Key Message Update

Poor macroeconomic conditions expected to drive high needs through the lean season

May 2021

May 2021

June - September 2021

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Concentration of displaced people
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
Food security outcomes for displaced populations would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance.FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Concentration of displaced people
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
Food security outcomes for displaced populations would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance.FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Concentration of displaced people
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • Sudan is expected to face increased emergency humanitarian assistance needs through the lean season due to persistent poor macroeconomic conditions driving extremely high food prices and transportation costs, which are negatively impacting household purchasing capacity. Additional drivers include intercommunal conflicts that are displacing households and disrupting markets and livelihood activities in parts of Darfur, Kordofan, and Blue Nile states, and the continued influx of Ethiopian and South Sudanese refugees. Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes are expected among poor households, particularly IDPs, conflict-affected households, and pastoral and agropastoral households in South Kordofan, Darfur, Blue Nile, Kassala, Red Sea, and North Kordofan states, and urban poor households.

  • Despite commitments of 60 billion USD loan and financial relief for Sudan following the Paris Conference for Sudan, extremely poor macroeconomic conditions and high food and non-food item prices are expected to continue through the scenario period due to insufficient FOREX reserves and shortages of fuel, wheat, and wheat flour. In May, the parallel market rate increased to 436 SDG/USD compared to 393 SDG in April, while the official exchange rate remains at 407 SDG/USD. The FOREX is anticipated to remain between 350-410 SDG/USD through 2021.

  • The retail price of sorghum, millet, and locally produced wheat had mixed trends between April and May 2021, as sorghum and millet prices increased by 5-15 percent across most consumption markets due to the seasonally high demand for local consumption, high transportation costs, and the devaluation of the SDG. Locally produced wheat prices are relatively stable or slightly decreased in some individual production markets following the recently concluded winter season harvest. However, cereal prices remain close to double compared to their respective prices in 2020 and 400-500 percent above the five-year average. Prices are expected to continue to seasonally increase through the lean season.¬†

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on approximately 30 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, USGS, and CHC-UCSB, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica.
Learn more About Us.

Link to United States Agency for International Development (USAID)Link to the United States Geological Survey's (USGS) FEWS NET Data PortalLink to U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)
Link to National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Earth ObservatoryLink to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) National Weather Service, Climage Prediction CenterLink to the Climate Hazards Center - UC Santa BarbaraLink to KimetricaLink to Chemonics