Observatorio de Precios

November 2021 Global Price Watch

Noviembre 2021

CIF v3.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3: Crisis
4: Emergencia
5: Hambruna
Se estima que seria al menos una fase peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
La manera de clasificación que utiliza FEWS NET es compatible con la CIF. Un análisisque es compatible con la CIF sigue los protocolos fundamentales de CIF pero nonecesariamente refleja el consenso de los socios nacionales en materia de seguridad alimentaria.

CIF v3.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3+: Crisis o peor
Se estima que seria al menos una fase
peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
La manera de clasificación que utiliza FEWS NET es compatible con la CIF. Un análisisque es compatible con la CIF sigue los protocolos fundamentales de CIF pero nonecesariamente refleja el consenso de los socios nacionales en materia de seguridad alimentaria.
Para los países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza un contorno de color en el mapa CIF que representa la clasificación más alta de CIF en las áreas de preocupación.

CIF v3.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

Países presenciales:
1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3: Crisis
4: Emergencia
5: Hambruna
Países de monitoreo remoto:
1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3+: Crisis o peor
Se estima que seria al menos una fase
peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
Para los países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza un contorno de color en el mapa CIF que representa la clasificación más alta de CIF en las áreas de preocupación.

Mensajes clave

  • In West Africa, cereal and legume market supplies increased in October with the onset of the main harvest. Supply, however, remained below average across much of the region due to below-average production in several countries and due to a limited release of stocks. Above-average demand was reported in most areas due to increased replenishment of trader and industrial stocks. Overall, prices decreased or were stable compared to September at above-average levels. Trade flows remained affected by lingering border restrictions and high transport costs. Conflict-related market disruptions were reported across parts of Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger, Nigeria, Chad, and Cameroon. 

  • In East Africa, staple food prices exhibited mixed trends. Maize and sorghum prices increased seasonably in Burundi, Sudan, and parts of Somalia as stocks tightened and demand increased in source markets. Prices remained stable in most markets in Uganda, Kenya, Ethiopia, South Sudan, and parts of Somalia due to the ongoing or imminent start of October-to-January harvests. Prices remained elevated across the region due to high inflation and below-average harvests. Livestock prices remained stable or declined because of poor rangeland conditions.

  • In Southern Africa, markets and the milling subsector are well-supplied, with maize following above-average production during the 2020/21 production year, except in Madagascar, where supply was below average. Price trends followed seasonal stable or increasing trends in October. Prices remained lowest in Malawi and South Africa. Although rainfall conditions are favorable at the start of the 2021/22 production season, high production costs may constrain production, especially in South Africa. While firm international commodity prices supported regional export earnings, many regional currencies continued to depreciate. 

  • In Central America, markets were well supplied and operating normally. Maize prices declined following primera harvests, while local bean prices were stable at average to above-average levels. Prices increased typically in El Salvador due to increasing fuel and transportation costs. In Haiti, fuel shortages, political unrest, and insecurity disrupted commercial activities. Local maize and black bean prices were stable at elevated levels while imported staple foods prices continued to increase. 

  • In Central Asia, wheat price trends varied. Wheat prices in Kazakhstan and Pakistan tracked international reference market trends, increasing further in October. Prices increased across Afghanistan with the depreciation of the AFN. In Yemen, prices remained above average due to protracted conflict and persistent depreciation of the YER. Price trends differed significantly between internationally recognized government (IRG) and Sana’a-based authorities (SBA) controlled areas.

  • International staple food markets remained well supplied.  Rice and maize prices were stable while wheat prices continued rising at elevated levels (Figure 2). Global crude oil and fertilizer prices, along with freight costs, reached five-year high levels. 

El Observatorio de Precios ofrece un resumen mensual y una perspectiva sobre tendencias globales, regionales y nacionales sobre los precios de productos claves en los países de FEWS NET. El análisis podría centrarse en cuestiones globales tales como precios del combustible o tasa de cambio, si es probable que éstos ejerzan influencia sobre los precios de los alimentos en países de FEWS NET. El Anexo del Observatorio de Precios adjunto detalla las tendencias en precio por país.

About FEWS NET

La Red de Sistemas de Alerta Temprana contra la Hambruna es un proveedor de primera línea de alertas tempranas y análisis sobre la inseguridad alimentaria. Creada por la USAID en 1985 con el fin de ayudar a los responsables de tomar decisiones a prever crisis humanitarias, FEWS NET proporciona análisis asentados en evidencia sobre unos 35 países. Entre los integrantes del equipo ejecutor figuran la NASA, NOAA, USDA y el USGS, así como Chemonics International Inc. y Kimetrica. Lea más sobre nuestro trabajo.

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