Key Message Update

Flooding and the macroeconomic crisis drive high needs through October

Septiembre 2020

Septiembre 2020

Projected food security outcomes for July to September 2020. This map shows large areas of Sudan in Crisis (IPC Phase 3), with parts of South Kordofan, Jebel Marra, Red Sea, and Kassala states in Emergency (IPC Phase 4).

Octubre 2020 - Enero 2021

Projected food security outcomes for October 2020 to January 2021. This map shows a reduction in food insecurity, with many areas now in Stressed (IPC Phase 2) and Crisis (IPC Phase 3).

CIF v3.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3: Crisis
4: Emergencia
5: Hambruna
Concentración de personas desplazadas
Se estima que seria al menos una fase peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
Los resultados de la seguridad alimentaria de las personas desplazadas serian al menos una fase peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programadaLa manera de clasificación que utiliza FEWS NET es compatible con la CIF. Un análisisque es compatible con la CIF sigue los protocolos fundamentales de CIF pero nonecesariamente refleja el consenso de los socios nacionales en materia de seguridad alimentaria.

CIF v3.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3: Crisis
4: Emergencia
5: Hambruna
Concentración de personas desplazadas
Se estima que seria al menos una fase peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
Los resultados de la seguridad alimentaria de las personas desplazadas serian al menos una fase peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programadaLa manera de clasificación que utiliza FEWS NET es compatible con la CIF. Un análisisque es compatible con la CIF sigue los protocolos fundamentales de CIF pero nonecesariamente refleja el consenso de los socios nacionales en materia de seguridad alimentaria.

CIF v3.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3+: Crisis o peor
Se estima que seria al menos una fase
peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
La manera de clasificación que utiliza FEWS NET es compatible con la CIF. Un análisisque es compatible con la CIF sigue los protocolos fundamentales de CIF pero nonecesariamente refleja el consenso de los socios nacionales en materia de seguridad alimentaria.
Para los países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza un contorno de color en el mapa CIF que representa la clasificación más alta de CIF en las áreas de preocupación.

CIF v3.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

Países presenciales:
1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3: Crisis
4: Emergencia
5: Hambruna
Concentración de personas desplazadas
Países de monitoreo remoto:
1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3+: Crisis o peor
Se estima que seria al menos una fase
peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
Para los países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza un contorno de color en el mapa CIF que representa la clasificación más alta de CIF en las áreas de preocupación.

Mensajes clave

  • Poor households in flood-affected areas, protracted IDPs in Darfur and South Kordofan, and parts of Red Sea, Kassala, and North Darfur states are facing Crisis (IPC Phase 3) and worse food security outcomes through October 2020. Humanitarian assistance needs are expected to remain high due to extremely high staple food prices and persistent macroeconomics challenges, which have reduced household purchasing power and has been exacerbated by the loss of assets and livelihoods from flooding.

  • The government has declared a three-month State of Emergency following the worst flooding in decades. While several assessments of the impact of the flooding have been undertaken, the range varies among reports. Additional information on the scale will be reported in FEWS NET’s October Food Security Outlook. The High Committee for Rainy Season Emergencies has warned of expected further deterioration in sanitation and hygiene conditions, which is likely to increase susceptibility to waterborne diseases among affected communities.

  • Sudan continues to face a macroeconomic crisis as the value of the Sudanese Pound continues to weaken in the parallel market. The Sudanese Pound depreciated from 170 SDG/USD in June to 270 SDG/USD by mid-September 2020. According to the Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), the national inflation rate has increased by 72 percent over the last six months. In August 2020, the national inflation rate rose to 167 percent, an approximately 24 percent increase compared to July. The macroeconomic crisis is continuing to impact purchasing power among affected households negatively.

  • Staple food prices remain more than double the price compared to the same period last year and more than five times greater than the five-year average. Between August and September, the price of sorghum, millet, and wheat increased by 10-20 percent. The price increases are being driven by the continued depreciation of the Sudanese Pound coinciding with high demand for cereal by flood-affected households, and seasonally tightened market supplies as the lean season peaks.   

  • On August 31, after a year of negotiations, the Sudanese government and the Sudan Revolutionary Front rebel alliance (SRF) initialed a comprehensive peace agreement. The agreement includes eight protocols for Darfur, South Kordofan and Blue Nile, and central, eastern, and northern Sudan. A federal regional system of government will be re-established, and the signatories will be represented in the Sovereign Council, Ministerial council of the transitional government, and the Transitional Legislative Council. The agreement is expected to improve humanitarian assistance access and improve trade flows, food prices, and food availability to former SRF-held areas.

About FEWS NET

La Red de Sistemas de Alerta Temprana contra la Hambruna es un proveedor de primera línea de alertas tempranas y análisis sobre la inseguridad alimentaria. Creada por la USAID en 1985 con el fin de ayudar a los responsables de tomar decisiones a prever crisis humanitarias, FEWS NET proporciona análisis asentados en evidencia sobre unos 35 países. Entre los integrantes del equipo ejecutor figuran la NASA, NOAA, USDA y el USGS, así como Chemonics International Inc. y Kimetrica. Lea más sobre nuestro trabajo.

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