Key Message Update

Easing of COVID-19 lockdown improves food security for urban households

May 2020

May 2020

The map shows the highest phase classification is Stressed (IPC Phase 2).

June - September 2020

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • On May 4, the government allowed public administration services and private businesses to reopen under strict health and safety measures. Schools remain closed and travel between provinces or into Kigali is not authorized except for essential workers. The majority of Kigali residents who work in the informal sector remain Stressed (IPC Phase 2) but are expected to return to Minimal (IPC Phase 1) by July/August 2020 assuming that income earning opportunities return to near pre-COVID-19 levels. On June 1, the government will determine whether to further relax COVID-19 movement restrictions.

  • The above-average rainfall has been beneficial to most Season B crops but has negatively affected moisture-sensitive beans, particularly in the marshlands where approximately 10-15 percent of beans are grown. According to key informants, the Season B harvest in May-June is expected to be average, but bean production is anticipated to be 10 percent below average. The upcoming August-October Season C harvest, which accounts for approximately 15 percent of national production, is expected to be above average. According to RATIN in East Africa, April retail prices for maize and beans in Kigali were 19 and 3 percent below the three-year average. Compared to last year, maize prices were 19 percent lower, while bean prices were 14 percent higher in April. Food prices are expected to decline through August with the incoming Season B and C harvests, and the anticipated continued relaxation of COVID-19 movement restrictions.

  • In early May, heavy rains caused localized flooding and landslides across the districts of Gakenke, Musanze, Nyabihu, Muganga, Ruhango, Rubavu and Ngororero. Media reports estimate 72 fatalities, more than 91 houses destroyed, five bridges damaged, and severe damage to several roads particularly the ones connecting the capital Kigali to rural areas. The worst-affected households are currently Stressed! (IPC Phase 2!) and receiving food and non-food assistance from the National Safety Net Program; they are expected to improve to None! (IPC Phase 1!)  by June 2020 with the incoming harvests.

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on approximately 30 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, USGS, and CHC-UCSB, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica.
Learn more About Us.

Link to United States Agency for International Development (USAID)Link to the United States Geological Survey's (USGS) FEWS NET Data PortalLink to U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)
Link to National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Earth ObservatoryLink to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) National Weather Service, Climage Prediction CenterLink to the Climate Hazards Center - UC Santa BarbaraLink to KimetricaLink to Chemonics