Special Report

Dependency on income from labor migration to Iran has decreased significantly over the past decade

September 2012

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • In Bamyan and the northern districts of Wardak Province, dependency on income from labor migration to Iran has decreased significantly over the past ten years. This gradual trend has accelerated during the last three years. The reduction in the number of labor migrants going to Iran is primarily a result of increased domestic employment opportunities since 2001, Iran’s restrictions on labor in-migration, and the deteriorating economy of Iran.

  • A noticeable proportion of the population of Bamyan and the northern districts of Wardak Province have permanently moved to urban areas including Kabul, Hirat, and Mazar. The remaining population thus has increased access to natural resources such as arable land, pasture, and water from irrigation. 

  • Given the better than normal production in 2012 which will contribute more than six months’ food supply for households, normal income from cash crops sales such as for potatoes, the 45 percent increase in sheep and goats prices compared to last year, food security outcomes for Bamyan and northern districts of Wardak province will be at the None or Minimal food insecurity phase (IPC Phase 1) over the coming six months.

  • While not expected in the most likely scenario, if Iran were to forcibly repatriate Afghan labor migrants, the impact on once-dependent provinces such as Bamyan and the northern districts of Wardak food security would impact some households, but it would not likely affect entire villages or have particularly largescale impacts.

     

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About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on approximately 30 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, USGS, and CHC-UCSB, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica. Read more about our work.

Link to United States Agency for International Development (USAID)Link to the United States Geological Survey's (USGS) FEWS NET Data PortalLink to U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)
Link to National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Earth ObservatoryLink to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) National Weather Service, Climage Prediction CenterLink to the Climate Hazards Center - UC Santa BarbaraLink to KimetricaLink to Chemonics