Observatorio de Precios

December 2020 Global Price Watch

Diciembre 2020

CIF v3.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3: Crisis
4: Emergencia
5: Hambruna
Se estima que seria al menos una fase peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
La manera de clasificación que utiliza FEWS NET es compatible con la CIF. Un análisisque es compatible con la CIF sigue los protocolos fundamentales de CIF pero nonecesariamente refleja el consenso de los socios nacionales en materia de seguridad alimentaria.

CIF v3.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3+: Crisis o peor
Se estima que seria al menos una fase
peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
La manera de clasificación que utiliza FEWS NET es compatible con la CIF. Un análisisque es compatible con la CIF sigue los protocolos fundamentales de CIF pero nonecesariamente refleja el consenso de los socios nacionales en materia de seguridad alimentaria.
Para los países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza un contorno de color en el mapa CIF que representa la clasificación más alta de CIF en las áreas de preocupación.

CIF v3.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

Países presenciales:
1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3: Crisis
4: Emergencia
5: Hambruna
Países de monitoreo remoto:
1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3+: Crisis o peor
Se estima que seria al menos una fase
peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
Para los países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza un contorno de color en el mapa CIF que representa la clasificación más alta de CIF en las áreas de preocupación.

Mensajes clave

  • In West Africa, preliminary cereal production estimates indicate that 2020/21 production will be similar to the previous year (2019/20) and nine percent above the five-year average. Market supplies increased with ongoing harvests and the release of traders’ stocks. Insecurity and conflict continued to disrupt market activities in the Greater Lake Chad basin, the Liptako-Gourma region, northeast and northcentral Nigeria, and the Northwest and Southwest regions of Cameroon. Cereal prices seasonally decreased but remained above 2019 and five-year average levels in many regional markets.

  • In East Africa, staple food price trends varied across the region along with local harvest patterns. Locally produced staple food prices declined with the progression of harvests in Kenya and Ethiopia and parts of Uganda and South Sudan. Prices increased in Somalia, Burundi, and Tanzania. The removal of fuel subsidies in Sudan led to atypical price increases during the onset of the harvest period. Livestock prices declined in pastoral areas of Ethiopia and Kenya with the availability of below-average October-to-December rains. Deteriorating macroeconomic conditions have contributed to persistently high and increasing prices in a number of countries. The ongoing dynamics in Tigray region of Ethiopia have led to atypical demand and price patterns which are being monitored closely.

  • In Southern Africa, maize availability on markets tightened with the onset of the 2020/21 lean season. Maize grain prices increased across most areas of the region. South Africa continued exporting maize internationally and to structurally-deficit countries of the region. In Zimbabwe, local production deficits coupled with deteriorating macroeconomic conditions have led to persistently increasing prices throughout the marketing year. Zambia maintained a ban on formal maize exports but continued exporting via informal channels due to favorable prices in neighboring countries.

  • In Central America, markets were supplied with maize and beans from recent regional harvests as well as regional and international imports. The recent postrera harvest is expected to be below average due to losses from hurricanes Eta and Iota. Maize prices exhibited mixed trends while bean prices increased across the region following infrastructure damage, crop losses, and marketing disruptions from the successive hurricanes. In Haiti, local and imported staple food supplies were at average levels, with food prices decreasing on average. Prices were close to or below November 2019 levels but remained above five-year average levels. The HTG appreciated to about 63 HTG per USD.

  • In Central Asia, average supplies and intraregional trade filled local wheat deficits within the region. Wheat prices were stable in Kazakhstan and Afghanistan in November but remained above five-year average levels. In Pakistan, wheat prices were stable or decreasing as domestic supply was augmented with imports from Russia. In Yemen, the broader conflict and macroeconomic context continued to disrupt overall market functioning and food access with staple food prices remaining above 2019- and five-year average levels.

  • International staple food markets remained well supplied. Rice prices decreased, maize and soybean prices increased while wheat prices were stable or increasing in November. Global crude oil prices recovered moderately following news of a viable COVID-19 vaccine but continue to be below five-year average levels.  Global fertilizer prices were stable or increasing in November.

El Observatorio de Precios ofrece un resumen mensual y una perspectiva sobre tendencias globales, regionales y nacionales sobre los precios de productos claves en los países de FEWS NET. El análisis podría centrarse en cuestiones globales tales como precios del combustible o tasa de cambio, si es probable que éstos ejerzan influencia sobre los precios de los alimentos en países de FEWS NET. El Anexo del Observatorio de Precios adjunto detalla las tendencias en precio por país.

About FEWS NET

La Red de Sistemas de Alerta Temprana contra la Hambruna es un proveedor de primera línea de alertas tempranas y análisis sobre la inseguridad alimentaria. Creada por la USAID en 1985 con el fin de ayudar a los responsables de tomar decisiones a prever crisis humanitarias, FEWS NET proporciona análisis asentados en evidencia sobre unos 35 países. Entre los integrantes del equipo ejecutor figuran la NASA, NOAA, USDA y el USGS, así como Chemonics International Inc. y Kimetrica. Lea más sobre nuestro trabajo.

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