Key Message Update

Sudan imposes transportation limits amid COVID-19 outbreak and large food security crisis

March 2020

March - May 2020

This map shows projected food security outcomes in Sudan for March to May 2020. Large areas of the country are in Stressed (IPC Phase 2), while small areas in southern and western Sudan are in Crisis (IPC Phase 3).

June - September 2020

This map shows projected food security outcomes in Sudan for March to May 2020. Large areas of the country are in Stressed (IPC Phase 2), and Crisis (IPC Phase 3), while small areas in southern and western Sudan are in Emergency (IPC Phase 4).

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Concentration of displaced people
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
Food security outcomes for displaced populations would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance.FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Concentration of displaced people
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
Food security outcomes for displaced populations would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance.FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Concentration of displaced people
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • Emergency food assistance needs are above average due to high staple food prices and lower than normal income resulting from the ongoing macroeconomic crisis in Sudan. Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes are expected to persist among IDPs in conflict-affected areas of Darfur, South Kordofan, and Blue Nile and among poor households in chronically food insecure areas of Sudan. During the June to September lean season, food security outcomes are likely to deteriorate further, and IDPs in SPLM-N controlled areas of South Kordofan and SPLA-AW controlled areas of Jebel Marra are expected to be in Emergency (IPC Phase 4) in the absence of humanitarian assistance.

  • The Sudanese Pound on the official market was devalued from 52 SDG/USD in February to 55 SDG/USD in March, while on the informal market it depreciated from 97 SDG/USD in January to 125-130 SDG/USD in February/March. Ongoing macroeconomic difficulties and the decreasing value of the Sudanese Pound have continued to result in higher prices of staple foods. Prices of sorghum and millet increased atypically by 10 to 20 percent in most markets between February and March 2020, reaching levels 75-120 percent higher than this time last year and 250-350 percent above the five-year average. 

  • Reports of increasing cases of COVID-19 in Sudan are concerning for potential impacts on household livelihoods, market functioning, as well as direct impacts on health. As of March 30, 2020, WHO reports 6 confirmed cases of COVID-19 and 2 deaths. In mid-March, the government of Sudan closed all official land border points in Sudan, mandated a nationwide curfew, and suspended bus transportation between cities and states in Sudan. 

  • Should COVID-19 or measures implemented to control the outbreak significantly disrupt trade or prevent households from accessing typical sources of income (such as labor migration), further increases in the severity and scope of food insecurity would be expected. In the coming months, restrictions on trade could also limit already difficult access to inputs for the upcoming agricultural season. This, in combination with restrictions on population movement, could constrain planting and labor during the agricultural season. Moreover, COVID-19 would likely further increase the risk of mortality for those populations whose health status is already compromised by acute malnutrition. 

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on approximately 30 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, USGS, and CHC-UCSB, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica.
Learn more About Us.

Link to United States Agency for International Development (USAID)Link to the United States Geological Survey's (USGS) FEWS NET Data PortalLink to U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)
Link to National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Earth ObservatoryLink to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) National Weather Service, Climage Prediction CenterLink to the Climate Hazards Center - UC Santa BarbaraLink to KimetricaLink to Chemonics