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The Livelihood Zone Map for Guinea is the result of a workshop in October 2016, it updates the livelihood zone map produced in June 2013.
A livelihood zone is an area within which people share broadly the same pattern of livelihood, including options for obtaining food and income and market opportunities. A livelihood zoning is essential for the following reasons:
- It provides geographic orientation of livelihood systems to inform food security analysis and assistance targeting
- It provides the basis for identifying geographically relevant food security monitoring indicators
- It provides a sampling frame for future on-the-ground assessments
Livelihood patterns clearly vary from one geographic area to another, which is why the preparation of a Livelihood Zone Map is a logical first step for livelihoods-based analysis.
The following eleven (11) livelihood zones are established for Guinea:
- GN01 - Coastal: Rice, Fishing, Palm oil
- GN02 - Piedmont: Rice, Groundnut, Horticulture
- GN03 - Central plateau: Horticulture, Fonio, Livestock
- GN04 - Mountain: Livestock, Fonio, Groundnut
- GN05 - Mountain : Rice, Livestock, Fonio
- GN06 - Northern plateau: Rice, Groundnut, Livestock
- GN07 - Savannah with shrubs: Rice, Gold mining, Livestock
- GN08 - Northeast: Maize, Gold mining, Livestock
- GN09 - Wooded savannah: Rice, Manioc, Groundnut
- GN10 - Pre-forest zone: Rice, Manioc, Livestock
- GN11 - Forest: Rice, Palm oil, Coffee
Livelihood Zone Map illustrates the country by zone, showing areas where people generally have the same options for obtaining food and income and engaging in trade.