Key Message Update

Food consumption gaps widen as lean season progresses

March 2016

March - May 2016

South Sudan March 2016 Food Security Projections for March to May

June - September 2016

South Sudan March 2016 Food Security Projections for June to September

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • Moving into the typical lean season period, broad areas of northern Greater Upper Nile will be in Emergency (IPC Phase 4), with households facing an increased risk for high levels of malnutrition and excess mortality. Some households in central Unity State are expected to be facing an extreme lack of food and are in Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5).

  • The shortage of foreign currency and consistent depreciation of the South Sudanese Pound continue to make importing food commodities difficult. In the face of restricted supply of foreign exchange and depreciation of the South Sudanese Pound, local food prices continue to increase, constraining household market access. The price of 3.5 kg of sorghum in Rumbek was 70-80 SSP in March, 300 percent higher than the pre-crisis price. 

  • Concern for urban food insecurity remains high where many households are completely dependent on markets to access food and are unable to supplement their consumption through farming or livestock rearing. However, income-earning opportunities remain significantly below average. Additionally, the South Sudanese Pound further depreciated from 21.6 SSP/USD in mid-March to 32.2 SSP/USD on April 1st, further reducing the purchasing capacity of urban households. 

  • On March 29th, the Sudanese Government again closed its border with South Sudan, after opening the border in January for the first time since 2011. The open border had prompted a large number of people from Northern Bahr el Ghazal to migrate to Sudan in search of income-earning opportunities and greater food access. Increased migration from Eastern Equatoria to Uganda and Kenya was also reported in March. 

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on approximately 30 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, USGS, and CHC-UCSB, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica.
Learn more About Us.

Link to United States Agency for International Development (USAID)Link to the United States Geological Survey's (USGS) FEWS NET Data PortalLink to U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)
Link to National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Earth ObservatoryLink to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) National Weather Service, Climage Prediction CenterLink to the Climate Hazards Center - UC Santa BarbaraLink to KimetricaLink to Chemonics