Ethiopie

Pays où nous sommes présents
Mars 2021

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3: Crisis
4: Emergencia
5: Hambruna
Se estima que seria al menos una fase peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
La manera de clasificación que utiliza FEWS NET es compatible con la CIF. Un análisisque es compatible con la CIF sigue los protocolos fundamentales de CIF pero nonecesariamente refleja el consenso de los socios nacionales en materia de seguridad alimentaria.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3+: Crisis o peor
Se estima que seria al menos una fase
peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
La manera de clasificación que utiliza FEWS NET es compatible con la CIF. Un análisisque es compatible con la CIF sigue los protocolos fundamentales de CIF pero nonecesariamente refleja el consenso de los socios nacionales en materia de seguridad alimentaria.
Para los países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza un contorno de color en el mapa CIF que representa la clasificación más alta de CIF en las áreas de preocupación.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

Países presenciales:
1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3: Crisis
4: Emergencia
5: Hambruna
Países de monitoreo remoto:
1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3+: Crisis o peor
Se estima que seria al menos una fase
peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
Para los países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza un contorno de color en el mapa CIF que representa la clasificación más alta de CIF en las áreas de preocupación.

IPC 2.0 Phase d'Insécurité Alimentaire Aiguë

1: Minimale
2: Stress
3: Crise
4: Urgence
5: Famine
Serait probablement pire, au moins une phase, sans l'assistance humanitaire en cours ou programmée
La manière de classification que FEWS NET utilise est compatible avec l’IPC. Une analyse qui est compatible avec l’IPC suit les principaux protocoles de l’IPC mais ne reflète pas nécessairement le consensus des partenaires nationaux en matière de sécurité alimentaire.

IPC 2.0 Phase d'Insécurité Alimentaire Aiguë

1: Minimale
2: Stress
3+: Crise ou pire
Serait probablement pire, au moins une phase, sans
l'assistance humanitaire en cours ou programmée
La manière de classification que FEWS NET utilise est compatible avec l’IPC. Une analyse qui est compatible avec l’IPC suit les principaux protocoles de l’IPC mais ne reflète pas nécessairement le consensus des partenaires nationaux en matière de sécurité alimentaire.
Pour les pays suivis à distance par FEWS NET, un contour coloré est utilisé pour représenter la classification de l’IPC la plus élevée dans les zones de préoccupation.

IPC 2.0 Phase d'Insécurité Alimentaire Aiguë

Pays de présence:
1: Minimale
2: Stress
3: Crise
4: Urgence
5: Famine
Pays suivis à distance:
1: Minimale
2: Stress
3+: Crise ou pire
Serait probablement pire, au moins une phase, sans
l'assistance humanitaire en cours ou programmée
Pour les pays suivis à distance par FEWS NET, un contour coloré est utilisé pour représenter la classification de l’IPC la plus élevée dans les zones de préoccupation.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurança Alimentar Aguda Baseado

1: Minima
2: Stress
3: Crise
4: Emergência
5: Fome
Poderia ser pior sem a assistência humanitária em vigor ou programad
A maneira de classificação que utiliza FEWS NET é compatível com a CIF. A análise compatível com a CIF segue os protocolos fundamentais da CIF mas não necessariamente reflete o consenso dos parceirosnacionais com respeito a segurança alimentar.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurança Alimentar Aguda Baseado

1: Minima
2: Stress
3+: Crise ou pior
Poderia ser pior sem a assistência
humanitária em vigor ou programad
A maneira de classificação que utiliza FEWS NET é compatível com a CIF. A análise compatível com a CIF segue os protocolos fundamentais da CIF mas não necessariamente reflete o consenso dos parceirosnacionais com respeito a segurança alimentar.
Para os países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza um contorno de cor no mapa CIF para representar a classificação mais alta da CIF nas áreas de preocupação.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurança Alimentar Aguda Baseado

Países com presença:
1: Minima
2: Stress
3: Crise
4: Emergência
5: Fome
Países sem presença:
1: Minima
2: Stress
3+: Crise ou pior
Poderia ser pior sem a assistência
humanitária em vigor ou programad
Para os países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza um contorno de cor no mapa CIF para representar a classificação mais alta da CIF nas áreas de preocupação.

Mars - Mai 2021

Juin - Septembre 2021

IPC v3.0 Phase d'Insécurité Alimentaire Aiguë

1: Minimale
2: Stress
3: Crise
4: Urgence
5: Famine
Serait probablement pire, au moins une phase, sans l'assistance humanitaire en cours ou programmée
La manière de classification que FEWS NET utilise est compatible avec l’IPC. Une analyse qui est compatible avec l’IPC suit les principaux protocoles de l’IPC mais ne reflète pas nécessairement le consensus des partenaires nationaux en matière de sécurité alimentaire.
Messages clés
  • The continued conflict and state of emergency in Tigray Region are driving low levels of economic activity and continued displacement. According to OCHA, levels of displacement continue to increase across the region, most notably in Shire, with 1,000 people arriving in Shire town daily, mainly from western Tigray. However, labor migration – which is typically a critical income source among poor households at this time of year – remains significantly limited, due to constraints on population movement. Marginal improvements in market functioning and economic activity have been observed in March, according to ground reports; however, low income and high food prices continue to constrain food access. According to the Ethiopian government, humanitarian assistance has been distributed to over 4 million people as of mid-March. However, continued access constraints, especially in remote areas, along with insecurity, which limits population movement, and imprecise targeting, are likely limiting the reach of assistance. Given that current conditions are likely to continue, with limited household income and difficulty accessing all populations in need of assistance, widespread Crisis (IPC Phase 3) and Emergency (IPC Phase 4) outcomes are expected to persist through at least September across much of Tigray. It is vital that humanitarian access constraints be resolved and large-scale assistance - including food, nutrition, and WASH - be delivered. This assistance is needed to prevent households from facing extreme food consumption gaps and avert excess mortality and associated high levels of acute malnutrition. 

  • The poor start to the belg season is negatively impacting agricultural activities in southern areas of Tigray. In the rest of Tigray, which depends on June to September kiremt rainfall for production, rainfall has yet to start. Kiremt rainfall is expected to start on time in June, with above-average rainfall most likely. This is expected to facilitate household engagement in agricultural activities; however, some disruption to typical agricultural activities is likely due to conflict and constrained access to agricultural inputs, which will likely undermine cultivation for the upcoming meher harvest. Assuming some agricultural activities occur and the forecast for favorable kiremt rainfall holds, continued large-scale assistance is needed through at least September, after which households will likely start consuming foods from own production. Although, if households are unable to engage in agricultural activities for the 2021 season, large-scale assistance will need to be sustained beyond the projection period.

  • Belg rainfall has been significantly below average across most areas, with rainfall yet to start in some belg receiving-areas of Amhara, Tigray, Oromia, and the Rift Valley of SNNPR. According to remote sensing imagery, cumulative belg rainfall is only 25 to 50 percent of average in some areas. Due to the poor rainfall, engagement in land preparation and planting is well below average. In areas of Amhara and Tigray, seeds planted in dry soil prior to the start of rainfall have failed due to inadequate rainfall. Additionally, gu rainfall has yet to start in some southern and southeastern pastoral areas. If belg or gu rains do not begin in the coming weeks, there is an increased risk of crop failure and minimal pasture development.

  • Southern and southeastern pastoral areas are facing a shortage of pasture, browse, and water as rainfall has yet to begin. While some improvement in pasture and water availability is anticipated with the start of the gu, pasture and water availability are expected to remain low with the forecast below-average rainfall. This is expected to lead to higher-than-normal livestock migration immediately following the gu and persisting through the hagaa (August to September dry season). The atypical livestock migration will likely drive a decline in livestock body conditions and milk production. Due to consecutive poor seasons and continued below-normal livestock productivity and below-average purchasing power, Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes are expected among many poor households.

  • Many areas of eastern Oromia, areas within the Rift Valley in SNNPR, eastern Amhara, and Afar are in Crisis (IPC Phase 3). This is due to many poor households having little to no food stocks and being market reliant but with below-average purchasing power. The poor start of the belg season is leading to continued low agricultural labor opportunities. Moreover, sporadic conflict in Oromia, Amhara, and a few other areas of the country has also contributed to the decline in labor income in areas affected by conflict. In addition, the low market value of livestock in Afar, coupled with high food prices, is driving low household purchasing power.

  • Prices of most staple foods are significantly higher than last year and the five-year average, primarily due to the below-average 2020 meher harvest and poor macroeconomic conditions marked by a high annual inflation rate. According to the Ethiopian Trade and Business Corporation, maize prices in February in the central market, Addis Ababa, increased by 11 percent since January and are nearly 100 percent higher than the last five-year average. According to the Amhara regional DRM, in Woldia market, sorghum prices in February were nearly 20 percent above the same time last year and over 50 percent above the five-year average.

Food Security

Ethiopia Food Security Classification (March 2021 - September 2021)

Near term (March 2021 - May 2021) food security outcomes and forward-looking analysis representing the most likely food security outcomes for medium term (June 2021 - September 2021) periods.

Downloads

Moyens d’existence

Livelihoods Zone Narrative

About FEWS NET

Le Réseau des systèmes d’alerte précoce contre la famine est l’un des principaux prestataires d’alertes précoces et d’analyses de l’insécurité alimentaire. Constitué par l’USAID en 1985 pour aider les décideurs à planifier pour les crises humanitaires, FEWS NET fournit des analyses factuelles  concernant quelque 35 pays. Les membres des équipes de mise en œuvre incluent la NASA, la NOAA, le département américain de l ‘Agriculture (USDA) et le gouvernement des États-Unis (USGS), de même que Chemonics International Inc. et Kimetrica. Vous trouverez d’autres informations sur notre travail.

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