Key Message Update

Below average rainfall and limited access to fertilizer impact the start of the 2023 A Season

September 2022

September 2022

Projected food security outcomes, August to September 2022, Stressed (IPC phase 2) in Eastern part Burundi.

October 2022 - January 2023

Projected food security outcomes, October 2022 to January 2023. Stressed (IPC Phase 2) in Eastern part Burundi.

IPC v3.1 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.1 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.1 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.1 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • Minimal (IPC Phase 1) acute food security outcomes are present across most of Burundi, as households have access to food stocks from the near-average 2022 B Season harvest, typical access to income, and increased labor wages with the start of the 2023 A Season. However, Stressed (IPC Phase 2) outcomes are expected in the Eastern and Northern Lowlands and Eastern Dry Plateaus livelihood zones, driven by below-average income from bean sales, high staple food prices, lower than normal labor opportunities, and below-average income from cross-border trade with Tanzania and Rwanda.

  • The start of the September to January small rains is delayed, which is delaying the start of land preparation and sowing for the 2023 A Season. Additionally, key informants report that better-off households can only access around half of the normal amount of fertilizer in mid-September due to shortages. The forecast below-average September-December short rains are likely to impact the low-altitude areas of the Eastern and Northern Lowlands, Eastern Dry Plateaus, and Imbo Plains livelihood zones, as these areas are typically the most vulnerable to dry spells resulting in localized below-average maize and bean harvests.

  • In August, staple food prices increased 25 to 60 percent compared to last year and the five average, with maize prices recording the largest increases due to increased demand and below-normal market supply. The high food prices are generally driven by the rising fuel cost, resulting in increased transportation costs. In September, fuel in Bujumbura is, on average, being sold at 3,250 BIF/liter (~6.02 USD/gallon) compared to 2,400 BIF/liter (~4.43 USD/gallon) in February, a 35 percent increase. Most drivers purchase fuel from unofficial fuel markets, where prices are around three times higher than at gas stations. The high fuel prices will likely slow economic activity.

  • In September 2022, WFP provided a hybrid ration (in kind and cash) equivalent to 2100 kilocalories per person per day to just over 55,500 refugees and asylum seekers from the DRC and 4,000 returnees. The daily ration comprises of 360g of cereals, 120g of beans, 25g of vegetable oil, and 5g of salt per person. Currently, humanitarian assistance is supporting Minimal! (IPC Phase 1!) acute food insecurity outcomes among beneficiaries. However, around 13,000 returnees from February to July 2022 have likely exhausted their three-month food assistance rations and are Stressed (IPC Phase 2), having not yet established typical sources of income and crop production.¬†

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on approximately 30 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, USGS, and CHC-UCSB, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica.
Learn more About Us.

Link to United States Agency for International Development (USAID)Link to the United States Geological Survey's (USGS) FEWS NET Data PortalLink to U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)
Link to National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Earth ObservatoryLink to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) National Weather Service, Climage Prediction CenterLink to the Climate Hazards Center - UC Santa BarbaraLink to KimetricaLink to Chemonics