Observatorio de Precios

September 2020 Global Price Watch

Septiembre 2020

CIF v3.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3: Crisis
4: Emergencia
5: Hambruna
Se estima que seria al menos una fase peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
La manera de clasificación que utiliza FEWS NET es compatible con la CIF. Un análisisque es compatible con la CIF sigue los protocolos fundamentales de CIF pero nonecesariamente refleja el consenso de los socios nacionales en materia de seguridad alimentaria.

CIF v3.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3+: Crisis o peor
Se estima que seria al menos una fase
peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
La manera de clasificación que utiliza FEWS NET es compatible con la CIF. Un análisisque es compatible con la CIF sigue los protocolos fundamentales de CIF pero nonecesariamente refleja el consenso de los socios nacionales en materia de seguridad alimentaria.
Para los países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza un contorno de color en el mapa CIF que representa la clasificación más alta de CIF en las áreas de preocupación.

CIF v3.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

Países presenciales:
1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3: Crisis
4: Emergencia
5: Hambruna
Países de monitoreo remoto:
1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3+: Crisis o peor
Se estima que seria al menos una fase
peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
Para los países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza un contorno de color en el mapa CIF que representa la clasificación más alta de CIF en las áreas de preocupación.

Mensajes clave

  • In West Africa, market supplies were seasonally low in September during the lean season when household market reliance reaches its peak. Insecurity-related market disruptions persist in the Greater Lake Chad basin, the Tibesti region, and the Liptako-Gourma region. Coarse grain prices increased between July and August in the Sahel and were above average in areas experiencing deficit and trade flow disruptions. Food prices continued to increase atypically in Nigeria amidst reduced market supplies and macroeconomic downturn. Livestock market activities were below average throughout the region due to limited exports and/or insecurity, which has affected market access.

  • In East Africa, staple food price trends varied across the region. COVID-19 related movement restrictions continued to contribute to some atypical supply, demand, and price patterns. Maize prices declined in surplus-producing Uganda and Tanzania and in Kenya with the progression of May-to-August harvests and in a context of weak regional demand. Prices remained stable at elevated levels or increased seasonally in Ethiopia, South Sudan, Burundi, and Sudan as stocks tightened ahead of October-to-December harvests. Livestock prices remained stable at elevated levels due to good animal body conditions.

  • In Southern Africa, markets were well supplied with maize as the 2020/21 marketing year progressed in most countries of the region. Prices were stable or varied seasonally in many countries. South Africa continued exporting maize to structurally-deficit countries of the region, notably to Zimbabwe where local production deficits coupled with deteriorating macroeconomic conditions have led to persistently increasing prices. Zambia maintained a ban on formal maize exports but continued exporting via informal channels due to favorable prices in neighboring countries.

  •  In Central America, maize and bean supplies were above average in August, supported by ongoing 2020 Primera season harvests as well as imports. Maize and bean prices were stable or decreasing on average. Bean prices exhibited mixed trends relative to 2019 levels. In Haiti, local and imported staple food supplies were at average to below-average levels in August. The Haitian gourde maintained relative stability against the USD.

  • In Central Asia, wheat prices were stable or decreasing on average in Afghanistan and Kazakhstan while wheat prices exhibited mixed trends in Pakistan. In Yemen, the broader conflict and macroeconomic context continued to disrupt overall market functioning and food access with staple food and fuel prices remaining above average.

  • International staple food markets are well supplied. Rice, wheat, and soybean prices were stable or increasing while maize prices exhibited mixed trends in August. Global crude oil prices increased further for a fourth consecutive month, although at a slower pace as economies continue to reopen. Global fertilizer prices similarly increased in August.

El Observatorio de Precios ofrece un resumen mensual y una perspectiva sobre tendencias globales, regionales y nacionales sobre los precios de productos claves en los países de FEWS NET. El análisis podría centrarse en cuestiones globales tales como precios del combustible o tasa de cambio, si es probable que éstos ejerzan influencia sobre los precios de los alimentos en países de FEWS NET. El Anexo del Observatorio de Precios adjunto detalla las tendencias en precio por país.

About FEWS NET

La Red de Sistemas de Alerta Temprana contra la Hambruna es un proveedor de primera línea de alertas tempranas y análisis sobre la inseguridad alimentaria. Creada por la USAID en 1985 con el fin de ayudar a los responsables de tomar decisiones a prever crisis humanitarias, FEWS NET proporciona análisis asentados en evidencia sobre unos 35 países. Entre los integrantes del equipo ejecutor figuran la NASA, NOAA, USDA y el USGS, así como Chemonics International Inc. y Kimetrica. Lea más sobre nuestro trabajo.

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