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Households begin land preparation activities for winter wheat and stocking foods for lean season

  • Key Message Update
  • Afghanistan
  • September 2019
Households begin land preparation activities for winter wheat and stocking foods for lean season

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  • Key Messages
  • Key Messages
    • Insecurity and conflict increased in August and September in many areas of the country, with the highest increases in the south, northeast, and north regions, resulting in displacement of an estimated 44,000 people. Many of the newly displaced households are likely in Crisis (IPC Phase 3), as they have lost their normal food and incomes sources and have difficulty accessing their normal livelihoods. The rest of the country is experiencing Stressed (IPC Phase 2) and Minimal (IPC Phase 1) outcomes as a result of the wheat harvest and ongoing second season harvests.

    • International forecasts indicate the 2019/20 precipitation season is most likely to be average across Afghanistan. Temperatures compared to the short-term mean are expected to be near average throughout most of the country through February 2020. This will likely support the development of snowpack, which will benefit irrigated agriculture starting in Spring 2020.

    • Most households are stocking food for winter, and farmers are preparing fields for winter wheat. In areas where conflict is periodic, some temporarily-displaced households are likely to return to their homes to plant winter wheat. However, in other areas that experience more frequent conflict, some farmers are facing difficulty accessing their land. Despite the increase in conflict in recent months, area planted for winter wheat is likely to be average to above average, as a result of the favorable climate conditions and that more households engaging in agriculture activities as this is becoming a favored income source.

    • August staple food prices were similar to last year’s prices and the five-year average. According to WFP data, one sheep could buy nearly 265 kg of wheat on average across monitored markets. This is a 5 percent increase in the terms of trade from July to August, mainly due to the increase in the price of sheep. The highest increases in sheep prices were observed in Mazar, Maimana, Hirat, and Faizabad markets due to the Eid-holiday.

    This Key Message Update provides a high-level analysis of current acute food insecurity conditions and any changes to FEWS NET's latest projection of acute food insecurity outcomes in the specified geography. Learn more here.

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