Seasonal Monitor

Rainfall remains above average in Rwanda, Burundi, Tanzania and southern Kenya

February 10, 2016

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Not mapped
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
National Parks/Reserves
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
Not mapped
Concentration of displaced people – hover over maps to view food security phase classifications for camps in Somalia, Sudan, and Uganda.
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.
Partners: 
USGS

Key Messages

  • January rainfall has remained above average for much of Rwanda, Burundi, Tanzania, and neighbouring districts in southern Kenya, due to the on-going moderate to heavy rains (Figure 1), which can be attributed in part to the ongoing strong El Niño event. Above-average rainfall is expected to continue in the coming one to two weeks. 

  • In northeastern Amhara and Tigray in Ethiopia, sporadic and unseasonal light to moderate rains since December triggered early planting of short-cycle crops and helped to replenish water points and pasture for livestock.

  • Rainfall remained poorly distributed in January following a delayed onset in October over parts of marginal agricultural areas of southeastern lowlands of Kenya, southern coastal areas of Somalia, and northeastern Tanzania, resulting in significant crop moisture stress which is expected to result in reduced yields in these areas. 

Seasonal Progress

January rainfall has remained above average for much of Rwanda, Burundi, Tanzania, and neighbouring districts in southern Kenya, due to the on-going moderate to heavy rains (Figure 1), which can be attributed in part to the ongoing strong El Niño event. However, the rest of the region has remained dry and hot, as is normal in January, which is expected to be favorable for harvesting maize in key producing areas of western and central Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, and Burundi.

In parts of northeastern Amhara and Tigray, unseasonal light to moderate rains continued in January, which encouraged early planting of short-cycle crops coupled with improved pasture, browse, and surface water conditions in these areas. However, pastoral areas of northern Ethiopia, Djibouti, and northern Somalia have remained generally dry, with deteriorating rangeland resources due to the ongoing El Niño-induced severe drought, exacerbated by hotter-than-average land surface temperatures.

Meanwhile, rangeland resources (both pasture and water resources) have above average for this time of year in central Somalia, Kenya, Uganda, parts of southern Ethiopia, and parts of northern and southern Tanzania, with above-average vegetation depicted in Figure 2. 

Meanwhile, pastoral areas in Sudan, South Sudan, Djibouti, and northern Somalia, are seasonally dry. However, they are expansive areas of drier-than-average vegetation condition in northeastern Ethiopia and parts of the Rift Valley, southern Somalia, northeastern and southeastern Kenya, and northeastern and central Tanzania, in response to below-average rains in the recent past months. The dry and hot season is expected to continue for much of these areas, until the onset of the Belg and Long-rains seasons in the next one to two months.

Rapid assessments reports in Kenya by FEWS NET and partners are suggesting slightly above-average maize production in Kenya, with expected below-average maize yields prospects in marginal southeastern lowlands and parts of the coastal regions, due to shortened length of growing period, coupled with poor rainfall distribution and amounts. Similary, for the coastal strip of southern Somalia and parts of extreme northeastern Tanzania, where the current crop conditions are in stressed levels and are expected to result in reduced yield.

Forecast

The short-term rainfall forecasts for the next two weeks (NOAA/GFS) indicate a continuation of above-average (moderate to heavy) rains for much of Tanzania, parts of southern Kenya, and, western Burundi (Figure 3). The rest of the East Africa region is expected to be seasonally dry, due to the establishment of the rain-belt in Tanzania and Southern Africa countries. However, continued above-average rains southern Tanzania and the forecast heavy rains in southern coastal areas of Tanzania, there is an increased risk of flooding in these regions.

About this Report

The seasonal monitor, produced by the FEWS NET USGS regional scientist and FEWS NET Regional Technical Manager, updates rainfall totals, the impact on production, and the short-term forecast. It is produced every 20 days during the production season. Find more remote sensing information here.

 

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on some 28 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, and USGS, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica. Read more about our work.

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