Key Message Update

Food security deteriorates to Emergency (IPC Phase 4) in Northern Bahr el Ghazal

May 2016

May 2016

South Sudan May 2016 Food Security Projections for May

June - September 2016

South Sudan May 2016 Food Security Projections for June to September

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • Food security has significantly deteriorated in Northern Bahr el Ghazal. Staple food prices continue to increase due to high import costs associated with currency depreciation, and insecurity and poor road conditions along transportation routes that restrict imports. Since January 2016, over 69,000 people have migrated from Northern Bahr el Ghazal to Sudan, mainly due to food shortages. It is expected some households will experience significant food consumption gaps through July and be in Emergency (IPC Phase 4). 

  • In Greater Bahr el Ghazal and Greater Upper Nile (GUN), planting for the May to October season is ongoing, although localized insecurity in GUN and limited access to inputs in both areas are preventing some households from cultivating. In both areas it is likely more households will cultivate this year than in 2015, given some security improvements. In Central and Eastern Equatoria, crop production has been negatively impacted by erratic distribution of rainfall, but normal rainfall has supported favorable crop development in Western Equatoria.  

  • Emergency (IPC Phase 4) acute food insecurity persists in GUN as the lean season progresses and access to food and income remains limited. In May, households began seasonally returning livestock to homesteads, increasing household access to livestock products. Consumption is expected to further improve in June as fish and wild foods become seasonally available. However, significant improvement is not expected until the arrival of green harvests in September.  

  • Staple food prices continue to increase across most markets and remain significantly higher than both last year and the five-year average, restricting household food access. For example, in Juba, the price of sorghum in April was 259 percent higher than last year and 367 percent above the five-year average. Between April and May, the official exchange rate depreciated from 30.4 to 31.7 SSP/USD, while the unofficial exchange rate depreciated from 29.0 to 38.5 SSP/USD. 

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on approximately 30 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, USGS, and CHC-UCSB, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica.
Learn more About Us.

Link to United States Agency for International Development (USAID)Link to the United States Geological Survey's (USGS) FEWS NET Data PortalLink to U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)
Link to National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Earth ObservatoryLink to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) National Weather Service, Climage Prediction CenterLink to the Climate Hazards Center - UC Santa BarbaraLink to KimetricaLink to Chemonics