Informe especial

Nigeria Market Monitoring Report

Octubre 2019

CIF v3.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3: Crisis
4: Emergencia
5: Hambruna
Concentración de personas desplazadas
Riesgo de hambruna elevado – la fase 5 no se puede ni confirmar ni invalidar con las pruebas disponibles
Se estima que seria al menos una fase peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
La manera de clasificación que utiliza FEWS NET es compatible con la CIF. Un análisisque es compatible con la CIF sigue los protocolos fundamentales de CIF pero nonecesariamente refleja el consenso de los socios nacionales en materia de seguridad alimentaria.

CIF v3.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3+: Crisis o peor
Se estima que seria al menos una fase
peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
La manera de clasificación que utiliza FEWS NET es compatible con la CIF. Un análisisque es compatible con la CIF sigue los protocolos fundamentales de CIF pero nonecesariamente refleja el consenso de los socios nacionales en materia de seguridad alimentaria.
Para los países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza un contorno de color en el mapa CIF que representa la clasificación más alta de CIF en las áreas de preocupación.

CIF v3.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

Países presenciales:
1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3: Crisis
4: Emergencia
5: Hambruna
Concentración de personas desplazadas
Países de monitoreo remoto:
1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3+: Crisis o peor
Se estima que seria al menos una fase
peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
Para los países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza un contorno de color en el mapa CIF que representa la clasificación más alta de CIF en las áreas de preocupación.

In June 2016, FEWS NET released an alert describing the national and regional implications of declining global crude oil prices on the Nigerian economy and subsequent currency depreciation since 2015. Within the context of this national economic shock, more than 3 million people in Northeast Nigeria already face significant food insecurity due to the Boko-Haram conflict. The Nigeria Market Monitoring Bulletin provides a summary of emerging market trends in Nigeria and the broader region.

Mensajes clave

  • Nigeria’s macroeconomic indicators continue to improve. Gross domestic product (GDP) expanded while the national consumer price index (CPI) has been steady or decreasing in recent months. Global crude oil prices have declined slightly but remain steady and Nigerian foreign exchange reserves remain above USD 43 billion. 

  • Nigeria’s trade balance remained positive through Q2 2019. Crude oil represented between 86 percent of total exports. Formal Inter-bank and informal Bureau de Change NGN/USD rates have remained steady. 

  • Land borders were closed by the Government of Nigeria (GoN) on August 20, 2019 and remain completely closed. Seaports and airports are open and functioning as normal, though the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) maintains the list of 41 prohibited items, ineligible for foreign exchange reserves. Closing land borders and restricting imports is aimed at minimizing smuggling and illegal activities of kidnappers and armed groups who operate along border communities as well as to protect domestic industry and encourage local production.

  • The lean season (July to September) was atypical this year, especially in the north, with staple prices remaining either stable or declining from month to month. Staple food prices are relatively lower than last year and the five-year average in monitored markets. Prices will continue to decline further as the main harvest intensifies through December. Prices of imported commodities, which are commonly imported informally including imported rice, will increase due to limited supplies with border closings.

  • Prices in northeast Nigeria are relatively higher than the rest of the country due to relatively higher demand and lower supply. Market functionality remains constrained by poor transport infrastructure and insecurity. However, staple food prices have decreased marginally, as evidenced by the WFP transfer value, based on the cost of the Survival Minimum Expenditure Basket (SMEB), decreased since January in both Maiduguri and Damaturu. 

About FEWS NET

La Red de Sistemas de Alerta Temprana contra la Hambruna es un proveedor de primera línea de alertas tempranas y análisis sobre la inseguridad alimentaria. Creada por la USAID en 1985 con el fin de ayudar a los responsables de tomar decisiones a prever crisis humanitarias, FEWS NET proporciona análisis asentados en evidencia sobre unos 35 países. Entre los integrantes del equipo ejecutor figuran la NASA, NOAA, USDA y el USGS, así como Chemonics International Inc. y Kimetrica. Lea más sobre nuestro trabajo.

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