Kenya

Pays où nous sommes présents
Mars 2021

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3: Crisis
4: Emergencia
5: Hambruna
Se estima que seria al menos una fase peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
La manera de clasificación que utiliza FEWS NET es compatible con la CIF. Un análisisque es compatible con la CIF sigue los protocolos fundamentales de CIF pero nonecesariamente refleja el consenso de los socios nacionales en materia de seguridad alimentaria.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3+: Crisis o peor
Se estima que seria al menos una fase
peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
La manera de clasificación que utiliza FEWS NET es compatible con la CIF. Un análisisque es compatible con la CIF sigue los protocolos fundamentales de CIF pero nonecesariamente refleja el consenso de los socios nacionales en materia de seguridad alimentaria.
Para los países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza un contorno de color en el mapa CIF que representa la clasificación más alta de CIF en las áreas de preocupación.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

Países presenciales:
1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3: Crisis
4: Emergencia
5: Hambruna
Países de monitoreo remoto:
1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3+: Crisis o peor
Se estima que seria al menos una fase
peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
Para los países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza un contorno de color en el mapa CIF que representa la clasificación más alta de CIF en las áreas de preocupación.

IPC 2.0 Phase d'Insécurité Alimentaire Aiguë

1: Minimale
2: Stress
3: Crise
4: Urgence
5: Famine
Serait probablement pire, au moins une phase, sans l'assistance humanitaire en cours ou programmée
La manière de classification que FEWS NET utilise est compatible avec l’IPC. Une analyse qui est compatible avec l’IPC suit les principaux protocoles de l’IPC mais ne reflète pas nécessairement le consensus des partenaires nationaux en matière de sécurité alimentaire.

IPC 2.0 Phase d'Insécurité Alimentaire Aiguë

1: Minimale
2: Stress
3+: Crise ou pire
Serait probablement pire, au moins une phase, sans
l'assistance humanitaire en cours ou programmée
La manière de classification que FEWS NET utilise est compatible avec l’IPC. Une analyse qui est compatible avec l’IPC suit les principaux protocoles de l’IPC mais ne reflète pas nécessairement le consensus des partenaires nationaux en matière de sécurité alimentaire.
Pour les pays suivis à distance par FEWS NET, un contour coloré est utilisé pour représenter la classification de l’IPC la plus élevée dans les zones de préoccupation.

IPC 2.0 Phase d'Insécurité Alimentaire Aiguë

Pays de présence:
1: Minimale
2: Stress
3: Crise
4: Urgence
5: Famine
Pays suivis à distance:
1: Minimale
2: Stress
3+: Crise ou pire
Serait probablement pire, au moins une phase, sans
l'assistance humanitaire en cours ou programmée
Pour les pays suivis à distance par FEWS NET, un contour coloré est utilisé pour représenter la classification de l’IPC la plus élevée dans les zones de préoccupation.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurança Alimentar Aguda Baseado

1: Minima
2: Stress
3: Crise
4: Emergência
5: Fome
Poderia ser pior sem a assistência humanitária em vigor ou programad
A maneira de classificação que utiliza FEWS NET é compatível com a CIF. A análise compatível com a CIF segue os protocolos fundamentais da CIF mas não necessariamente reflete o consenso dos parceirosnacionais com respeito a segurança alimentar.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurança Alimentar Aguda Baseado

1: Minima
2: Stress
3+: Crise ou pior
Poderia ser pior sem a assistência
humanitária em vigor ou programad
A maneira de classificação que utiliza FEWS NET é compatível com a CIF. A análise compatível com a CIF segue os protocolos fundamentais da CIF mas não necessariamente reflete o consenso dos parceirosnacionais com respeito a segurança alimentar.
Para os países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza um contorno de cor no mapa CIF para representar a classificação mais alta da CIF nas áreas de preocupação.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurança Alimentar Aguda Baseado

Países com presença:
1: Minima
2: Stress
3: Crise
4: Emergência
5: Fome
Países sem presença:
1: Minima
2: Stress
3+: Crise ou pior
Poderia ser pior sem a assistência
humanitária em vigor ou programad
Para os países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza um contorno de cor no mapa CIF para representar a classificação mais alta da CIF nas áreas de preocupação.

Mars - Mai 2021

Juin - Septembre 2021

IPC v3.0 Phase d'Insécurité Alimentaire Aiguë

1: Minimale
2: Stress
3: Crise
4: Urgence
5: Famine
Concentration de personnes déplacées
Serait probablement pire, au moins une phase, sans l'assistance humanitaire en cours ou programmée
La manière de classification que FEWS NET utilise est compatible avec l’IPC. Une analyse qui est compatible avec l’IPC suit les principaux protocoles de l’IPC mais ne reflète pas nécessairement le consensus des partenaires nationaux en matière de sécurité alimentaire.
Messages clés
  • The start of the March to May long rains is largely delayed and below-average across most of Kenya. By March 25, there are seasonal rainfall accumulation anomalies of 10-50 mm across southern and central Kenya, with localized western and southern areas recording deficits of 50-100 mm. Across pastoral and marginal agricultural areas, rainfall through March has largely been average but is expected to be cumulatively below-average in April and May based on available climate forecasts. The long rains are likely to peak in April, with an early cessation in May.

  • In pastoral areas, vegetation in the northwestern and northern zones is over 105 percent of the median NDVI, according to satellite data. In contrast, vegetation is 70-90 percent of median NDVI in the eastern and northeastern pastoral areas but is expected to improve through the long rains. Deteriorating forage and water resources are driving an increase in return trekking distances for domestic and livestock water needs, according to February NDMA sentinel site data. Livestock body conditions are declining but were ‘good’ to ‘fair’ in Garissa, Isiolo, and Marsabit, ‘fair’ to ‘poor’ across other counties, and ‘poor’ in Turkana. Goat prices in February were average to 23 percent above average across most monitored markets supported by limited market supply. However, in Turkana, goat prices were 20 percent below average due to poor body conditions. The declining livestock body conditions and increased migration limit household food and income, driving Stressed (IPC Phase 2) and Crisis (IPC Phase 3) area-level outcomes. 

  • Land preparation is underway for the 2021 March to May long rains season in the marginal agricultural areas. Wet planting is yet to start following the delayed onset of rainfall. Household food stocks from the recent below-average short rains harvests continue to support household food access while reducing market reliance to typical levels. However, household income from crop sales and agricultural waged labor opportunities remain below average, constraining access to non-food items and sustaining Stressed (IPC Phase 2) outcomes.

  • Urban poor households continue to face constrained access to food and purchasing capacities due to constrained incomes and labor opportunities driven largely by below-average economic activity and the COVID-19 restrictions. Poor urban households in Nairobi, Mombasa, and Kisumu are likely to continue facing Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes and engaging in crisis-coping strategies such as reducing non-food expenses like healthcare to meet their minimum food needs. The worst-affected households in the Mukuru and Dandora informal settlements of Nairobi continue to engage in coping strategies indicative of Emergency (IPC Phase 4).

  • In February, maize prices ranged between average to 19 percent below average, driven by the availability of the 2020 October to December short rains and production in the high and medium production areas of western Kenya and the North Rift and increased regional cross-border imports from Uganda.  However, maize prices were 16-20 percent above average in Garissa and Mandera due to low market supply from COVID-19 restrictions and border closures with Ethiopia and Somalia. Bean prices ranged from average in Taita Taveta and Mombasa to 29 percent above average in the rest of the monitored markets following the three consecutive below-average seasons.

  • According to FAO reports, desert locust swarms were recorded in mid-March between Mt. Kenya and the Rift Valley in Nyandarua, Nakuru, and Baringo counties. However, the number of swarms has continued to decline due to ongoing control operations. Additionally, the below-average rainfall through March is limiting desert locust maturation and breeding. Overall, the scale of breeding and resultant destruction is expected to be substantially less than in 2020.

  • Following a steep rise in confirmed COVID-19 cases and daily test positivity rates of up to 22 percent, COVID-19 control measures were extended for an additional 60 days on March 12. On March 26, a cessation of movement except for international travel was imposed on Nairobi, Kajiado, Kiambu, Machakos, and Nakuru counties in addition to an 8 pm to 4 am curfew, along with a suspension of public gatherings and functions, in-person classes, sporting and recreational activities, and restrictions on alcohol sales. The extension of the COVID-19 control measures across Kenya and the additional measures in the five-county containment zone is expected to raise staple food prices and reduce economic activity and household purchasing power, particularly for urban households and market-dependent rural households. Approximately 130,575 people, mainly health workers, security personnel, teachers, and people over 58 years of age, have been vaccinated since the start of COVID-19 vaccine distribution in mid-March. Humanitarian agencies are also conducting sensitization training to promote vaccine uptake.  

  • Due to a funding deficit of about 61 million USD, WFP has reduced food rations to 60 percent for around 420,000 refugees, reducing household food availability. Area-level Stressed! (IPC Phase 2!) outcomes are likely as households rely on income from petty trade and causal labor to fill consumption gaps. On March 24, the government issued a 14-day ultimatum to UNHCR to close the Dadaab and Kakuma refugee camps, citing security concerns. UNHCR seeks to work with the government to implement long-term and sustainable solutions such as voluntary returns, third-country solutions such as resettlement, sponsorships, family reunifications, labor migration, and relocations within Kenya.

Food Security

Kenya Food Security Classification (March 2021 - September 2021)

Near term (March 2021 - May 2021) food security outcomes and forward-looking analysis representing the most likely food security outcomes for medium term (June 2021 - September 2021) periods.

Downloads

Moyens d’existence

Livelihoods Zone Narrative

Livelihood Zone Map

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About FEWS NET

Le Réseau des systèmes d’alerte précoce contre la famine est l’un des principaux prestataires d’alertes précoces et d’analyses de l’insécurité alimentaire. Constitué par l’USAID en 1985 pour aider les décideurs à planifier pour les crises humanitaires, FEWS NET fournit des analyses factuelles  concernant quelque 35 pays. Les membres des équipes de mise en œuvre incluent la NASA, la NOAA, le département américain de l ‘Agriculture (USDA) et le gouvernement des États-Unis (USGS), de même que Chemonics International Inc. et Kimetrica. Vous trouverez d’autres informations sur notre travail.

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