Monitor Estacional

Moderate to heavy rains cause flooding in South-Central Somalia but rainfall is suppressed in the North

6 Noviembre 2019

CIF v3.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3: Crisis
4: Emergencia
5: Hambruna
Concentración de personas desplazadas
Se estima que seria al menos una fase peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
La manera de clasificación que utiliza FEWS NET es compatible con la CIF. Un análisisque es compatible con la CIF sigue los protocolos fundamentales de CIF pero nonecesariamente refleja el consenso de los socios nacionales en materia de seguridad alimentaria.

CIF v3.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3+: Crisis o peor
Se estima que seria al menos una fase
peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
La manera de clasificación que utiliza FEWS NET es compatible con la CIF. Un análisisque es compatible con la CIF sigue los protocolos fundamentales de CIF pero nonecesariamente refleja el consenso de los socios nacionales en materia de seguridad alimentaria.
Para los países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza un contorno de color en el mapa CIF que representa la clasificación más alta de CIF en las áreas de preocupación.

CIF v3.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

Países presenciales:
1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3: Crisis
4: Emergencia
5: Hambruna
Concentración de personas desplazadas
Países de monitoreo remoto:
1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3+: Crisis o peor
Se estima que seria al menos una fase
peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
Para los países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza un contorno de color en el mapa CIF que representa la clasificación más alta de CIF en las áreas de preocupación.
Socios: 
USGS

Moderate to heavy Deyr rainfall continued across most of southern and central Somalia through the last ten days of October, while the rains predominantly subsided in Somalia’s northern regions. Cumulative rainfall from October 21-30 ranged from 10 to 75 millimeters in most of the south and some central areas (Figure 1). Parts of Bay and the Jubas received 100-150 mm, which is 10-75 mm above the long-term average (Figure 2). Cumulative above-average rainfall in October led to flooding in the South, which has caused significant population displacement and damage to crops, other household assets, and road networks. Worst affected areas include Beledweyne of Hiiraan, Jowhar of Middle Shabelle, Bardhere and Luuq of Gedo, Baidoa and Dinsor of Bay and parts of the Juba regions. Conversely, northern Somalia received less than 20 mm of rainfall from October 21-30, which is 50 mm less than average. Further, northeastern areas including Bari, Nugaal, and northern Mudug, remained dry, which has exacerbated poor rangeland and livestock conditions. Cumulative rainfall since the start of the Deyr in late September/early October is predominantly above average in the Northwest, South, and southern central Somalia and near average in the Northeast with localized areas of below average.

Situation

In the Northwest, no rainfall was reported in most livelihood zones of Awdal, Woqooyi Galbeed, Togdheer, Sool and Sanaag regions during the reporting period. However, localized areas of Northern Inland Pastoral (NIP) and Hawd Pastoral livelihood zones of Sool region were reported to have received localized light to average rains. As a result of the rains received earlier in the season, pasture and water availability in most livelihood zones are average to above average with normal migrations occurring within the zones. However, atypical livestock migration from Bari and Nugaal regions to areas in Sool were reported. Locust infestation in Hawd Pastoral livelihood zone of Togdheer is further worsening pasture availability.   

In the Northeast, most livelihood zones in Bari, Nugaal, and northern Mudug areas continued to experience abnormal dryness as the Deyr rains are significantly delayed and yet to start. However, localized areas of Hawd Pastoral of Burtinle and Galkayo received light showers. As a result, pasture and water conditions in these areas remain poor to below average, and water trucking is currently the main source of water for most areas. In addition, atypical livestock migration occurred in Addun Pastoral and parts of Northern Inland Pastoral areas in Bari, Nugaal, Sool, and Sanaag regions.

In central regions, moderate rains characterized with poor distribution were reported in most livelihood zones in Galgaduud and southern Mudug. In addition, little to no rainfall was reported in the entirety of the Coastal Deeh Pastoral livelihood zone or in parts of central Hawd Pastoral, central Addun Pastoral, and Cowpea Belt Agropastoral livelihood zones. Pasture and water conditions are average in most areas that received rains earlier in the month, but poor rangeland conditions prevail in Hawd Pastoral areas of Abudwaq and parts of Addun Pastoral of Dhusamareb and Galkayo districts. Locust damage on pasture and browse was also reported in many areas of the region. Normal livestock migrations within livelihood zones in search of pasture and water are ongoing.

In the South, moderate to heavy rains with uniform distribution were reported in most livelihood zones, especially in Bay and Bakool, Lower and Middle Juba, Gedo, and large parts of Hiiraan. However, some riverine and agropastoral areas of Buloburte and Jalalaqsi of Hiiraan received only localized light rains. Overall, the rains were beneficial and improved pasture, browse and water availability. However, flooding episodes were reported Beledweyne town and its environs (Hiiraan), where 80 percent of the town and several villages were inundated, properties destroyed, and entire villages displaced. Flooding also affected parts of Jowhar district (Middle Shabelle). In contrast, downstream areas of the Shabelle river in Kurtunwarey (Lower Shabelle) are semi-dry. Flash floods were reported in parts of Bay, Bakool, and Middle Juba where standing crops were destroyed. Rain gauge stations recorded 112mm in Elbarde (Bakool), 97.7 millimeters in Baidoa (Bay), 81.5 mm in Buloburte (Hiiraan), 63.2 mm in Dinsor (Bay), 55 mm in Janaale (Lower Shabelle), 46.5 mm in Beledweyne (Hiiraan), 30 mm in Sakow (Middle Juba) and 24.5 mm in Xudur (Bakool).  

According to satellite-derived eMODIS Normalized Vegetation Index (NDVI) for the October 21-31 period, improved vegetation conditions are visible in many areas of the country. However, negative anomalies are widely visible in central and northereastern parts of the country due to below-average rains and in southern regions where river flooding and flash floods impacted vegetation (Figure 3). According to the NOAA Climate Predication Center’s seven-day rainfall forecast, moderate to heavy rains with uniform distribution ranging from 20 mm up to 125 mm are forecast to fall in many areas in southern, central, and northern Somalia from November 5 to 11 (Figure 4). However, most of Juba regions and large parts of Sanaag regions are expected to receive little to no rainfall.

For more rain gauge data, please, contact So-Hydro@fao.org or visit www.faoswalim.org.

Sobre Este Informe

El monitor estacional se produce para cada una de las cuatro regiones cubiertas por FEWS NET durante la estación de producción. Este informe actualiza los totales de las precipitaciones, las repercusiones sobre la producción y el pronóstico a corto tiempo. Producido por el científico regional del Servicio de Prospección Geológica de Estados Unidos de FEWS NET, el informe es producido cada 20 días durante la estación de producción. Conozca más sobre nuestro trabajo.

About FEWS NET

La Red de Sistemas de Alerta Temprana contra la Hambruna es un proveedor de primera línea de alertas tempranas y análisis sobre la inseguridad alimentaria. Creada por la USAID en 1985 con el fin de ayudar a los responsables de tomar decisiones a prever crisis humanitarias, FEWS NET proporciona análisis asentados en evidencia sobre unos 35 países. Entre los integrantes del equipo ejecutor figuran la NASA, NOAA, USDA y el USGS, así como Chemonics International Inc. y Kimetrica. Lea más sobre nuestro trabajo.

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