Skip to main content

No Gu rainfall reported in most parts of the country in early June

  • Seasonal Monitor
  • Somalia
  • June 13, 2017
No Gu rainfall reported in most parts of the country in early June

Download the Report

  • Preface
  • Situation
  • Partner


    Between June 1 and 10, no rainfall was reported in nearly all areas of the country (Figure 1). The exception to this was a small area of Northwest Agropastoral livelihood zone of Hargeisa District in Woqooyi Galbeed that received 10-25 millimeters (mm) of rainfall during the reporting period. Throughout the country, the lack of rainfall was approximately 10 mm below the short-term mean (Figure 2). This is the third consecutive reporting period of either below-average rainfall or no rainfall in large parts of southern, central, and northern Somalia.


    In the Northwest, no rainfall was reported between June 1 and 10 in all livelihood zones of Awdal, Togdheer, Sool, and Sanaag Regions, and most livelihood zones of Woqooyi Galbeed Region. The only exception was a small area of Northwest Agroapstoral livelihood zone of Woqooyi Galbeed where 10-25 mm of rainfall were reported. 

    In the Northeast, there was no rainfall reported in Northern Inland Pastoral, Hawd, Addun, East Golis, or Coastal Deeh livelihood zones of Bari, Nugaal, and northern Mudug. The dry conditions are likely to negatively impact rangeland resources throughout the Northeast, which were only recently beginning to regenerate with May rainfall.  

    In central regions, following erratic and poorly distributed rainfall in April and May, no rainfall was reported in all livelihood zones of Galgaduud and southern Mudug between June 1 and 10. The dry spell is expected to negatively affect the already below-average rangeland conditions in pastoral livelihood zones and may lead to moisture stress among late-planted cowpea crops in Elbur, Elder, and Harardhere Districts.  

    In the South, little to no rainfall was reported between June 1 and 10. This 10-day dry spell follows below-average rainfall throughout April and May. It is expected late-planted Gu crops have been negatively impacted by the lack of rainfall in late May and early June. Due to below-average rainfall in the upper Ethiopian highlands, river water levels in the Juba and Shabelle Rivers have declined and are currently below normal. Field reports noted that the river level in Beledweyne District of Hiiraan declined from 6.5 meters during the previous reporting period to 5 meters currently. However, forecast average to above-average rainfall in the highlands in the coming week is expected to increase river water levels in Somalia. 

    The satellite-derived eMODIS Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) shows improvements in vegetation conditions in many areas of southern and northern Somalia (Figure 3), likely due to rainfall that was received in May. The seven-day rainfall forecast ending June 19 suggests that little to no rainfall will be received throughout the country in the next ten days. Exceptions to this are in isolated areas of East Golis and Northern Inland Pastoral livelihood zones of Bari and Sanaag and in a few areas of Lower and Middle Juba (Figure 4).  

    For more rain gauge data, please, contact or visit


    Figure 1

    Figure 1. Satellite estimated rainfall in millimeters (mm), June 1-10, 2017

    Source: USGS/FEWS NET

    Figure 2

    Figure 2. Satellite estimated rainfall anomaly in mm from 2005 to 2009 mean, June 1-10, 2017

    Source: USGS/FEWS NET

    Figure 3

    Figure 3. eMODIS Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) anomaly from 2001-2010 mean, June 1-10, 2017

    Source: USGS/FEWS NET

    Figure 4

    Figure 4. Global Forecast System (GFS) rainfall forecast in mm for June 14 to 20, 2017

    Source: NOAA

    FEWS NET’s Seasonal Monitor reports are produced for Central America and the Caribbean, West Africa, East Africa, Central Asia, and Somalia every 10-to-30 days during the region’s respective rainy season(s). Seasonal Monitors report updates on weather events (e.g., rainfall patterns) and associated impacts on ground conditions (e.g., cropping conditions, pasture and water availability), as well as the short-term rainfall forecast. Find more remote sensing information here.

    Get the latest food security updates in your inbox Sign up for emails

    The information provided on this Website is not official U.S. Government information and does not represent the views or positions of the U.S. Agency for International Development or the U.S. Government.

    Jump back to top