Key Message Update

Water deficit in Haiti is expected to affect yields while casual labor demand decreases in Central America

February 2020

January 2020

Most of the Central American region is in Phase 2 with some pockets in Phase 3 in Guatemala. Haiti is in Phase 2 and Phase 3.

February - May 2020

Most of the Central American region is in Phase 2 and the Dry Corridor in Guatemala has several areas in Phase 3. Haiti is in Phase 2 and Phase 3.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • In Haiti, livelihoods remain disrupted due to high food prices, lack of employment opportunities and the remaining effects of the socio-political crisis. Poor households continue to intensify the sale of charcoal and animals, delay the return of children to school, among other strategies, to maintain their basic food consumption. Food insecurity remains in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) and Stress (IPC Phase 2).

  • In Haiti, market functioning improved in December after two months of civil unrest. Food prices remain above average while local prices are stable or are declining. The Haitian gourde is showing some stability against the U.S. dollar. Winter crops, including beans, are currently being harvested or about to be harvested. Their yield is expected to be reduced in the Nord and Nord-Est departments because of a water deficit observed since the end of December and in Artibonite due to strong winds.

  • In Central America, some areas in the Dry Corridor are facing Stressed (IPC Phase 2) food insecurity due to losses in last year’s main harvest. However, households improved their income and access to food during the high season for casual labor. An early start of the lean season is expected, due to low stocks at end of high labor season which will lead poor households into Crisis (IPC Phase 3) food insecurity.

  • Favorable distribution of rain in December 2019 and rains above average during the beginning of 2020 allowed a good Apante growing season in parts of Honduras and Nicaragua. The weather models indicate a normal start of the first rainy season in 2020. Markets were well supplied with the Postrera harvests and carryover stocks and maize prices have remained above average while bean prices remain below average.

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on approximately 30 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, USGS, and CHC-UCSB, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica. Read more about our work.

Link to United States Agency for International Development (USAID)Link to the United States Geological Survey's (USGS) FEWS NET Data PortalLink to U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)
Link to National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Earth ObservatoryLink to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) National Weather Service, Climage Prediction CenterLink to the Climate Hazards Center - UC Santa BarbaraLink to KimetricaLink to Chemonics