Kenya

Presence Country
November 2021

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Concentration of displaced people
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Concentration of displaced people
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3: Crisis
4: Emergencia
5: Hambruna
Concentración de personas desplazadas
Se estima que seria al menos una fase peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
La manera de clasificación que utiliza FEWS NET es compatible con la CIF. Un análisisque es compatible con la CIF sigue los protocolos fundamentales de CIF pero nonecesariamente refleja el consenso de los socios nacionales en materia de seguridad alimentaria.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3+: Crisis o peor
Se estima que seria al menos una fase
peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
La manera de clasificación que utiliza FEWS NET es compatible con la CIF. Un análisisque es compatible con la CIF sigue los protocolos fundamentales de CIF pero nonecesariamente refleja el consenso de los socios nacionales en materia de seguridad alimentaria.
Para los países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza un contorno de color en el mapa CIF que representa la clasificación más alta de CIF en las áreas de preocupación.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

Países presenciales:
1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3: Crisis
4: Emergencia
5: Hambruna
Concentración de personas desplazadas
Países de monitoreo remoto:
1: Minimo
2: Acentuada
3+: Crisis o peor
Se estima que seria al menos una fase
peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
Para los países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza un contorno de color en el mapa CIF que representa la clasificación más alta de CIF en las áreas de preocupación.

IPC 2.0 Phase d'Insécurité Alimentaire Aiguë

1: Minimale
2: Stress
3: Crise
4: Urgence
5: Famine
Concentration de personnes déplacées
Serait probablement pire, au moins une phase, sans l'assistance humanitaire en cours ou programmée
La manière de classification que FEWS NET utilise est compatible avec l’IPC. Une analyse qui est compatible avec l’IPC suit les principaux protocoles de l’IPC mais ne reflète pas nécessairement le consensus des partenaires nationaux en matière de sécurité alimentaire.

IPC 2.0 Phase d'Insécurité Alimentaire Aiguë

1: Minimale
2: Stress
3+: Crise ou pire
Serait probablement pire, au moins une phase, sans
l'assistance humanitaire en cours ou programmée
La manière de classification que FEWS NET utilise est compatible avec l’IPC. Une analyse qui est compatible avec l’IPC suit les principaux protocoles de l’IPC mais ne reflète pas nécessairement le consensus des partenaires nationaux en matière de sécurité alimentaire.
Pour les pays suivis à distance par FEWS NET, un contour coloré est utilisé pour représenter la classification de l’IPC la plus élevée dans les zones de préoccupation.

IPC 2.0 Phase d'Insécurité Alimentaire Aiguë

Pays de présence:
1: Minimale
2: Stress
3: Crise
4: Urgence
5: Famine
Concentration de personnes déplacées
Pays suivis à distance:
1: Minimale
2: Stress
3+: Crise ou pire
Serait probablement pire, au moins une phase, sans
l'assistance humanitaire en cours ou programmée
Pour les pays suivis à distance par FEWS NET, un contour coloré est utilisé pour représenter la classification de l’IPC la plus élevée dans les zones de préoccupation.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurança Alimentar Aguda Baseado

1: Minima
2: Stress
3: Crise
4: Emergência
5: Fome
Concentração de pessoas deslocadas
Poderia ser pior sem a assistência humanitária em vigor ou programad
A maneira de classificação que utiliza FEWS NET é compatível com a CIF. A análise compatível com a CIF segue os protocolos fundamentais da CIF mas não necessariamente reflete o consenso dos parceirosnacionais com respeito a segurança alimentar.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurança Alimentar Aguda Baseado

1: Minima
2: Stress
3+: Crise ou pior
Poderia ser pior sem a assistência
humanitária em vigor ou programad
A maneira de classificação que utiliza FEWS NET é compatível com a CIF. A análise compatível com a CIF segue os protocolos fundamentais da CIF mas não necessariamente reflete o consenso dos parceirosnacionais com respeito a segurança alimentar.
Para os países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza um contorno de cor no mapa CIF para representar a classificação mais alta da CIF nas áreas de preocupação.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurança Alimentar Aguda Baseado

Países com presença:
1: Minima
2: Stress
3: Crise
4: Emergência
5: Fome
Concentração de pessoas deslocadas
Países sem presença:
1: Minima
2: Stress
3+: Crise ou pior
Poderia ser pior sem a assistência
humanitária em vigor ou programad
Para os países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza um contorno de cor no mapa CIF para representar a classificação mais alta da CIF nas áreas de preocupação.

November 2021 - January 2022

February - May 2022

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Concentration of displaced people
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
Key Messages
  • According to CHIRPS satellite data, as of November 20, the October to December short rains are 60-110 percent of the 40-year average in the unimodal western areas of Kenya, but less than 30-60 percent of the 40-year average in northern and eastern Kenya. Across the eastern pastoral and coastal districts, the season currently ranks as one of the driest recorded. Based on CHIRPS estimates, GEFS forecast, and median rainfall in analog years, cumulative rainfall is likely to be less than 45 percent of average in northern and eastern Kenya. Additionally, based on historical analogs, there is around a 70 percent likelihood that the March to May long rains will be below-average. 

  • In the marginal agricultural areas, a false onset of rainfall in Nyeri (Kieni), Makueni, and Meru North resulted in the germination of dry planted crops, but the following dry spell led to moisture stress and widespread withering of the crop. Due to the late-onset and significantly below average cumulative rains, most marginal agricultural households have not planted their crops, particularly in Makueni, Taita Taveta, and Kilifi counties. A failed season is likely across much of these areas as the typical peak rainfall period passes.  Households are increasingly depending on non-agricultural wage labor, firewood and charcoal sales, and increased livestock sales for income in the absence of typical agricultural wage labor opportunities. Households are increasing their reliance on humanitarian assistance from national and county governments, NGOs, and humanitarian agencies, along with school meal programs to minimize food consumption gaps. An increasing number of households are likely engaging in coping strategies indicative of Crisis (IPC Phase 3), although area-level acute food insecurity outcomes remain Stressed (IPC Phase 2).

  • In the pastoral areas, forage and water resources continue to deteriorate due to the drought. Livestock return trekking distances from grazing areas to water sources are 16-28 percent above the three-year average and double the three-year average in Marsabit. Livestock productivity continues to deteriorate, with livestock body conditions being reported as poor for all species. Milk production is around 1 liter per household per day, around 30-69 percent of the three-year average. Sectoral interventions such as water trucking and the delivery of livestock feed from national and county governments, NGOs, and humanitarian agencies are helping stem further deterioration of livestock body conditions despite livestock deaths being reported in Taita Taveta and Garissa. Humanitarian assistance in the form of cash transfers from both government and non-governmental agencies is helping supplement household income for market purchases; however, area-level Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes are expected to persist.  

  • Maize prices in October were 7-37 percent above average in Kisumu, Eldoret, Mombasa due to sustained demand, and 9-35 percent above average in the pastoral areas due to increased demand for human and livestock consumption. However, maize prices are at average levels for October in the Nairobi, Turkana, and the marginal areas, driven by the availability of cross-border imports from Tanzania and Uganda and maize supplies from Trans Nzoia and Uasin Gishu counties. Bean prices are 8-50 percent above the five-year average across the country due to sustained high demand and low household stocks following four consecutive below-average production seasons. In the northern and eastern pastoral areas, goat prices in October are 9-26 percent lower than the 2016-2020 average due to deteriorating body conditions driven by atypically low availability of rangeland resources.

  • The easing of COVID-19 restrictions on transportation and the removal of the national curfew continues to slowly improve income-earning opportunities for poor urban households. However, slow economic activity recovery is resulting in urban poor households continuing to rely on coping strategies indicative of Crisis (IPC Phase 3) and Emergency (IPC Phase 4) to minimize food consumption gaps. Despite the availability of COVID-19 vaccines, around 4.1 million people have received at least one vaccine dose, well below the government target of 10 million fully vaccinated individuals by January 2022. To increase vaccination rates, the government announced on November 21 that proof of COVID-19 vaccination will be required for individuals seeking in-person government services from December 21. This is likely to impact unvaccinated people obtaining business permits, immigration documents, and tax remittances, likely constraining household income-earning opportunities.

Food Security

Kenya Food Security Classification (November 2021 - May 2022)

Near term (November 2021 - January 2022) food security outcomes and forward-looking analysis representing the most likely food security outcomes for medium term (February 2022 - May 2022) periods.

Downloads

Livelihoods

Livelihoods Zone Narrative

Livelihood Zone Map

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About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on approximately 30 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, USGS, and CHC-UCSB, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica.
Learn more About Us.

Link to United States Agency for International Development (USAID)Link to the United States Geological Survey's (USGS) FEWS NET Data PortalLink to U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)
Link to National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Earth ObservatoryLink to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) National Weather Service, Climage Prediction CenterLink to the Climate Hazards Center - UC Santa BarbaraLink to KimetricaLink to Chemonics