Observatorio de Precios

February 2021 Global Price Watch

Febrero 2021

CIF v3.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3: Crisis
4: Emergencia
5: Hambruna
Se estima que seria al menos una fase peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
La manera de clasificación que utiliza FEWS NET es compatible con la CIF. Un análisisque es compatible con la CIF sigue los protocolos fundamentales de CIF pero nonecesariamente refleja el consenso de los socios nacionales en materia de seguridad alimentaria.

CIF v3.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3+: Crisis o peor
Se estima que seria al menos una fase
peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
La manera de clasificación que utiliza FEWS NET es compatible con la CIF. Un análisisque es compatible con la CIF sigue los protocolos fundamentales de CIF pero nonecesariamente refleja el consenso de los socios nacionales en materia de seguridad alimentaria.
Para los países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza un contorno de color en el mapa CIF que representa la clasificación más alta de CIF en las áreas de preocupación.

CIF v3.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

Países presenciales:
1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3: Crisis
4: Emergencia
5: Hambruna
Países de monitoreo remoto:
1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3+: Crisis o peor
Se estima que seria al menos una fase
peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
Para los países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza un contorno de color en el mapa CIF que representa la clasificación más alta de CIF en las áreas de preocupación.

Mensajes clave

  • In West Africa, market supplies continued increasing following recent harvests, but remained below average, notably in Nigeria. Insecurity and conflict continued to affect food and livestock markets in the Greater Lake Chad basin, the Liptako-Gourma region, northwest and northcentral Nigeria, and the Northwest and Southwest regions of Cameroon. Market demand increased atypically in Niger as traders and institutions replenished their stocks. Prices were decreasing or stable compared to December, but above average in general – especially in Nigeria due to inflation and elevated transport costs. Supplies will be adequate despite above-average demand throughout the marketing year. Prices will follow seasonal trends at above-average levels.

  • In East Africa, staple food prices declined seasonally or remained stable across many markets across the region because of increased supplies from the October-to-January harvest. Livestock prices remained stable or declined slightly in key reference markets because of reduced water and feed during the December-to-April dry season but were still above average. Prices increased atypically post-harvest in many markets in Uganda due to election-related uncertainty adversely affecting trade and markets and in southern Somalia due to the below-average harvest. Poor macro-economic conditions continue to heighten staple food commodity prices in Sudan, South Sudan, and Ethiopia.

  • In Southern Africa, markets have been well supplied with maize in most countries of the region throughout the 2020/21 marketing year. Prices have generally increased seasonally since November 2020. In Zimbabwe, local production deficits coupled with deteriorating macroeconomic conditions have led to staple food shortages and persistently increasing food prices. South Africa has continued exporting to grain deficit countries. Zambia maintained a ban on formal maize exports but continued exporting maize grain and maize products through formal and informal channels.

  • In Central America, physical access to markets remains normal. Maize supply was average while bean supply decreased from hurricane-related losses. Maize prices followed seasonal trends while bean prices increased on average. In Haiti, staple food supplies were at average levels while prices were stable or increasing on average partly due to poor expectations for the winter harvest. The HTG appreciated marginally against the USD following Central Bank intervention.

  • In Central Asia, wheat prices were stable in Afghanistan and Kazakhstan but increased in Pakistan in January. Prices were generally above average. In Yemen, staple food prices were on average stable in January, with sharper increases observed in some southern areas. The broader conflict and macroeconomic context continued to disrupt overall market functioning and supported above-average staple food and fuel prices.

  • International staple food markets are well supplied. Rice, maize, wheat, and soybean prices increased in January due to tightening supply and firm demand. Global crude oil prices rose further in January due to expectations for a strong global economic recovery in 2021, while global fertilizer prices were stable or increasing.

El Observatorio de Precios ofrece un resumen mensual y una perspectiva sobre tendencias globales, regionales y nacionales sobre los precios de productos claves en los países de FEWS NET. El análisis podría centrarse en cuestiones globales tales como precios del combustible o tasa de cambio, si es probable que éstos ejerzan influencia sobre los precios de los alimentos en países de FEWS NET. El Anexo del Observatorio de Precios adjunto detalla las tendencias en precio por país.

About FEWS NET

La Red de Sistemas de Alerta Temprana contra la Hambruna es un proveedor de primera línea de alertas tempranas y análisis sobre la inseguridad alimentaria. Creada por la USAID en 1985 con el fin de ayudar a los responsables de tomar decisiones a prever crisis humanitarias, FEWS NET proporciona análisis asentados en evidencia sobre unos 35 países. Entre los integrantes del equipo ejecutor figuran la NASA, NOAA, USDA y el USGS, así como Chemonics International Inc. y Kimetrica. Lea más sobre nuestro trabajo.

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