Key Message Update

Poor pasture conditions prompted distress sales of livestock in eastern Sudan

November 2015
2015-Q4-1-1-SD-en

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Concentration of displaced people
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
Food security outcomes for displaced populations would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance.FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Concentration of displaced people
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • The 2015/16 harvest is ongoing, and all indications are that it will be below average in some areas, largely due to below-average rainfall during El Niño. However, despite the below-average harvest, acute food insecurity is likely to be fairly stable in the near future. The stability is driven by the above-average marketable stocks from last year’s above-average harvest that have maintained stable staple food prices by keeping supply in markets available. The September to November national IPC acute analysis process estimated that nearly four million people would be in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or higher and in urgent need of humanitarian assistance through the end of November.

  • As a result of the below-average harvest, the lean season will likely start two months earlier than normal in March instead of May. The number of acute food insecure people likely to start to increase in March. Drought due to the El Niño, conflict, and lack of access to humanitarian assistance will place more people in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) this year during the lean season. Some households, mostly the displaced who cannot be reached by humanitarian assistance agencies, may move into Emergency (IPC Phase 4) at the beginning of the lean season in March, having grown very little food and having poor market access due to conflict and insecurity.

  • Low June to September rainfall, as a result of El Niño, led to poor pasture conditions in Kassala, North Darfur, North Kordofan, parts of Gadaref, and parts of East Darfur and West Kordofan States. In Kassala State, distress sales of livestock have increased the supply of livestock to markets, leading to prices falling since August. Consequently, livestock-to-sorghum terms of trade (TOT) have declined. In Kassala town, goat-to-sorghum TOT declined from 203 kilograms (kg) of sorghum per goat in July to 148 kg in September and to 109 kg in October. Similar patterns have occurred for other species, including sheep, cattle, and camels. This is likely to reduce the purchasing power of pastoralist, agropastoralists, and smallholders who typically sell livestock every year. 

  • From September to October, staple food prices either remained stable or slightly increased as the drawing down of above-average carryover stocks held by traders and commercial farmers from last year’s above-average harvest kept markets well supplied. However, some surplus-producing areas in eastern and central Sudan saw price increases between six and 12 percent, as traders adjusted expectations for the below-average harvest this year. Affected areas included Gadaref, Kosti, Senar, and Madani. October sorghum and millet prices were, on average, around 25 percent lower than last October and 45 percent above their five-year averages. While demand for cereals for consumption is likely to be higher than usual, as households with below-average harvests may need to buy more food over the course of the coming year, prices are not likely to increase abruptly between now and March with markets still supplied by stocks from last year and the incoming harvest.    

  • Continued conflict between the Sudan Armed Forces (SAF) and armed opposition groups in parts of Darfur has already displaced around 165,000 people in 2015. Nearly half of the new displacements occurred in North Darfur State in the localities of Mellit, Sayah, Kuma, Northern Jebel Marra, and Tawila. Slightly over a third of the displaced have returned to their original villages, mainly in Mellit and Sayah Localities in North Darfur State and Abu Karinka Locality in East Darfur State. Humanitarian agencies have thus far managed to provide assistance to nearly 60 percent of the new IDPs in Darfur. 

  • In Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-North  (SPLM-N-) controlled areas of Blue Nile and South Kordofan States, food security is deteriorating. The harvest is likely to be very low in some particularly dry spots, likely, in part, driven by El Niño during the rainy season. Without access to humanitarian assistance or opportunities to trade, these populations are likely to be much more acutely food insecure later in the year. Wadaka and Chali Counties in Blue Nile State and Dellami, parts of Heiban Umm Dorien, and Thobo Counties in South Kordofan State are the most food insecure areas in these states.  

     

    For more detailed analysis, see the Sudan Food Security Outlook for October 2015 to March 2016.

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on approximately 30 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, USGS, and CHC-UCSB, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica.
Learn more About Us.

Link to United States Agency for International Development (USAID)Link to the United States Geological Survey's (USGS) FEWS NET Data PortalLink to U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)
Link to National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Earth ObservatoryLink to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) National Weather Service, Climage Prediction CenterLink to the Climate Hazards Center - UC Santa BarbaraLink to KimetricaLink to Chemonics