Skip to main content

South Sudan

Presence country
South Sudan
South Sudan flag
Food Security Outlook Update
April 2024
Widespread Emergency (IPC Phase 4) amid high cost of assistance delivery
  • Food assistance needs in South Sudan are rising sharply as the lean season approaches due to the sustained negative impacts of conflict and/or flooding, high returnee burden, and seasonally low wild foods, and exacerbated by the deterioration in economic conditions since February. Area-level Crisis (IPC Phase 3) and Emergency (IPC Phase 4) outcomes are widespread, with some households expected to be in Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5) in parts of Pibor, and among returnee populations. Emergency (IPC Phase 4) or worse outcomes are expected to expand as the lean season progresses through the peak in July and August, particularly in parts of Jonglei and Unity where flooding and/or conflict are expected to disrupt humanitarian deliveries, trade, and livelihoods. 
  • South Sudan’s macroeconomic conditions have further worsened in April due to sustained large losses in oil revenue caused by the February rupture – and ongoing disruptions to repairs of – a main oil pipeline in Sudan carrying South Sudanese oil for export. This has led to deterioration and high volatility in the exchange rate which, when combined with government imposition of several new customs and border fees, is driving up import inflation and food and fuel prices. The rising cost of living is particularly impacting those in urban areas where market dependence is highest.  
  • Humanitarian operations in April have been directly impacted by the new customs/border fees, particularly those imposed on fuel, despite South Sudanese law stating that humanitarians are exempt from such taxes. WFP estimates that 60,000 people have been affected by missed deliveries due to the taxes, a figure likely to rise to 145,000 by May if the situation is not resolved. Humanitarians are in midst of scaling up the critical lean season response, with plans to distribute food to 2.6 million people in April; however, assistance delivery will remain disrupted by these high costs, insecurity and logistic challenges, and insufficient funding. 
  • The daily influx of people fleeing Sudan has slowed to an average 800 people per day, compared to average daily arrival rates of 1,400 to 1,500 in February and March. Cumulatively, over 655,000 returnees and refugees have arrived in South Sudan since April 2023. This high burden continues to exacerbate the humanitarian crisis in South Sudan, amid rising cost of delivering assistance. 
  • While not the most-likely scenario, a risk of Famine (IPC Phase 5) exists in the upcoming lean season in parts of north-central Unity and Upper Nile. If severe flooding occurs along with periods of intense conflict and impedes households’ mobility and access to assistance for a prolonged period, particularly in areas with a high burden of returnees unfamiliar with traditional coping mechanisms and already experiencing Critical levels of acute malnutrition, Famine (IPC Phase 5) could occur.
Read the full analysis
Latest Analysis Latest Analysis
View All South Sudan Analysis
Food Security
Food Security Outlook Widespread Emergency (IPC Phase 4) likely at the peak of the lean season South Sudan February - September 2024
Agroclimatology
No reports available.
Markets & Trade
Price Bulletin South Sudan Price Bulletin South Sudan April 2024
Price Bulletin South Sudan Price Bulletin South Sudan March 2024
Price Bulletin South Sudan Price Bulletin South Sudan February 2024
Alerts / Special Reports
No reports available.
Food Security
Food Security Outlook Widespread Emergency (IPC Phase 4) likely at the peak of the lean season South Sudan February - September 2024
Agroclimatology
No reports available.
Markets & Trade
Price Bulletin South Sudan Price Bulletin South Sudan April 2024
Price Bulletin South Sudan Price Bulletin South Sudan March 2024
Price Bulletin South Sudan Price Bulletin South Sudan February 2024
Alerts / Special Reports
No reports available.
Food Security Outlook Briefings Food Security Outlook Briefings
View more South Sudan videos

South Sudan (June 2023 - January 2024)

 
Food Security Classification Data View all South Sudan classification data
South Sudan Acute Food Insecurity Classification (April 2024 - September 2024)

Forward-looking analysis representing the most likely food security outcomes for the near term (April 2024 - May 2024) and medium term (June 2024 - September 2024) periods.

South Sudan Acute Food Insecurity Classification Shapefile April 2024 (.zip) (ZIP) South Sudan Acute Food Insecurity Classification April 2024 (.geojson) (GeoJSON) Near Term Projection: April 2024 - May 2024 (.png) (PNG) Medium Term Projection: June 2024 - September 2024 (.png) (PNG) Near Term Projection: April 2024 - May 2024 (.kml) (KML) Medium Term Projection: June 2024 - September 2024 (.kml) (KML)
South Sudan Acute Food Insecurity Classification (March 2024 - September 2024)

Forward-looking analysis representing the most likely food security outcomes for the near term (March 2024 - May 2024) and medium term (June 2024 - September 2024) periods.

South Sudan Acute Food Insecurity Classification Shapefile March 2024 (.zip) (ZIP) South Sudan Acute Food Insecurity Classification March 2024 (.geojson) (GeoJSON) Near Term Projection: March 2024 - May 2024 (.png) (PNG) Medium Term Projection: June 2024 - September 2024 (.png) (PNG) Near Term Projection: March 2024 - May 2024 (.kml) (KML) Medium Term Projection: June 2024 - September 2024 (.kml) (KML)
South Sudan Acute Food Insecurity Classification (February 2024 - September 2024)

Current (February 2024) food security outcomes and forward-looking analysis representing the most likely food security outcomes for the near term (February 2024 - May 2024) and medium term (June 2024 - September 2024) periods.

South Sudan Acute Food Insecurity Classification Shapefile February 2024 (.zip) (ZIP) South Sudan Acute Food Insecurity Classification February 2024 (.geojson) (GeoJSON) Current Situation: February 2024 (.png) (PNG) Near Term Projection: February 2024 - May 2024 (.png) (PNG) Medium Term Projection: June 2024 - September 2024 (.png) (PNG) Current Situation: February 2024 (.kml) (KML) Near Term Projection: February 2024 - May 2024 (.kml) (KML) Medium Term Projection: June 2024 - September 2024 (.kml) (KML)
Seasonal Calendar Seasonal Calendar
Description

The Seasonal Calendar shows the annual and cyclical patterns of key food and income sources in a country throughout the typical year.

South Sudan Seasonal Calendar
Production & Trade Flow Maps
FEWS NET captures the market networks for a product in a given country or region, including their catchments and trade flow patterns.
Maize, Season 1 Sorghum, Season 1 Sorghum, Season 2
Satellite-Derived Products Satellite-Derived Products
Description

USGS-provided data and imagery supports FEWS NET's monitoring efforts of weather and climate throughout the world.

View all Satellite-Derived Products
Livelihood Zone Resources Livelihood Zone Resources
South Sudan Livelihood Zone Descriptions, November 2018 South Sudan Livelihood Zones and Descriptions, August 2013 Southern Sudan Rural Baseline, September 2006 South Sudan Seasonal Monitoring Calendars, November 2009 South Sudan Livelihood Zone Map
Get the latest food security updates in your inbox Sign up for emails

The information provided on this Website is not official U.S. Government information and does not represent the views or positions of the U.S. Agency for International Development or the U.S. Government.

Jump back to top