Key Message Update

Large areas of Greater Upper Nile continue to face Emergency (IPC Phase 4)

January 2016
2015-Q4-1-2-SS-en

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • Large areas of Unity, as well as northern Jonglei and Upper Nile, are in Emergency (IPC Phase 4) acute food insecurity, and it is expected that a relatively smaller population of households are experiencing an extreme lack of food in central Unity as they face Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5). Broader areas of Greater Upper Nile and Eastern Equatoria will continue to be in Crisis (IPC Phase 3).

  • Although trade routes are now more passable following the secession of the rains, conflict continues to prevent traders from transporting goods to many areas of the country. This is particularly evident along routes originating in Western Equatoria where intermittent clashes are ongoing. Currently, the only somewhat functioning trade route supplying Greater Bahr el Ghazal is the Juba-Terekeka-Yirol-Rumbek road.

  • Even after the devaluation of the South Sudanese Pound in December imports remain low. Traders’ ability to import essential commodities remain limited due in part to reduced availability of foreign exchange. As of the last week of January, the parallel market exchange rate increased to SSP 28 per USD. The Government’s order to reduce taxes on essential commodities (food and fuel) by 40 percent is expected to reduce transaction costs for many goods.

  • The official opening of the border between Sudan and South Sudan announced by the Government of Sudan could lead to increased access to cross border migration for labor. Before closure of the border, many people, predominantly from Northern Bahr el Ghazal and Warrap, would migrate to Sudan between January and March for agriculture labor opportunities.

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on approximately 30 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, USGS, and CHC-UCSB, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica.
Learn more About Us.

Link to United States Agency for International Development (USAID)Link to the United States Geological Survey's (USGS) FEWS NET Data PortalLink to U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)
Link to National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Earth ObservatoryLink to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) National Weather Service, Climage Prediction CenterLink to the Climate Hazards Center - UC Santa BarbaraLink to KimetricaLink to Chemonics