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Gu rains subsided in most of South-Central Somalia and parts of the North

  • Seasonal Monitor
  • Somalia
  • June 13, 2014
Gu rains subsided in most of South-Central Somalia and parts of the North

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  • Summary
  • Situation
  • Partner
    USGS

    Summary
    From June 1 to 10, field reports and satellite rainfall estimates indicate rains ranging from 1 to 50 millimeters (mm) were received in most of the North and in some parts of the South. However, there was little or no rain in most of Awdal and Woqooyi Galbeed Regions in the Northwest, and much of the central and southern parts of the country (Figure 1). Rainfall was well below the 2001 to 2013 mean in most of South-Central Somalia, Awdal, Woqooyi Galbeed, parts of Sanaag, and parts of Bari Region (Figure 2).

    Situation

    In the Northwest, in Togdheer, three days of moderate to light rain fell in parts of East and West Golis and Hawd Pastoral livelihood zones in Sheikh, Burao, and Odweyne Districts. In addition, localized light to moderate rains were received in parts of the Sool Plateau, the northern Nugal Valley, and East Golis Pastoral livelihood zone in Sanaag Region. In Sool Region, localized moderate rain was reported in many parts of the Nugal Valley, the Sool Plateau, and the Hawd. The intensity and distribution of rains was average in the eastern Nugal Valley where April and May rainfall was below average in terms of amount. However, localized light rains were reported in the Hawd, including in Burao and Hargeysa Districts and in agropastoral areas in Togdheer. The rest of the Northwest, including Awdal and most parts of Woqooyi Galbeed Regions remained dry.

    In the Northeast in Nugal and northern Mudug, moderate rain fell in most parts of the Hawd in Burtinle, Garowe, and Galkayo Districts. Moderate rainfall was also reported in many parts of the Sool Plateau and Nugal Valley in Eyl and Garowe Districts. However, rains were light to none in some parts of Addun Pastoral and Coastal Deeh Pastoral livelihood zones. In Bari Region, moderate to light rains fell over most of the Sool Plateau and Dharoor Valley. Rainfall was below average in East Golis Pastoral and Coastal Deeh Pastoral livelihood zones, so livestock were migrated to neighboring livelihood zones.

    In the central regions of Galgaduud and southern Mudug, most areas were dry. Only sporadic, light showers fell in some parts of Addun Pastoral livelihood zone and the Hawd. They were insufficient to regenerate pasture or refill water sources. Dry weather continued in most of the Coastal Deeh Pastoral livelihood zone and the cowpea belt, resulting in moisture stress of crop and a decrease in pasture and water availability.

    In the South, drier than normal weather continued. In Bakool, Hiraan, the Shabelle Regions, and most of Gedo excluding Bardhera District, field reports and satellite-derived rainfall estimates showed little or no rain. Scattered, light rain was reported in most of Middle Juba and parts of Lower Juba in Hagar and Afmadow Districts, but coastal areas in the Jubas and neighboring agropastoral areas in Kismayo, Jamame, and Badade Districts received significant amounts of rain. A rain gauge reading from Jamame was for 62 mm from June 1 to 10. In Bay, most of the agropastoral areas had light precipitation, but western Dinsor District received a one day of moderate rainfall. Rain gauge readings from Baidoa and Qansaxdhere were 8 mm and 3 mm, respectively. However, maize and sorghum are generally developing normally in the riverine areas of the Shabelle and Juba Regions, in irrigated riverine areas in Hiraan, and in agropastoral areas in Bay. However, less normal, slower crop and forage development has been reported in agropastoral areas in Bakool, Middle Juba, Gedo, and Hiraan, and pastoral areas in Bakool and northern Gedo.

    The Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) (Figure 3) shows that current vegetation conditions in most of the country are generally within the normal range, following recent and earlier rain. However, decreased vegetation vigor is observable in coastal areas of Shabelles, parts of the Jubas, Gedo, Bakool, Hiraan, the central regions, and East Golis Pastoral livelihood zone in Sanaag Region. The Global Forecast System (GFS) precipitation forecast for June 14 to 20 forecasts very little rain across the country (Figure 4).

    For more rain gauge data, please, contact So-Hydro@fao.org or visit http://www.faoswalim.org.

    Figures Figure 1. Rainfall estimate (RFE2) in mm, June 1 to 10, 2014

    Figure 1

    Figure 1. Rainfall estimate (RFE2) in mm, June 1 to 10, 2014

    Source: USGS/FEWS NET

    Figure 2. Anomaly in mm from 2001 to 2013 mean, June 1 to 10, 2014

    Figure 2

    Figure 2. Anomaly in mm from 2001 to 2013 mean, June 1 to 10, 2014

    Source: USGS/FEWS NET

    Figure 3. eMODIS Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) anomaly from 2001 to 2013 mean, June 1 to 10, 2014

    Figure 3

    Figure 3. eMODIS Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) anomaly from 2001 to 2013 mean, June 1 to 10, 2014

    Source: USGS/FEWS NET

    Figure 4. Global Forecast System (GFS) rainfall forecast in mm for June 14 to 20, 2014

    Figure 4

    Figure 4. Global Forecast System (GFS) rainfall forecast in mm for June 14 to 20, 2014

    Source: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)

    Seasonal calendar in a typical year

    Figure 1

    Seasonal calendar in a typical year

    Source: FEWS NET

    FEWS NET’s Seasonal Monitor reports are produced for Central America and the Caribbean, West Africa, East Africa, Central Asia, and Somalia every 10-to-30 days during the region’s respective rainy season(s). Seasonal Monitors report updates on weather events (e.g., rainfall patterns) and associated impacts on ground conditions (e.g., cropping conditions, pasture and water availability), as well as the short-term rainfall forecast. Find more remote sensing information here.

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