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Early bimodal harvests fill food gaps as food security improves in Karamoja

  • Key Message Update
  • Uganda
  • November 2019
Early bimodal harvests fill food gaps as food security improves in Karamoja

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  • Key Messages
  • Key Messages
    • In most bimodal areas, atypically early and well above-average rainfall between June/July and early November has supported above-normal crop development, though southwestern areas have experienced below-average rainfall. As a result, the green harvest of early planted maize, beans, and other pulses is currently available in the Eastern and Central regions and northern parts of the Western region. In southwestern areas, crops are in the advanced reproductive stage and will not be fully harvested until December. Despite some crop losses from heavy rainfall, the harvest is expected to be average to above-average in most areas, with Minimal (IPC Phase 1) outcomes expected through May.

    • In Karamoja, the start of the harvest in eastern parts of Kaabong and Kotido districts, coupled with declining sorghum retail prices, has significantly improved food availability. Throughout Karamoja, Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes have now improved to Stressed (IPC Phase 2). These outcomes expected to prevail through May, though some poor households will begin facing food gaps in March with the start of the lean season. Above-average pasture conditions and water availability prevail across Karamoja following above-average rainfall since June/July.

    • Continuous heavy rainfall and consequent flooding since June/July has led to widespread damage of roads in rural areas, as well as some crop damage in Eastern Uganda and landslides in Kasese and Bundibugyo districts. Households affected by crop losses, disruptions to trade, and destruction of residential and community facilities are engaging in some atypical levels of coping. Further heavy rainfall and flooding is expected throughout the remainder of November. According to the latest international forecasts, slightly above-average rainfall is now expected during the first bimodal rainy season from March to June.

    • According to UNHCR/OPM, the refugee population in Uganda reached 1,362,269 as of October 31, a two percent increase compared to September 2019. On average, 130 refugees arrived from DRC daily in October compared to 168 in September, while daily arrivals from South Sudan increased from 29 in September to 70 in October. About 51,116 Congolese and 29,308 South Sudanese have arrived in Uganda since the beginning of 2019. Availability of seasonal vegetables, access to some green harvest by a few households, and ongoing humanitarian food assistance is expected to support Stressed! (IPC Phase 2!) outcomes in these populations through December.

    This Key Message Update provides a high-level analysis of current acute food insecurity conditions and any changes to FEWS NET's latest projection of acute food insecurity outcomes in the specified geography. Learn more here.

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