Somalia

País donde estamos presentes
Marzo 2021

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Not mapped
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
National Parks/Reserves
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
Not mapped
Concentration of displaced people – hover over maps to view food security phase classifications for camps in Somalia, Sudan, and Uganda.
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3: Crisis
4: Emergencia
5: Hambruna
Sin mapa
Se estima que seria al menos una fase peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
La manera de clasificación que utiliza FEWS NET es compatible con la CIF. Un análisisque es compatible con la CIF sigue los protocolos fundamentales de CIF pero nonecesariamente refleja el consenso de los socios nacionales en materia de seguridad alimentaria.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3+: Crisis o peor
Se estima que seria al menos una fase peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
La manera de clasificación que utiliza FEWS NET es compatible con la CIF. Un análisisque es compatible con la CIF sigue los protocolos fundamentales de CIF pero nonecesariamente refleja el consenso de los socios nacionales en materia de seguridad alimentaria.
Para los países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza un contorno de color en el mapa CIF que representa la clasificación más alta de CIF en las áreas de preocupación.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

Países presenciales:
1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3: Crisis
4: Emergencia
5: Hambruna
Parques y reservas
Países de monitoreo remoto:
1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3+: Crisis o peor
Se estima que seria al menos una fase peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
Sin mapa
Concentración de personas desplazadas – coloque el puntero sobre el mapa para ver la clasificación de los campos en Somalia, Sudán y Uganda.
La manera de clasificación que utiliza FEWS NET es compatible con la CIF. Un análisisque es compatible con la CIF sigue los protocolos fundamentales de CIF pero nonecesariamente refleja el consenso de los socios nacionales en materia de seguridad alimentaria.
Para los países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza un contorno de color en el mapa CIF que representa la clasificación más alta de CIF en las áreas de preocupación.

IPC 2.0 Phase d'Insécurité Alimentaire Aiguë

1: Minimale
2: Stress
3: Crise
4: Urgence
5: Famine
Non cartographié
Serait probablement pire, au moins une phase, sans l'assistance humanitaire en cours ou programmée
La manière de classification que FEWS NET utilise est compatible avec l’IPC. Une analyse qui est compatible avec l’IPC suit les principaux protocoles de l’IPC mais ne reflète pas nécessairement le consensus des partenaires nationaux en matière de sécurité alimentaire.

IPC 2.0 Phase d'Insécurité Alimentaire Aiguë

1: Minimale
2: Stress
3+: Crise ou pire
Serait probablement pire, au moins une phase, sans l'assistance humanitaire en cours ou programmée
La manière de classification que FEWS NET utilise est compatible avec l’IPC. Une analyse qui est compatible avec l’IPC suit les principaux protocoles de l’IPC mais ne reflète pas nécessairement le consensus des partenaires nationaux en matière de sécurité alimentaire.
Pour les pays suivis à distance par FEWS NET, un contour coloré est utilisé pour représenter la classification de l’IPC la plus élevée dans les zones de préoccupation.

IPC 2.0 Phase d'Insécurité Alimentaire Aiguë

Pays de présence:
1: Minimale
2: Stress
3: Crise
4: Urgence
5: Famine
Parcs et Réserves
Pays suivis à distance:
1: Minimale
2: Stress
3+: Crise ou pire
Serait probablement pire, au moins une phase, sans l'assistance humanitaire en cours ou programmée
Non cartographié
Concentration de personnes déplacées – passez le curseur au-dessus de la carte pour voir la classification de la sécurité alimentaire des camps de déplacés en Somalie, au Soudan et en Ouganda.
La manière de classification que FEWS NET utilise est compatible avec l’IPC. Une analyse qui est compatible avecl’IPC suit les principaux protocoles de l’IPC mais ne reflète pas nécessairement le consensus des partenaires nationaux en matière de sécurité alimentaire.
Pour les pays suivis à distance par FEWS NET, un contour coloré est utilisé pour représenter la classification de l’IPC la plus élevée dans les zones de préoccupation.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurança Alimentar Aguda Baseado

1: Minima
2: Stress
3: Crise
4: Emergência
5: Fome
Não mapeado
Poderia ser pior sem a assistência humanitária em vigor ou programad
A maneira de classificação que utiliza FEWS NET é compatível com a CIF. A análise compatível com a CIF segue os protocolos fundamentais da CIF mas não necessariamente reflete o consenso dos parceirosnacionais com respeito a segurança alimentar.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurança Alimentar Aguda Baseado

1: Minima
2: Stress
3+: Crise ou pior
Poderia ser pior sem a assistência humanitária em vigor ou programad
A maneira de classificação que utiliza FEWS NET é compatível com a CIF. A análise compatível com a CIF segue os protocolos fundamentais da CIF mas não necessariamente reflete o consenso dos parceirosnacionais com respeito a segurança alimentar.
Para os países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza um contorno de cor no mapa CIF para representar a classificação mais alta da CIF nas áreas de preocupação.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurança Alimentar Aguda Baseado

Países com presença:
1: Minima
2: Stress
3: Crise
4: Emergência
5: Fome
Parques e reservas
Países sem presença:
1: Minima
2: Stress
3+: Crise ou pior
Poderia ser pior sem a assistência humanitária em vigor ou programad
Não mapeado
Concentração de pessoas deslocadas – desloque o cursor sobre os mapas para ver as classificações de fases de segurança alimentar dos acampamentos na Somália, Sudão e Uganda.
A maneira de classificação que utiliza FEWS NET é compatível com a CIF. A análise compatível com a CIF segue os protocolos fundamentais da CIF mas não necessariamente reflete o consenso dos parceiros nacionais com respeito a segurança alimentar.
Para os países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza um contorno de cor no mapa CIF para representar a classificação mais alta da CIF nas áreas de preocupação.

Marzo - Mayo 2021

Junio - Septiembre 2021

CIF v3.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3: Crisis
4: Emergencia
5: Hambruna
Concentración de personas desplazadas
Se estima que seria al menos una fase peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
La manera de clasificación que utiliza FEWS NET es compatible con la CIF. Un análisisque es compatible con la CIF sigue los protocolos fundamentales de CIF pero nonecesariamente refleja el consenso de los socios nacionales en materia de seguridad alimentaria.
Mensajes clave
  • Stressed (IPC Phase 2) and Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes are widespread at the peak of the jilaal dry season (January-March) in Somalia. Some households are likely in Emergency (IPC Phase 4) in northern and central pastoral areas and Bay Bakool Low Potential Agropastoral, Cowpea Belt, and Southern Rainfed Agropastoral livelihood zones. The light to moderate todob/jarar rains, which typically occur across most of Somalia in March, failed. Consequently, above-average temperatures, below-average 2020 deyr rainfall, and Desert Locust damage to pasture continue to drive harsher and drier-than-normal conditions. Further, there is an increased likelihood of delayed and suppressed gu rainfall, which typically occurs from April to June. Despite the worsening situation, the number of people that received humanitarian food assistance declined from 2.05 million in January to 1.4 million in February, reaching only 66 percent of the estimated population in need.

  • Water is increasingly scarce, especially in pastoral areas in Gedo region and northern and central Somalia. Households are relying on water trucking as their primary water source, even in the Juba regions, where water trucking is usually unnecessary. In the North, for example, the cost of water is the highest recorded since April 2019. According to price data collected in rural reference markets in Sool, Sanaag, Bari, and Nugaal in February, the average price of a 20-liter jerrican (SOS 6,375) doubled compared to one year ago and was 23 percent above the five-year average. Most households are obtaining water through loans, adding to already high debt levels.

  • Low pasture availability and water scarcity have reduced livestock value and productivity, which is exacerbating food insecurity among poor pastoral households with an inadequate number of saleable animals. Although low levels of seasonal kidding and lambing are underway, livestock body conditions are relatively poor across species and milk production has atypically declined. There are reports of some goat and sheep abortions. While the observed livestock losses are consistent with FEWS NET’s projections so far, the situation requires close monitoring. A significant delay or very poor start of the gu rains could cause higher livestock losses, drastically reducing household food access and reversing marginal gains in livestock herd recovery since the 2016/2017 drought.

  • In southern agropastoral areas, poor households have limited cereal stocks from the below-average 2020 deyr season and face high local cereal prices and below-normal agricultural labor demand. In most southern riverine areas, the Juba and Shabelle rivers' receding water levels have caused high water salinity and suspended irrigation activities and cash crop farming. However, some farmers in the Jubas and Middle Shabelle – where extensive river flooding occurred – are harvesting off-season deyr crops to sell for income. In northwestern agropastoral areas, poor and middle households have already depleted their cereal stocks and are entirely dependent on market purchases to access food. Close monitoring of gu rainfall onset and performance is required, as the severity of rainfall deficits will determine agricultural production prospects and labor demand.

  • The population in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) and Emergency (IPC Phase 4) is expected to peak in mid-2021, given the forecast of a second consecutive poor rainfall season and anticipated effects on agricultural and livestock production and staple food prices. Although humanitarian partners delivered food assistance in February and deliveries continue in March, they are unable to confirm assistance plans from April onward. Without food assistance, many poor and lower-middle-income households will face slight to large food consumption gaps or adopt negative coping strategies to mitigate them. Areas of greatest concern include Northern Inland, Coastal Deeh, Guban, northwestern East Golis, Addun, and Hawd pastoral livelihood zones; Togdheer Agropastoral and Cowpea Agropastoral livelihood zones; and agropastoral areas in Bakool, Bay, Gedo, and Lower Juba regions.  

Food Security

Somalia Food Security Classification (March 2021 - September 2021)

Near term (March 2021 - May 2021) food security outcomes and forward-looking analysis representing the most likely food security outcomes for medium term (June 2021 - September 2021) periods.

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About FEWS NET

La Red de Sistemas de Alerta Temprana contra la Hambruna es un proveedor de primera línea de alertas tempranas y análisis sobre la inseguridad alimentaria. Creada por la USAID en 1985 con el fin de ayudar a los responsables de tomar decisiones a prever crisis humanitarias, FEWS NET proporciona análisis asentados en evidencia sobre unos 35 países. Entre los integrantes del equipo ejecutor figuran la NASA, NOAA, USDA y el USGS, así como Chemonics International Inc. y Kimetrica. Lea más sobre nuestro trabajo.

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