Key Message Update

Seasonal food security deterioration worsened by atypically high prices

June 2022

May 2022

June - September 2022

IPC v3.1 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.1 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.1 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.1 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • In Central America, seasonal trends are exacerbated by above-average prices, limiting access to food during the annual lean season for poorer households in both rural and urban areas. Until the primera harvest starts in August/September, poorer households across much of the region are expected to experience Stressed (IPC Phase 2) outcomes. At the same time, poorer households in the Dry Corridor, Eastern Honduras, and areas affected by hurricanes Eta and Iota in Guatemala will be classified as Crisis (IPC Phase 3), as they engage in unsustainable coping, such as resorting to loans and credits to purchase food, migrating atypically, borrowing or relying on food support from friends and family, and/or selling their productive assets to cover their food needs.

  • Throughout the region, inflation continued its upward trend in May. Increases in the Consumer Price Index, particularly in the food and non-alcoholic beverages category are driven by high international prices of fuels and some food products. In April, maize, bean, vegetable oil, and wheat product prices were higher in all reporting countries as compared to April 2021 and to the five-year average, limiting purchasing power. 

  • Primera planting started normally with the beginning of the rainy season. However, a reduction in planted area is likely given significantly above average prices of fertilizers and other agricultural inputs. The forecast of near-average rainfall for most of the region in the following weeks will allow for the normal development of most crops, although above-average rainfall in July could cause some localized losses due to excess humidity.

  • In Haiti, livelihoods continue to be disrupted, due to high commodity prices and a lack of job opportunities. The security situation is deteriorating further, as gangs increase their control and expand into additional territories in Ouest, Centre, Sud, Nord-Ouest, and Artibonite, negatively affecting economic activities and market supply and reducing physical access to households’ sources of income. Meanwhile, rainfall in March and April has favored the planting and development of spring crops. Poorer households in Haiti are likely to continue adopting unsustainable coping strategies to maintain their food consumption amid very high prices, resulting in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) and Stressed (IPC Phase 2) outcomes in most areas.

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on approximately 30 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, USGS, and CHC-UCSB, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica.
Learn more About Us.

Link to United States Agency for International Development (USAID)Link to the United States Geological Survey's (USGS) FEWS NET Data PortalLink to U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)
Link to National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Earth ObservatoryLink to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) National Weather Service, Climage Prediction CenterLink to the Climate Hazards Center - UC Santa BarbaraLink to KimetricaLink to Chemonics