Key Message Update

Areas affected by flooding and landslides face deteriorating food security as food prices rise

January 2020

January 2020

February - May 2020

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
National Parks/Reserves
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
Concentration of displaced people
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
National Parks/Reserves
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
Concentration of displaced people
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
Concentration of displaced people
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
National Parks/Reserves
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • Heavy rainfall since late October has led to flooding and landslides that have destroyed homes, damaged infrastructure, and disrupted livelihoods in many eastern and western areas including Bulambuli, Bududa, Sironko, Manafwa, Soroti, Bukedea, Butaleja, Katakwi, Kumi, Ntoroko, and Bundibugyo districts. Many households in affected areas experienced severe crop damage, with little or no harvest available for own-consumption and sale. With food prices atypically high and food assistance inadequate, many households are reducing quantity and frequency of meals, with some who have lost all assets facing widening consumption gaps. In worst affected Bundibugyo district, Stressed (IPC Phase 2) outcomes are widespread, with deteriorating food security expected through May.

  • Atypically heavy rainfall since December has eased as of mid-January throughout most of the country. In bimodal areas, above-average rainfall has generally benefited perennial crops like bananas, coffee, tea, and sugarcane. However, production of crops sensitive to heavy rainfall including beans, groundnuts, and tubers is expected to be below average. Atypical rainfall in January has disrupted drying and post-harvest activities, leading to delays in transporting food to markets and significant losses for cereals, legumes, and cassava/sweet potato chips. As a result, household food stocks are expected to be below average, with below-average production for the second bimodal season expected overall.

  • Below-average supply and elevated transport costs due to deterioration of rural roads have resulted in atypical food price increases between November and December. Additional supplies are expected to bolster market stocks by February, though prices will likely remain significantly above average levels.  Consequetly, poor households in flood- and landslide-affected areas are facing constrained access to food and Stressed (IPC Phase 2) or worse outcomes, though Minimal (IPC Phase 1) area-level outcomes are expected in most areas. In Karamoja, staple food prices and above-average household food stocks are supporting Stressed (IPC Phase 2) outcomes. However, potential migration of locusts into the Karamoja region and neighboring bimodal areas poses a threat to March-June farming activities and overall production in affected areas.

  • Overall, the arrival rate of refugees from South Sudan and the DRC has been declining since May 2019. According to UNHCR/OPM a total of 31,663 refugees arrived from South Sudan and 57,242 arrived from the DRC throughout 2019 – below the refugee response plan estimate. As of December 31, 2019, Uganda hosted a total 1,381,122 refugees, over 95 percent of whom are entitled to humanitarian food assistance. However, a rapid increase in arrivals from the DRC ocurred in January, with over 1,400 recorded by UNHCR. Among these populations, assistance is supporting Stressed! (IPC Phase 2!) outcomes. Due to funding shortfalls, WFP currently anticipates ration cuts after March. In the absence of planned and funded assistance and potential ration cuts, deterioration to Crisis (IPC Phase 3) is expected.

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on approximately 30 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, USGS, and CHC-UCSB, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica.
Learn more About Us.

Link to United States Agency for International Development (USAID)Link to the United States Geological Survey's (USGS) FEWS NET Data PortalLink to U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)
Link to National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Earth ObservatoryLink to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) National Weather Service, Climage Prediction CenterLink to the Climate Hazards Center - UC Santa BarbaraLink to KimetricaLink to Chemonics