Key Message Update

Rainfall deficits in southern Madagascar limit harvests, driving higher food assistance needs

Marzo 2020

CIF v3.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3: Crisis
4: Emergencia
5: Hambruna
Se estima que seria al menos una fase peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
La manera de clasificación que utiliza FEWS NET es compatible con la CIF. Un análisisque es compatible con la CIF sigue los protocolos fundamentales de CIF pero nonecesariamente refleja el consenso de los socios nacionales en materia de seguridad alimentaria.

CIF v3.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3: Crisis
4: Emergencia
5: Hambruna
Se estima que seria al menos una fase peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
La manera de clasificación que utiliza FEWS NET es compatible con la CIF. Un análisisque es compatible con la CIF sigue los protocolos fundamentales de CIF pero nonecesariamente refleja el consenso de los socios nacionales en materia de seguridad alimentaria.

CIF v3.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3+: Crisis o peor
Se estima que seria al menos una fase
peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
La manera de clasificación que utiliza FEWS NET es compatible con la CIF. Un análisisque es compatible con la CIF sigue los protocolos fundamentales de CIF pero nonecesariamente refleja el consenso de los socios nacionales en materia de seguridad alimentaria.
Para los países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza un contorno de color en el mapa CIF que representa la clasificación más alta de CIF en las áreas de preocupación.

CIF v3.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

Países presenciales:
1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3: Crisis
4: Emergencia
5: Hambruna
Países de monitoreo remoto:
1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3+: Crisis o peor
Se estima que seria al menos una fase
peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
Para los países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza un contorno de color en el mapa CIF que representa la clasificación más alta de CIF en las áreas de preocupación.

Mensajes clave

  • Suppressed rainfall since the end of 2019 has resulted in abnormal dryness and drought in southern Madagascar. Vegetation and water availability have deteriorated and crop losses, including that of rice, cassava, and corn, have been reported. Compared to the same period in 2019, conditions are drier currently, noted by a decrease in the availability of pasture and drinking water for animals. Relatively large-scale, abnormal herd movements have been observed from northern Amboasary to the coastal south or along rivers. Furthermore, a 70 to 150 percent increase in the price of the 20-liter can of water was reported between January and March in rural areas of Ambovombe district.

  • As a result of below-normal harvests, food access in the South is deteriorating. Maize prices have continued to atypically increase since December 2019 in the districts of Ampanihy and Tsihombe. Similarly, the price of dried cassava, the most consumed staple in southern livelihood zones, increased significantly throughout March due to exhausted stocks and fewer substitute products. Humanitarian assistance has increased in the South during the ongoing lean season. Government and humanitarian actors assisted more than 500,000 persons from December 2019 to March 2020 with food and nutrition assistance through emergency interventions in the South.

  • In many areas of the far south, Stressed (IPC Phase 2) outcomes currently exist and are anticipated to continue even in the post-harvest period, through September, due primarily to below average harvests. Outcomes are more severe in Ampanihy, though, where many poor households lack access to staples and are dependent on consumption of less nutrition wild foods. In this district, Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes are likely through the May, though improvement to Stressed (IPC Phase 2) is expected in June. In the Extreme South (MG 24), Stressed! (IPC Phase 2!) outcomes are likely through May, as large-scale humanitarian food assistance is preventing worse outcomes. Elsewhere in the country, no major shocks are anticipated to negatively affect food security and Minimal (IPC Phase 1) outcomes are likely throughout the projection period.

  • In the northeastern Maroansetra district, Cyclone Herold, which hit northeast Madagascar during the second week of March, caused flooding of rice fields. The flooding damaged stocks and is expected to lead to below-average rice harvests in the zone. As a result, the district is anticipated to face Stressed (IPC Phase 2) outcomes during the March to May lean season, but improvement to Minimal (IPC Phase 1) is expected come June with increased access to food as staple food supplies increase.  

  • Madagascar reported its first COVID-19 cases on March 20. As of March 26, 23 cases have been confirmed. International travel restrictions are in place and the government has enacted measures to limit the use of public transportation to control population movement, as well as some transportation of food and goods into urban centers. Populations, mainly in Antananarivo and Tamatave, the main port city, have been placed under confinement for 15 days, limiting the movement of people and goods. Food prices in Antananarivo increased on March 21, when demand sharply increased; fruit, vegetable, and meat prices doubled, while rice prices increased about 15 percent, within a week. Despite these initial price increases and movement restrictions, the government is expected to increasingly allow for the transportation of food and goods into urban areas to ensure availability.

About FEWS NET

La Red de Sistemas de Alerta Temprana contra la Hambruna es un proveedor de primera línea de alertas tempranas y análisis sobre la inseguridad alimentaria. Creada por la USAID en 1985 con el fin de ayudar a los responsables de tomar decisiones a prever crisis humanitarias, FEWS NET proporciona análisis asentados en evidencia sobre unos 35 países. Entre los integrantes del equipo ejecutor figuran la NASA, NOAA, USDA y el USGS, así como Chemonics International Inc. y Kimetrica. Lea más sobre nuestro trabajo.

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