Key Message Update

High food prices expected to drive high food assistance needs through the lean season

March 2021

March - May 2021

June - September 2021

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Concentration of displaced people
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
Food security outcomes for displaced populations would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance.FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Concentration of displaced people
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
Food security outcomes for displaced populations would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance.FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Concentration of displaced people
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • Across Sudan, the economic reforms and resulting high food and non-food prices are constraining household purchasing power and driving Stressed (IPC Phase 2) and Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes. The most affected households are daily wage laborers and poor farming and agropastoral communities, and IDPs and conflict-affected people in Darfur, South Kordofan, parts of Blue Nile. A higher than the typical number of households are expected to face Crisis (IPC Phase 3) and above food security outcomes during the lean season between April and September 2021.

  • As of March 25, 2021, the Sudanese Pound is being traded around 380 SDG/USD at commercial banks, slightly below the parallel market rate. Financial transactions of foreign currency have significantly increased in commercial banks, minimizing the gap between the managed and parallel markets. The SDG exchange rate is likely to remain stable at least through April 2021, dependent on the consistent availability of hard currency reserves. Following the SDG's devaluation, the price of locally produced and imported items has remained high but relatively stable. The high prices are expected to continue limiting household purchasing power and reduce market food access.

  • Staple food prices have continued to increase during the post-harvest period atypically. Between February and March, the price of sorghum, millet, and locally produced wheat increased 10 to 20 percent in most markets, 150-200 percent above respective prices last year, and 600-650 percent above the five-year average. Cereal prices are anticipated to continue increasing through the lean season driven by below-average market supplies and above-average demand for locally produced cereals due to reduced availability and high prices of imported wheat and wheat flour. The seasonally high demand during Ramadan and high production and transportation costs are also driving high food prices.

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on approximately 30 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, USGS, and CHC-UCSB, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica.
Learn more About Us.

Link to United States Agency for International Development (USAID)Link to the United States Geological Survey's (USGS) FEWS NET Data PortalLink to U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)
Link to National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Earth ObservatoryLink to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) National Weather Service, Climage Prediction CenterLink to the Climate Hazards Center - UC Santa BarbaraLink to KimetricaLink to Chemonics