Ruanda

País de monitoria remota
Noviembre 2021

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3: Crisis
4: Emergencia
5: Hambruna
Se estima que seria al menos una fase peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
La manera de clasificación que utiliza FEWS NET es compatible con la CIF. Un análisisque es compatible con la CIF sigue los protocolos fundamentales de CIF pero nonecesariamente refleja el consenso de los socios nacionales en materia de seguridad alimentaria.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3+: Crisis o peor
Se estima que seria al menos una fase
peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
La manera de clasificación que utiliza FEWS NET es compatible con la CIF. Un análisisque es compatible con la CIF sigue los protocolos fundamentales de CIF pero nonecesariamente refleja el consenso de los socios nacionales en materia de seguridad alimentaria.
Para los países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza un contorno de color en el mapa CIF que representa la clasificación más alta de CIF en las áreas de preocupación.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

Países presenciales:
1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3: Crisis
4: Emergencia
5: Hambruna
Países de monitoreo remoto:
1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3+: Crisis o peor
Se estima que seria al menos una fase
peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
Para los países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza un contorno de color en el mapa CIF que representa la clasificación más alta de CIF en las áreas de preocupación.

IPC 2.0 Phase d'Insécurité Alimentaire Aiguë

1: Minimale
2: Stress
3: Crise
4: Urgence
5: Famine
Serait probablement pire, au moins une phase, sans l'assistance humanitaire en cours ou programmée
La manière de classification que FEWS NET utilise est compatible avec l’IPC. Une analyse qui est compatible avec l’IPC suit les principaux protocoles de l’IPC mais ne reflète pas nécessairement le consensus des partenaires nationaux en matière de sécurité alimentaire.

IPC 2.0 Phase d'Insécurité Alimentaire Aiguë

1: Minimale
2: Stress
3+: Crise ou pire
Serait probablement pire, au moins une phase, sans
l'assistance humanitaire en cours ou programmée
La manière de classification que FEWS NET utilise est compatible avec l’IPC. Une analyse qui est compatible avec l’IPC suit les principaux protocoles de l’IPC mais ne reflète pas nécessairement le consensus des partenaires nationaux en matière de sécurité alimentaire.
Pour les pays suivis à distance par FEWS NET, un contour coloré est utilisé pour représenter la classification de l’IPC la plus élevée dans les zones de préoccupation.

IPC 2.0 Phase d'Insécurité Alimentaire Aiguë

Pays de présence:
1: Minimale
2: Stress
3: Crise
4: Urgence
5: Famine
Pays suivis à distance:
1: Minimale
2: Stress
3+: Crise ou pire
Serait probablement pire, au moins une phase, sans
l'assistance humanitaire en cours ou programmée
Pour les pays suivis à distance par FEWS NET, un contour coloré est utilisé pour représenter la classification de l’IPC la plus élevée dans les zones de préoccupation.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurança Alimentar Aguda Baseado

1: Minima
2: Stress
3: Crise
4: Emergência
5: Fome
Poderia ser pior sem a assistência humanitária em vigor ou programad
A maneira de classificação que utiliza FEWS NET é compatível com a CIF. A análise compatível com a CIF segue os protocolos fundamentais da CIF mas não necessariamente reflete o consenso dos parceirosnacionais com respeito a segurança alimentar.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurança Alimentar Aguda Baseado

1: Minima
2: Stress
3+: Crise ou pior
Poderia ser pior sem a assistência
humanitária em vigor ou programad
A maneira de classificação que utiliza FEWS NET é compatível com a CIF. A análise compatível com a CIF segue os protocolos fundamentais da CIF mas não necessariamente reflete o consenso dos parceirosnacionais com respeito a segurança alimentar.
Para os países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza um contorno de cor no mapa CIF para representar a classificação mais alta da CIF nas áreas de preocupação.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurança Alimentar Aguda Baseado

Países com presença:
1: Minima
2: Stress
3: Crise
4: Emergência
5: Fome
Países sem presença:
1: Minima
2: Stress
3+: Crise ou pior
Poderia ser pior sem a assistência
humanitária em vigor ou programad
Para os países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza um contorno de cor no mapa CIF para representar a classificação mais alta da CIF nas áreas de preocupação.

Noviembre 2021 - Enero 2022

Febrero - Mayo 2022

CIF v3.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3+: Crisis o peor
Se estima que seria al menos una fase
peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
La manera de clasificación que utiliza FEWS NET es compatible con la CIF. Un análisisque es compatible con la CIF sigue los protocolos fundamentales de CIF pero nonecesariamente refleja el consenso de los socios nacionales en materia de seguridad alimentaria.
Para los países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza un contorno de color en el mapa CIF que representa la clasificación más alta de CIF en las áreas de preocupación.
Mensajes clave
  • Low September-December rainfall in areas of the Eastern Province resulted in wilting of up to 50 percent of beans, maize, and other crops. Poor rainfall is expected to result in below-average localized season A harvests, leading to early depletion of food stocks that will affect food security for rural households. Current food prices in the province are increasing with bean prices at atypically high levels between 550 – 570 RWF/Kg. However, adequate rainfall elsewhere is supporting favorable on-going Irish potato harvests in the Northern Province and widespread vegetable harvests across the country are improving food availability and access in both rural and urban areas. High demand for weeding and fertilizer application is driving above-average incomes from agricultural labor, aiding households in purchasing food to supplement depleting stocks in rural areas. The exception is in Eastern Province where income from agricultural labor is below average due to rainfall deficit. Overall, the availability of Irish potatoes and vegetables from the current season harvest together with inter-seasonal crops such as bananas and supplies from other countries are maintaining Minimal (IPC Phase 1) outcomes among rural households.

  • New daily COVID-19 cases averaged around 25 in November, a substantial reduction from over 2,000 daily cases in July 2021. The declining trend led to the government progressively lifting control measures put in place in July resulting in increased labor migration and business activities. Currently, there is a national curfew from midnight to 4:00am. Markets, hotels, restaurants, and public transport are operating at full capacity. The relaxation of restrictions contributed to increased income earning opportunities and improved trading especially in urban areas and along international borders. In addition, the on-going COVID-19 vaccination campaign has administered 8.08 million doses, with 22.1 percent of population fully immunized. The increased income earning opportunities together with improving cross-border trade is maintaining area-level Minimum (IPC Phase 1) outcomes in urban areas.

  • According to the National Institute of Statistics of Rwanda (NISR), the monthly ‘food and non-alcoholic beverages’ prices in October 2021 increased by 0.4 percent in urban areas but decreased in rural areas by 1.8 percent. Compared to October 2020 prices, October 2021 prices decreased by 2.1 and 14 percent in urban and rural areas, respectively. In rural areas, the overall monthly price decrease was driven by a 4.7 and 2.5 percent decrease in prices of ‘vegetables’, aided by a favorable Season A harvest, and non-alcoholic beverages. However, prices of other food items increased by between one and 7.6 percent in both rural and urban areas due to declining supply from rural areas at the start of the lean season and increased demand after the relaxation of COVID-19 restrictions.  Nationally, the consumer price index decreased slightly by 0.1 percent compared to September 2021, primarily driven by decreased cost of ‘vegetables’ of   4.2 percent.

  • The UNHCR estimated 127,000 refugees and asylum seekers in Rwanda remain vulnerable and food insecure, relying almost entirely on food assistance from humanitarian agencies like WFP. However, due to a funding shortfall, WFP reduced the number of beneficiaries and food rations sizes. As of September 2021, WFP only provides food assistance in form of cash-based transfers of 3,500 and 7,000 RWF to households considered moderately and most vulnerable, respectively. The food ration to the most vulnerable is 92 percent of the food basket instead of the recommended 100 percent while among the moderately vulnerable, it represents 46 percent of the cost of the food basket instead of the recommended 50 percent. The ration is further affected by food price increases in areas near camps where, for instance, in September prices increased by five percent in September compared to August 2021, but the cash transfer remained the same. Generally, the reduction in food assistance and loss of income opportunities due to the impact of past COVID-19 restrictions continue to drive Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes among the refugees.

Mercados y comercio

Price Watch
Price Bulletin
Cross Border Trade Report

Supply and Market Outlook

Medios de vida

Livelihoods Zone Narrative

Livelihood Zone Map

About FEWS NET

La Red de Sistemas de Alerta Temprana contra la Hambruna es un proveedor de primera línea de alertas tempranas y análisis sobre la inseguridad alimentaria. Creada por la USAID en 1985 con el fin de ayudar a los responsables de tomar decisiones a prever crisis humanitarias, FEWS NET proporciona análisis asentados en evidencia sobre unos 35 países. Entre los integrantes del equipo ejecutor figuran la NASA, NOAA, USDA y el USGS, así como Chemonics International Inc. y Kimetrica. Lea más sobre nuestro trabajo.

  • USAID Logo
  • USGS Logo
  • USDA Logo
  • NASA Logo
  • NOAA Logo
  • Kilometra Logo
  • Chemonics Logo