Special Report

Food security will improve in early 2013.

December 2012

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Concentration of displaced people
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Concentration of displaced people
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.
Partners: 
FSNAU
FAO
UK Aid
Sida
Cooperazlone Italiana alo Sviluppo
Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation
UNICEF
UNHCR
CHF Somalia
European Commission

Summary

The analysis of the FSNAU’s preliminary post-Deyr 2012 assessment and monthly monitoring data suggest that the food security and nutrition situation in Somalia will continue improving in the first half of 2013. Thus, the number of population in food security crisis will reduce in post-Deyr and most livelihoods in Somalia are likely to be classified in Stressed (Phase 2) based on the Integrated Phase Classification (IPC) scale. However, the livestock dependent coastal areas of central and northern Somalia (including Bandarbeyla district) as well as the agropastoral livelihood zone in Jamame district are likely to remain in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) due to constrained access to food by poor households as a result of limited livestock assets and the looming poor Deyr harvest in Jamame in January-February 2013. No Emergency (IPC Phase 4) is anticipated in rural and urban livelihoods of the country over the projection period. However, the Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) in the settlements who have limited access to food will remain in food security crisis. The recent nutrition surveys indicate sustained Critical to Very Critical nutrition situations in most IDP settlements in the North and in the central regions. The nutrition situation in the South, in a few areas in the North and in the central regions is likely to remain Critical to Very Critical. This scenario is largely attributable to the underlying causes of malnutrition in Somalia such as lack of health infrastructure and poor feeding practices as well as expected seasonal outbreaks of Acute Watery Diarrhea (AWD) and measles during the next rainy season from April to June. Humanitarian assistance will be required to meet the food and nutrition needs of IDPs and other vulnerable groups. Interventions aimed at protecting livelihoods, reducing food consumption gaps and reducing acute malnutrition will be needed in the livelihoods identified in Crisis (IPC Phase 3). Programs for disaster risk reduction, protecting livelihoods, and building resilience will be appropriate in the rest of the country, where the population in Stress (IPC Phase 2) will not be able to meet essential non-food expenditures without engaging in irreversible coping strategies. 

 

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About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on some 28 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, USGS, and CHC-UCSB, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica. Read more about our work.

Link to United States Agency for International Development (USAID)Link to the United States Geological Survey's (USGS) FEWS NET Data PortalLink to U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)
Link to National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Earth ObservatoryLink to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) National Weather Service, Climage Prediction CenterLink to the Climate Hazards Center - UC Santa BarbaraLink to KimetricaLink to Chemonics