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The livelihood profiles presented herein for Sudan explore key characteristics of the socioeconomic status and livelihood strategies of three wealth groups (the poor, middle, and better-off) for each livelihood zone within Al Jazirah, Al Qadarif, Kassala, Sinnar, Blue Nile, White Nile, Red Sea, Northern, and River Nile states. The profiles provide detailed, quantitative information about livelihood strategies, including food and income sources and expenditures, for each of the three wealth groups, with particular attention to the poor. In addition, the livelihood zones most at risk of food insecurity are identified in the “Overview of Rural Livelihoods in Eastern, Central, and Northern Sudan.”
Livelihood profiles facilitate analysis and monitoring of livelihood and food security. They provide a geographic context for establishing monitoring systems (a sampling frame) and for interpreting the relative importance of existing monitoring data on production, prices, and other indicators. They are points of reference against which conditions observed during monitoring may be compared. They also describe how livelihood and food security may be affected by production and other shocks.
These livelihood profiles complement FEWS NET's 2013 Livelihood Profiles for North Kordofan, Sudan, available here.
Livelihood Profile briefly describes wealth groups and compares the various sources of food and income particular to each. The profile provides a basis for understanding how and whether different groups may be vulnerable to “shocks” such as drought, flooding, conflict or a market disruption. In recent years, FEWS NET expanded its profiles through a mapping exercise that includes additional baseline information on: livelihood differences between the poor and the better-off, common hazards in the zone, seasonal calendars and a consumption calendar focused on the poor. These livelihood zoning plus profiles are available for 24 countries.