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Moderate to light rains fell in most parts of the South and central regions in late November

  • Seasonal Monitor
  • Somalia
  • December 2, 2014
Moderate to light rains fell in most parts of the South and central regions in late November

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  • Summary
  • Situation
  • Partner
    USGS

    Summary

    Moderate to light rains ranging from 10 to 75 millimeters (mm) with average to poor spatial coverage were received in most parts of the country, including localized areas in the North, parts of the central regions, and most parts of the southern regions (Figure 1). The rainfall estimate (RFE2) for November 21 to 30 was about 10 mm below the 2000-to-2013 average in most parts of the country. However, in some parts of the southern regions, rainfall was 10 to 25 mm above average (Figure 2).


    Situation

    In the Northwest, moderate rains with typical spatial distribution were received in the Hawd of Woqooyi Galbeed and Buhadole Districts in Togdheer, and Guban Pastoral livelihood zone in Zaylac District. Localized, moderate rains were also reported in Sool and Sanaag Regions. As a result of these moderate rains, water and pasture availability increased in pastoral areas. However, most parts of Awdal, Togdheer, and Woqooyi Galbeed Regions, and the Gabi Valley remained dry during the last 10 days of November.

    In the Northeast, moderate rains with typical distribution fell in most parts of the Sool Plateau in Bari Region, while, localized moderate rains were reported in East Golis and Coastal Deeh Pastoral livelihood zones. However, Karkaar-Dharor Pastoral livelihood zone remained dry. Light to moderate rains with typical spatial distribution fell in all of Nugaal Region and northern Mudug Region. These rains alleviated water shortages and improved pasture conditions.

    In the central regions, moderate rains with typical spatial distribution were reported in most parts of the cowpea belt and Coastal Deeh Pastoral livelihood zone. Most parts of the Hawd and Addun Pastoral livelihood zone received light showers, but there was some highly localized, moderate rainfall. Pasture conditions improved and water availability increased in most areas. Similarly, the cowpea crop is becoming established.

    In the South, most areas received moderate to light rains with typical spatial and temporal distribution, according to both satellite-derived rainfall estimates and field reports. Most parts of Bay, Gedo, Middle Shabelle, and Lower Juba Regions received moderate rains. Bakool Region received moderate to heavy rains with both typical spatial and temporal distribution. Rain gauge readings from Xudur town in Bakool District indicate 49 mm fell during three days. Dinsor, Qansaxdhere, and Baidoa in Bay Region had 79.0 mm, 38.0 mm, and 20.0 mm of rainfall with three, five, and two rainy days, respectively. Light to moderate rains with typical spatial distribution were received in most parts of Middle Juba and Hiraan Regions. Pasture and water resources were available in these regions. Crops were mainly at the flowering stage. In coastal areas in Lower Shabelle and Lower Juba, only very light, localized, and poorly distributed showers occurred. In addition, agropastoral areas in Lower Shabelle Region remained dry, resulting in moisture stress for standing maize and cowpea crops.

    The satellite-derived eMODIS Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) indicates that vegetation levels have improved this month in most parts of the country. However, vegetation remains below the 2001-to-2010 mean in most parts of Gedo, Middle and Lower Juba, and Lower Shabelle Regions in the South, as well as parts of Hiraan and Galgaduud Regions (Figure 3). The forecast for December 3 to 9 indicates that most parts of the country will remain dry with an exception of coastal areas on the Indian Ocean, which are likely to receive moderate rains of up to 30 mm (Figure 4). There is also likelihood of showers in Guban Pastoral livelihood zone in Awdal Region in the Northwest.

    For more rain gauge data, please, contact Hydro@faoswalim.org or visit www.faoswalim.org.

    Figures Seasonal calendar in a typical year

    Figure 1

    Seasonal calendar in a typical year

    Source: FEWS NET

    Figure 1. Estimated rainfall (RFE2) in millimeters (mm), November 21 to 30, 2014

    Figure 2

    Figure 1. Estimated rainfall (RFE2) in millimeters (mm), November 21 to 30, 2014

    Source: U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)/FEWS NET

    Figure 2. November 21 to 30, 2014 rainfall anomaly (RFE2) in mm from 2000-2013 mean

    Figure 3

    Figure 2. November 21 to 30, 2014 rainfall anomaly (RFE2) in mm from 2000-2013 mean

    Source: USGS/FEWS NET

    gure 3. eMODIS Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) anomaly from 2001-2010 mean, November 21 to 30, 2014

    Figure 4

    gure 3. eMODIS Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) anomaly from 2001-2010 mean, November 21 to 30, 2014

    Source: USGS/FEWS NET

    Figure 4. Global Forecast System (GFS) rainfall forecast in mm for December 3 to December 9, 2014

    Figure 5

    Figure 4. Global Forecast System (GFS) rainfall forecast in mm for December 3 to December 9, 2014

    Source: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)/Climate Prediction Cente…

    FEWS NET’s Seasonal Monitor reports are produced for Central America and the Caribbean, West Africa, East Africa, Central Asia, and Somalia every 10-to-30 days during the region’s respective rainy season(s). Seasonal Monitors report updates on weather events (e.g., rainfall patterns) and associated impacts on ground conditions (e.g., cropping conditions, pasture and water availability), as well as the short-term rainfall forecast. Find more remote sensing information here.

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