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Burundi

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Burundi
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Key Message Update
March 2024
Below-average rainfall delays the sowing of 2024 Season B crops
  • Stressed (IPC Phase 2) outcomes are expected in the Northern Lowlands, Eastern Lowlands, and Eastern Dry Plateaus livelihood zones due to increased food prices, below-average cross-border income-earning opportunities, and below-average 2024 Season A crop production (particularly below-average beans production). On a positive note, in the west of the country, near-average 2024 Season A harvests improved food availability and access in March, supporting Minimal (IPC Phase 1) food security outcomes. 
  • Food prices continued to stabilize in March 2024 as food stocks from Season A harvests were supported at the national level, despite a slight 10 percent increase of bean prices compared to January. The near-average harvests stabilized food prices compared to last year, at prices 5 percent lower for rice, cassava, and sweet potato, and 10 percent lower for beans and maize. However, food prices remain 25 to 45 percent above five-year averages, driven by increased cost of imported food due to elevated national inflation, increased expenses for agricultural inputs, and elevated fuel and transportation costs.  
  • The 2024 Season B started on-time in February and is expected to contribute about 50 percent of the annual harvest, followed by the timely harvests of Season A. Despite increased availability of fertilizers, below-average rainfall between February and March 2024 has delayed sowing activities in around 10 percent of areas reserved for Season B and stressed the germination of about 15 percent of seedlings. Semi-arid regions of the Northern and Eastern Lowlands, Eastern Dry Plateaus, and Imbo Plains have been the most affected by the rainfall deficit.
  • Monthly inflation is stabilizing at around 20 percent compared to January, as most of the macroeconomic indicators, including trade deficit, external debt, foreign currency reserves, and loans remain at critical levels, leading to instability of the Burundi Franc (BIF) and worsening official exchange rates up to 80 percent lower than the parallel market. A critical macroeconomic situation leads to low import capacity, and since traders are depending more on the parallel market to import goods, the prices of imported items – including food and essential non-food items – are increasing.
  • According to WFP, due to funding shortfalls, approximately 56,000 refugees and asylum seekers are receiving about 70 percent of their usual monthly food ration. The shortage of humanitarian assistance is expected to result in Stressed! (IPC Phase 2!) outcomes in these households. Humanitarian food assistance covering a three-month ration has also been provided to 170 returnees, and around 11,000 moderately malnourished children benefited from specialized nutritious food distributions in Cankuzo, Ruyigi, Muyinga, Ngozi, Kirundo, and Rutana provinces. Stressed! (IPC Phase 2!) outcomes are likely among refugees and IDPs.
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View all Burundi Analysis
Food Security
Food Security Outlook Average Season A and Season B harvests increase food access through September 2024 Burundi February - September 2024
Key Message Update Average Season A harvest stabilizes food prices and enhances food access Burundi January 2024
Food Security Outlook Update Above-average Season C harvest enhances food availability in the north Burundi December 2023
Agroclimatology
No reports available.
Markets & Trade
Cross Border Trade Report East Africa Cross Border Trade East Africa January 2024
Cross Border Trade Report East Africa Cross Border Trade East Africa October 2023
Alerts / Special Reports
No reports available.
Food Security
Food Security Outlook Average Season A and Season B harvests increase food access through September 2024 Burundi February - September 2024
Key Message Update Average Season A harvest stabilizes food prices and enhances food access Burundi January 2024
Food Security Outlook Update Above-average Season C harvest enhances food availability in the north Burundi December 2023
Agroclimatology
No reports available.
Markets & Trade
Cross Border Trade Report East Africa Cross Border Trade East Africa January 2024
Cross Border Trade Report East Africa Cross Border Trade East Africa October 2023
Alerts / Special Reports
No reports available.
Food Security Classification Data View all Burundi classification data
Burundi Acute Food Insecurity Classification (March 2024 - September 2024)

Forward-looking analysis representing the most likely food security outcomes for the near term (March 2024 - May 2024) and medium term (June 2024 - September 2024) periods.

Burundi Acute Food Insecurity Classification Shapefile March 2024 (.zip) (ZIP) Burundi Acute Food Insecurity Classification March 2024 (.geojson) (GeoJSON) Near Term Projection: March 2024 - May 2024 (.png) (PNG) Medium Term Projection: June 2024 - September 2024 (.png) (PNG) Near Term Projection: March 2024 - May 2024 (.kml) (KML) Medium Term Projection: June 2024 - September 2024 (.kml) (KML)
Burundi Acute Food Insecurity Classification (February 2024 - September 2024)

Current (February 2024) food security outcomes and forward-looking analysis representing the most likely food security outcomes for the near term (February 2024 - May 2024) and medium term (June 2024 - September 2024) periods.

Burundi Acute Food Insecurity Classification Shapefile February 2024 (.zip) (ZIP) Burundi Acute Food Insecurity Classification February 2024 (.geojson) (GeoJSON) Current Situation: February 2024 (.png) (PNG) Near Term Projection: February 2024 - May 2024 (.png) (PNG) Medium Term Projection: June 2024 - September 2024 (.png) (PNG) Current Situation: February 2024 (.kml) (KML) Near Term Projection: February 2024 - May 2024 (.kml) (KML) Medium Term Projection: June 2024 - September 2024 (.kml) (KML)
Burundi Acute Food Insecurity Classification (May 2023 - September 2023)

Forward-looking analysis representing the most likely food security outcomes for the near term (May 2023) and medium term (June 2023 - September 2023) periods.

Burundi Acute Food Insecurity Classification Shapefile May 2023 (.zip) (ZIP) Burundi Acute Food Insecurity Classification May 2023 (.geojson) (GeoJSON) Near Term Projection: May 2023 (.png) (PNG) Medium Term Projection: June 2023 - September 2023 (.png) (PNG) Near Term Projection: May 2023 (.kml) (KML) Medium Term Projection: June 2023 - September 2023 (.kml) (KML)
Seasonal Calendar Seasonal Calendar
Description

The Seasonal Calendar shows the annual and cyclical patterns of key food and income sources in a country throughout the typical year.

Burundi Seasonal Calendar, showing rain, lean, harvest and land prep seasons
Production & Trade Flow Maps
FEWS NET captures the market networks for a product in a given country or region, including their catchments and trade flow patterns.
Maize, Normal Year Banana, Normal Year Beans, Normal Year Cassava, Normal Year Rice, Normal Year Sweet Potatoes, Normal Year
Satellite-Derived Products Satellite-Derived Products
Description

USGS-provided data and imagery supports FEWS NET's monitoring efforts of weather and climate throughout the world.

View all Satellite-Derived Products
Livelihood Zone Resources Livelihood Zone Resources
Burundi Livelihood Zone Descriptions, February 2021 Burundi Livelihood Zone Descriptions, November 2009 Burundi Livelihood Zone Map
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