Países sem presença:
1: Minima
2: Stress
3+: Crise ou pior
Poderia ser pior sem a assistência
humanitária em vigor ou programad
Para os países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza um contorno de cor no mapa CIF para representar a classificação mais alta da CIF nas áreas de preocupação.

Mai 2020

Juin - Septembre 2020

IPC v3.0 Phase d'Insécurité Alimentaire Aiguë

1: Minimale
2: Stress
3: Crise
4: Urgence
5: Famine
Parcs et Réserves
Serait probablement pire, au moins une phase, sans l'assistance humanitaire en cours ou programmée
Concentration de personnes déplacées
La manière de classification que FEWS NET utilise est compatible avec l’IPC. Une analyse qui est compatible avec l’IPC suit les principaux protocoles de l’IPC mais ne reflète pas nécessairement le consensus des partenaires nationaux en matière de sécurité alimentaire.
Messages clés
  • In May, Stressed (IPC Phase 2) outcomes are likely in areas where floods or landslides have caused widespread destruction of household assets and disruption to livelihoods. Stressed (IPC Phase 2) outcomes are also likely in many urban areas, where COVID-19 movement restrictions continue to constrain household income sources and reduce household purchasing power. In Karamoja, Stressed (IPC Phase 2) outcomes are driven not only by seasonally low household food stocks, but also by cattle raiding and by movement restrictions that have closed school feeding programs and have led to reductions in both household income from livestock sales and casual labor. An atypically high number of people are likely in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) due to the economic impacts of COVID-19 on their income sources.

  • Moderate to locally heavy rainfall in late April and early May caused widespread floods across Uganda, including around Lake Victoria, Lake Albert, and Lake Kyoga and in southern Karamoja. Lake Victoria’s water levels are the highest on the 60-year record. According to government sources, the floods have displaced an estimated 24,335 people and affected 176,620 people, in addition to destroying homes, crops, and infrastructure and disrupting livelihoods activities. In areas not affected by floods, cumulative March to May rainfall ranges from average to above average, but rainfall distribution has been relatively erratic from week to week.

  • In areas where floods were widespread, including Kasese, Bundibugyo, and Ntoroko, crop losses are likely to result in below-average first season harvests at the district level in May/June. Outside of the flood-affected areas, remote sensing imagery and rainfall distribution data suggest typical crop growth in southern Uganda, where green consumption of legumes and maize is already improving food availability. However, crop production prospects in central to northern Uganda are more uncertain and will depend on rainfall performance in June. According to information from FAO and key informants, desert locust swarms have declined in size due to control measures and/or onward migration and pose a declining threat to crop production and pasture in the northeast. Impacts are most likely to be localized in scale.

  • Movement restrictions to curb the spread of COVID-19 have been in place since March 18th, with 317 cases confirmed as of May 29th. Although some measures have been eased to permit limited economic activity, many poor urban households that rely on daily wages continue to face difficulty purchasing their minimum food needs due to a reduction or loss of income. With limited coping strategies available to expand their food or income sources, many households are reducing the quantity and dietary quality of daily meals. Although the government previously announced plans to distribute food assistance to 1.5 million people in Kampala, information on the actual number of beneficiaries and ration size (cash or in-kind) remains difficult to obtain and verify.

  • In April, the retail price of staple foods such as maize, sorghum, and cassava declined to near-average levels after panic buying caused price spikes in mid-to late March after the onset of COVID-19 preventative measures. A decline in aggregate demand resulting from lower institutional purchases and lower household purchasing power is offsetting the impact of some supply chain disruptions, which are attributed to enhanced screenings of imported food commodities and reduced informal trader activity. In addition, recent harvests of sweet potatoes, bananas, and cassava have contributed to stabilized prices. However, the retail price of 1 kg of beans rose by 10-20 percent on average across key reference markets from March to April and was 35-45 percent higher on average compared to the previous year. These trends are expected to continue until first season harvests replenish supplies in June.

  • Given the closure of international borders, UNHCR/OPM registered only 199 and 45 new births among South Sudan and DRC in-country refugees, respectively. There were no new arrivals in April, unlike in March when 1,399 and 2,691 new refugees arrived, respectively. As of April 30, Uganda hosted a total of 1,423,740 refugees. Movement restrictions are expected to remain in place in border districts hosting large refugee populations beyond June. Given a protracted reduction in their ability to earn income and the concurrent 30 percent cut to food assistance rations, refugee households are expected to increase their reliance on negative coping strategies or face food consumptions gaps. With further ration cuts anticipated in July if funding is not secured, Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes are expected to emerge in refugee settlements by July/August. Acute malnutrition levels are also likely to rise.

Moyens d’existence

Livelihoods Zone Narrative

Carte des zones de moyens d'existence

About FEWS NET

Le Réseau des systèmes d’alerte précoce contre la famine est l’un des principaux prestataires d’alertes précoces et d’analyses de l’insécurité alimentaire. Constitué par l’USAID en 1985 pour aider les décideurs à planifier pour les crises humanitaires, FEWS NET fournit des analyses factuelles  concernant quelque 35 pays. Les membres des équipes de mise en œuvre incluent la NASA, la NOAA, le département américain de l ‘Agriculture (USDA) et le gouvernement des États-Unis (USGS), de même que Chemonics International Inc. et Kimetrica. Vous trouverez d’autres informations sur notre travail.

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