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Rwanda

Remotely monitored country
Rwanda
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Remotely Monitored Country
Description

As of November 2023, FEWS NET is no longer preparing regular food security reports on Rwanda. Currently, analysts monitor the food security situation in Rwanda and will draft special reports as needed to provide early warning or in-depth analysis of food insecurity drivers. Reporting on Rwanda staple production, marketing and trade, and exportable surpluses will be done through the Regional East Africa Cross Border Trade Report and the Global Price Watch report, and, as appropriate, neighboring countries’ markets and trade-focused analyses.

Remote Monitoring Report
October 2023
Season B stocks and interseason crops driving Minimal (IPC Phase 1)
  • Minimal (IPC Phase 1) outcomes are anticipated throughout the country, driven by the availability of household food stocks from seasonal and interseason crops, stable income access from livestock sales, higher agricultural labor wage rates, and expanded employment and trade prospects in urban areas. In addition, improved cross-border trade and labor migration are further increasing income access and the availability of both food and non-food goods in markets. However, Stressed! (IPC Phase 2!) outcomes are expected to persist among refugees, with humanitarian assistance preventing worse food insecurity outcomes. 

  • In rural areas, Minimal (IPC Phase 1) outcomes are sustained due to adequate stocks from the previous harvest, interseason crops, and enhanced income-earning opportunities. Additionally, humanitarian assistance from the government and partners is helping to maintain Minimal! (IPC Phase 1!) outcomes in Western Province, where a severe flash flood in May 2023 led to below-average Season B harvests. However, high and rising food prices continue limiting food access among rural poor households. Based on the National Institute of Statistics of Rwanda (NISR), September's rural food inflation rate rose by 6.7 percent compared to August 2023 and 34.5 percent annually due to depletion of food stocks and depreciation of the local currency against the USD. Food availability is expected to improve significantly by the end of the year, with the expected bumper Season A harvest supported by the anticipated above-average rainfall.

  • Minimal (IPC Phase 1) outcomes will likely be sustained in Kigali City throughout the projection period, driven by stable food access as household purchasing power increased income opportunities from enhanced industrial activities linked to the progressive growth of the economy. Furthermore, improved cross-border trade with Uganda and Tanzania is stabilizing market supply, which, together with the removal of VAT on selected food items, continues to moderate food prices to some extent, enhancing access to food. Nevertheless, high and increasing food prices remain a key barrier to food access in urban areas for poor and very poor households. According to the September 2023 NISR report, monthly and annual food inflation rates in urban areas rose by about 10 and 30 percent, respectively, driven by reduced rural-urban food supplies, increased transportation costs due to a 10 percent fuel price rise, and a weak exchange rate against the USD that increased prices of imported items. 

  • Stressed! (IPC Phase 2!) outcomes are expected to be sustained among the estimated 136,000 refugees and asylum seekers in Rwanda, with humanitarian assistance mitigating worse food security outcomes. Since November 2022, an influx of over 12,000 new asylum seekers have fled to Rwanda to escape conflict in eastern DRC, with over 1,000 asylees arriving in September 2023, putting further pressure on limited humanitarian assistance resources. Most refugees rely on humanitarian assistance for their monthly food needs. However, the UNHCR/WFP funding cuts starting in November 2023 are likely to contribute to the deterioration of food security outcomes among refugees, increasing the number of refugees facing food consumption gaps.

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Latest Analysis Latest Analysis
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Food Security Agroclimatology
No reports available.
Markets & Trade
Cross Border Trade Report East Africa Cross Border Trade East Africa January 2024
Cross Border Trade Report East Africa Cross Border Trade East Africa October 2023
Alerts / Special Reports
No reports available.
Food Security
Agroclimatology
No reports available.
Markets & Trade
Cross Border Trade Report East Africa Cross Border Trade East Africa January 2024
Cross Border Trade Report East Africa Cross Border Trade East Africa October 2023
Alerts / Special Reports
No reports available.
Food Security Classification Data View all Rwanda classification data
Rwanda Acute Food Insecurity Classification (October 2023 - May 2024)

Forward-looking analysis representing the most likely food security outcomes for the near term (October 2023 - January 2024) and medium term (February 2024 - May 2024) periods.

Rwanda Acute Food Insecurity Classification Shapefile October 2023 (.zip) (ZIP) Rwanda Acute Food Insecurity Classification October 2023 (.geojson) (GeoJSON) Near Term Projection: October 2023 - January 2024 (.png) (PNG) Medium Term Projection: February 2024 - May 2024 (.png) (PNG) Near Term Projection: October 2023 - January 2024 (.kml) (KML) Medium Term Projection: February 2024 - May 2024 (.kml) (KML)
Rwanda Acute Food Insecurity Classification (September 2023 - January 2024)

Forward-looking analysis representing the most likely food security outcomes for the near term (September 2023) and medium term (October 2023 - January 2024) periods.

Rwanda Acute Food Insecurity Classification Shapefile September 2023 (.zip) (ZIP) Rwanda Acute Food Insecurity Classification September 2023 (.geojson) (GeoJSON) Near Term Projection: September 2023 (.png) (PNG) Medium Term Projection: October 2023 - January 2024 (.png) (PNG) Near Term Projection: September 2023 (.kml) (KML) Medium Term Projection: October 2023 - January 2024 (.kml) (KML)
Rwanda Acute Food Insecurity Classification (August 2023 - January 2024)

Forward-looking analysis representing the most likely food security outcomes for the near term (August 2023 - September 2023) and medium term (October 2023 - January 2024) periods.

Rwanda Acute Food Insecurity Classification Shapefile August 2023 (.zip) (ZIP) Rwanda Acute Food Insecurity Classification August 2023 (.geojson) (GeoJSON) Near Term Projection: August 2023 - September 2023 (.png) (PNG) Medium Term Projection: October 2023 - January 2024 (.png) (PNG) Near Term Projection: August 2023 - September 2023 (.kml) (KML) Medium Term Projection: October 2023 - January 2024 (.kml) (KML)
Seasonal Calendar Seasonal Calendar
Description

The Seasonal Calendar shows the annual and cyclical patterns of key food and income sources in a country throughout the typical year.

Rwanda Seasonal Calendar
Satellite-Derived Products Satellite-Derived Products
Description

USGS-provided data and imagery supports FEWS NET's monitoring efforts of weather and climate throughout the world.

View all Satellite-Derived Products
Livelihood Zone Resources Livelihood Zone Resources
Rwanda Livelihood Zone Descriptions, June 2012 Rwanda Livelihood Zone Descriptions, August 2011 Rwanda Livelihood Zone Map
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