Key Message Update

Early bimodal harvests fill food gaps as food security improves in Karamoja

November 2019

November 2019 - January 2020

February - May 2020

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
National Parks/Reserves
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
Concentration of displaced people
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
National Parks/Reserves
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
Concentration of displaced people
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
Concentration of displaced people
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
National Parks/Reserves
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • In most bimodal areas, atypically early and well above-average rainfall between June/July and early November has supported above-normal crop development, though southwestern areas have experienced below-average rainfall. As a result, the green harvest of early planted maize, beans, and other pulses is currently available in the Eastern and Central regions and northern parts of the Western region. In southwestern areas, crops are in the advanced reproductive stage and will not be fully harvested until December. Despite some crop losses from heavy rainfall, the harvest is expected to be average to above-average in most areas, with Minimal (IPC Phase 1) outcomes expected through May.

  • In Karamoja, the start of the harvest in eastern parts of Kaabong and Kotido districts, coupled with declining sorghum retail prices, has significantly improved food availability. Throughout Karamoja, Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes have now improved to Stressed (IPC Phase 2). These outcomes expected to prevail through May, though some poor households will begin facing food gaps in March with the start of the lean season. Above-average pasture conditions and water availability prevail across Karamoja following above-average rainfall since June/July.

  • Continuous heavy rainfall and consequent flooding since June/July has led to widespread damage of roads in rural areas, as well as some crop damage in Eastern Uganda and landslides in Kasese and Bundibugyo districts. Households affected by crop losses, disruptions to trade, and destruction of residential and community facilities are engaging in some atypical levels of coping. Further heavy rainfall and flooding is expected throughout the remainder of November. According to the latest international forecasts, slightly above-average rainfall is now expected during the first bimodal rainy season from March to June.

  • According to UNHCR/OPM, the refugee population in Uganda reached 1,362,269 as of October 31, a two percent increase compared to September 2019. On average, 130 refugees arrived from DRC daily in October compared to 168 in September, while daily arrivals from South Sudan increased from 29 in September to 70 in October. About 51,116 Congolese and 29,308 South Sudanese have arrived in Uganda since the beginning of 2019. Availability of seasonal vegetables, access to some green harvest by a few households, and ongoing humanitarian food assistance is expected to support Stressed! (IPC Phase 2!) outcomes in these populations through December.

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on approximately 30 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, USGS, and CHC-UCSB, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica.
Learn more About Us.

Link to United States Agency for International Development (USAID)Link to the United States Geological Survey's (USGS) FEWS NET Data PortalLink to U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)
Link to National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Earth ObservatoryLink to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) National Weather Service, Climage Prediction CenterLink to the Climate Hazards Center - UC Santa BarbaraLink to KimetricaLink to Chemonics