Key Message Update

Acute food insecurity remains widespread as the lean season progresses in the region

May 2021

April - May 2021

June - September 2021

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • Rural and urban livelihoods in Central America and Haiti continue to be negatively affected by low household purchasing power, which is linked to under- and unemployment during the pandemic, loss of crops and agricultural labor income during the 2020/2021 production year, rising food and fuel prices, and insecurity. During the lean season, many poor households continue to have food consumption gaps or adopt crisis or stressed coping strategies, such as taking on debt and selling productive assets. Crisis (IPC Phase 3) and Stressed (IPC Phase 2) outcomes are widespread.

  • In Central America, access to food is limited among poor rural and urban households. The price of several staple foods, especially beans, shows a rising trend due to below-average regional production and high transportation costs. Additionally, household income remains below normal amid a slow, uneven economic recovery during the pandemic. Food assistance needs are highest in rural areas, where household food availability and income are at an annual low during the ongoing lean season. The population requiring urgent food assistance will steadily rise until the start of the primera harvest in mid-to-late August.

  • The primera harvest in Central America in August/September is currently expected to be near average, driven by medium and large producers and an early, favorable start of the rainfall season in most of the region. However, smallholder farmers in the Dry Corridor and hurricane-affected areas may experience yield losses on the household level due to the impact of high fertilizer prices, localized poor soil conditions, and localized irregular rainfall on cereal and bean production.

  • In Haiti, above-average rainfall between March and April favored planting and development of printemps crops in most farming areas. However, production is limited among some poor rural households due to the high price of seeds and the loss of income from preceding poor harvests. Further, localized floods and rainfall deficits have negatively affected production in the Nord/Nord-est departments and the Haut Plateau, respectively. In urban areas, especially Port-au-Prince, persistent insecurity and violence continue to significantly disrupt livelihoods, trade flows, and economic activities. Poor urban households face difficulties in physical access to markets and high, above-average staple food prices.

  • From May to September, Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes will persist in hurricane-affected areas of northern Guatemala, northern and southern Honduras, and northwestern Nicaragua; the Dry Corridor of Central America; parts of the coffee-producing livelihood zone in western El Salvador; and several areas of Haiti. However, the printemps harvest in Haiti in June/July, the primera harvest in Central America, and the start of the peak season of labor demand will likely somewhat reduce the magnitude of the population in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) by late August or September.

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on approximately 30 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, USGS, and CHC-UCSB, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica.
Learn more About Us.

Link to United States Agency for International Development (USAID)Link to the United States Geological Survey's (USGS) FEWS NET Data PortalLink to U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)
Link to National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Earth ObservatoryLink to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) National Weather Service, Climage Prediction CenterLink to the Climate Hazards Center - UC Santa BarbaraLink to KimetricaLink to Chemonics