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Very heavy rainfall continued in May, exacerbating previous flooding and landslides, which according to the Government of Rwanda, led to about 250 deaths, 50,000 displaced people, 10,000 destroyed homes, 6,000 hectares of crop losses, and severe infrastructure damages. As a result, many poor households in severely affected areas are likely experiencing Stressed (IPC Phase 2) outcomes. However, through September, the highest area classification in the country is estimated to be Minimal (IPC Phase 1).
The worst-affected districts are Karongi and Ngororero in Western Province, Gicumbi and Gakenke in Northern Province, as well as Bugesera and Kirehe in Eastern Province. The Government of Rwanda has already released around USD six million for countrywide relief and rehabilitation efforts, providing food and shelter support for most of the affected households and is expected to create income-generating infrastructure repair projects. Additional funding may be needed once assessments have been completed.
According to key informants, the above-average rainy season will cause a 30 to 40 percent loss of bean production and near-total loss of the rice harvest in small marshland areas with poorer drainage. Rice, which represents a major income source for eastern farmers, is likely to constrain household purchasing power. However, since other crops, such as roots and tubers, have benefited from the rainfall, the total Season B crop harvest in June may still likely be average.
Approximately 130,000 refugees live in camps in Rwanda and rely on WFP for about 75 percent of their minimum daily food requirements. Refugees had been seeking labor opportunities outside of the camps to supplement their other food and essential non-food needs. However, with many fields flooded around Mahama Camp in Kirehe District, where about 58,000 Burundian refugees live, this income source has temporarily declined. In the absence of assistance, these refugees would face Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes.
This Key Message Update provides a high-level analysis of current acute food insecurity conditions and any changes to FEWS NET's latest projection of acute food insecurity outcomes in the specified geography. Learn more here.