Observatorio de Precios

July 2020 Global Price Watch

Julio 2020

CIF v3.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3: Crisis
4: Emergencia
5: Hambruna
Se estima que seria al menos una fase peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
La manera de clasificación que utiliza FEWS NET es compatible con la CIF. Un análisisque es compatible con la CIF sigue los protocolos fundamentales de CIF pero nonecesariamente refleja el consenso de los socios nacionales en materia de seguridad alimentaria.

CIF v3.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3+: Crisis o peor
Se estima que seria al menos una fase
peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
La manera de clasificación que utiliza FEWS NET es compatible con la CIF. Un análisisque es compatible con la CIF sigue los protocolos fundamentales de CIF pero nonecesariamente refleja el consenso de los socios nacionales en materia de seguridad alimentaria.
Para los países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza un contorno de color en el mapa CIF que representa la clasificación más alta de CIF en las áreas de preocupación.

CIF v3.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

Países presenciales:
1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3: Crisis
4: Emergencia
5: Hambruna
Países de monitoreo remoto:
1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3+: Crisis o peor
Se estima que seria al menos una fase
peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
Para los países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza un contorno de color en el mapa CIF que representa la clasificación más alta de CIF en las áreas de preocupación.

Mensajes clave

  • In West Africa, market supplies were sufficient to meet demand, but below last year due to production deficits and COVID-19 related disruptions. Normal lean seasonal demand increases continued but remained at below-average levels given the low purchasing power and limited cross-border trade across the region. Insecurity-related market disruptions persisted in the Greater Lake Chad basin, the Tibesti region, and the Liptako-Gourma region. Staple food prices were below average across much of the Sahel, but average to above average in deficit areas. Prices were substantially above average in Nigeria and several coastal countries facing currency depreciation and high transport costs.

  • In East Africa, staple food price trends varied across the region. COVID-19 related movement restrictions continued to contribute to some atypical supply, demand, and price patterns. Maize prices declined in surplus-producing Uganda and Tanzania with the progression of May-to-August harvests and in a context of weak regional demand. Prices increased seasonally in Ethiopia, Somalia, South Sudan, and Sudan as stocks tightened ahead of October-to-December harvests. Prices declined on urban markets of Kenya following the arrival of international imports. Good animal body conditions led to elevated livestock prices.

  • In Southern Africa, maize supply on major markets continued increasing as the 2020/21 marketing year progressed in most countries of the region. Prices declined seasonally or stabilized in many countries. South Africa continued exporting maize to structurally-deficit countries of the region, notably Zimbabwe where regional imports have expanded considerably in recent months following the easing of phytosanitary (GMO) restrictions. Zambia maintained a ban on formal maize exports but continued exporting via informal channels due to favorable prices in neighboring countries.

  • In Central America, maize supplies were average while market speculation led to temporary disruptions in bean supply. Maize prices were stable or decreasing while beans prices increased seasonally in June. Maize prices remained above average while bean prices rose to significantly above average levels across the region. In Haiti, local and imported staple food supplies were at average to below-average levels in June. Staple food prices generally increased and remained above 2019 and five-year average levels. The Haitian gourde depreciated further against the USD.

  • In Central Asia, wheat price trends were stable or decreasing on average in Afghanistan and Kazakhstan. Wheat prices increased in Pakistan. In Yemen, the broader conflict and macroeconomic context continued to disrupt overall market functioning and food access; staple food prices remained above-average.

  • International staple food markets are well supplied. Rice and wheat prices decreased while maize and soybean prices increased on average in June (Figure 2). Global crude oil prices remained below average but increased further for a second consecutive month as countries continue to lift stay-at-home orders while global fertilizer prices were stable or falling in June.

El Observatorio de Precios ofrece un resumen mensual y una perspectiva sobre tendencias globales, regionales y nacionales sobre los precios de productos claves en los países de FEWS NET. El análisis podría centrarse en cuestiones globales tales como precios del combustible o tasa de cambio, si es probable que éstos ejerzan influencia sobre los precios de los alimentos en países de FEWS NET. El Anexo del Observatorio de Precios adjunto detalla las tendencias en precio por país.

About FEWS NET

La Red de Sistemas de Alerta Temprana contra la Hambruna es un proveedor de primera línea de alertas tempranas y análisis sobre la inseguridad alimentaria. Creada por la USAID en 1985 con el fin de ayudar a los responsables de tomar decisiones a prever crisis humanitarias, FEWS NET proporciona análisis asentados en evidencia sobre unos 35 países. Entre los integrantes del equipo ejecutor figuran la NASA, NOAA, USDA y el USGS, así como Chemonics International Inc. y Kimetrica. Lea más sobre nuestro trabajo.

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